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Cotton, Corn, and Pea Planter.

Description: Patent for a new and improved planter. This design consists in "[t]he combination, in a planter and fertilizer-distributer, of a revolving drum having openings communicating with a groove in its periphery for sowing fertilizer, and a seeding mechanism arranged above the drum, whereby the seeds will fall into the groove of the drum and be thereby conveyed to the furrow" (lines 3-9).
Date: August 18, 1885
Creator: Applewhite, David Thomas

Vehicle Axle Box.

Description: Patent for a new and improved axle box for vehicles. This design consists of a novel combination of spindle, detachable and reversible bearing-sleeve, interposed elastic sleeves, hub, axle-box, and lubricator (lines 74-90).
Date: February 15, 1881
Creator: Applewhite, David Thomas

Combination Tool.

Description: Patent for a new and improved multi-tool. This design "consists of a tool having a staple-holder, a driver, a chisel, a vise attachment, and a detachable driver adapted to be used with the vise to splice the ends of the wire in building wire fences, in which the tool is used for driving staples, cutting the wire, and splicing the wire, the several devices forming a combination-tool disposed for convenient use upon a stock or holder" (lines 9-17).
Date: March 3, 1885
Creator: Archer, Roger Williams

Breakwater.

Description: Patent for improving seawalls to "preserve channels across the bars at the mouths of rivers, creeks, or canals and between bays and gulfs" (lines 6-8), including illustration.
Date: June 7, 1859
Creator: Armour, D. Hillen

Chair for Railroad Rails.

Description: Patent for a new and improved chair for railroad rails. This design utilizes a metal key and wrought-iron straps so that "the rails are held firmly both laterally and vertically, so that they are kept level at the joint and any sagging is prevented. At the same time endwise movement by expansion or contraction is not hindered, and the chairs being fastened to the ties, the expansion and contraction will take place entirely between the several chairs" (lines 49-57).
Date: February 20, 1883
Creator: Armstrong, Charles & Abbott, George

Combination-Tool.

Description: Patent for a combination tool that is "adapted without changing any of its parts to operate as a nut and pipe wrench, pliers, hammer, screw-driver, and nail-extractor." (Lines 12-15) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: October 12, 1897
Creator: Armstrong, Charles J.

Fruit-Picker.

Description: Patent for an inexpensive, efficient, and durable fruit-picker that picks small fruit and does not bruise them. The picker is easily operated.
Date: March 6, 1894
Creator: Armstrong, George W.

Cotton-Picking Machine.

Description: Patent for a sack laborers drag around the fields with them to store cotton in. It has a shoulder-strap that fits around the sack's mouth. There are two wheels, and a platform is attached to the axle. The sack is strapped to the platform.
Date: November 3, 1896
Creator: Armstrong, Henry T.

Railway Signal.

Description: Patent for a new and improved railroad signal. This design consists in "[a] continuous electric conductor extending beside a railroad, a contact-maker borne by a train, an electric galvanic battery, a stationary transmitter, and a train provided with transmitting and receiving instruments on two or more members of the train and connected with the electric circuit in multiple arc . . . whereby a message can be sent to each member simultaneously" (lines 8-17).
Date: June 7, 1887
Creator: Armstrong, James Henry

Hay-Press

Description: Patent for a press for hay, straw, and similar. This device, intended for horse-powered bailing processes, is designed for cheap and efficient hay press for the bailing process.
Date: May 7, 1901
Creator: Armstrong, James McRae

Car-Coupling.

Description: Patent for improved car couplings "of the Janney type, capable of readily coupling on short curved, and adapted to be either coupled or uncoupled without going between cars. A further object of the invention is to provide means whereby the parts may be readily set for automatic coupling, or to prevent coupling." (Lines 13-20) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: March 19, 1895
Creator: Armstrong, James P.

Post Hole Digger.

Description: Patent for a new and improved post-hole digger. This design "has for its object to provide a simple, durable, inexpensive, and efficient device, the levers of which can be readily separated, so that either of them can be used as a spade or shovel to fill in the earth around the post after it is placed in the hole" (lines 14-19).
Date: November 21, 1882
Creator: Armstrong, John J.