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TYPE-WRITER.

Description: Patent for a new device for typewriters which allows for shifting from lower case to upper case by means of "the one set of keys ordinarily employed, but of modified construction" (lines 14-15) including descriptions of the device, operation, and illustrations
Date: May 6, 1902
Creator: Austin, Thomas R.
Item Type: Patent

Pipe-Vent.

Description: Patent for a certain new and useful pipe vent, including instructions and illustrations.
Date: August 29, 1899
Creator: Austin, William N.
Item Type: Patent

Metal-Cutting Shears.

Description: Patent for simple and effective metal-cutting shears that cuts hot or cold metals. The shears are mounted on a frame, and a hand-operated lever forces the upper shear down.
Date: November 20, 1894
Creator: Autrey, Benjamin P.
Item Type: Patent

Cotton Sweep.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cotton-sweep. This design "has for its object to provide a sweep which can be used either as a solid sweep or with one wing solid and the other cut away; to so construct the cut-away wing that it can be run very close to the plants without injuring them or throwing too much dirt or earth thereon to cover them, and to provide a sweep which shall be cheap, strong, durable, and effective" (lines 27-35).
Date: January 19, 1886
Creator: Awalt, Jesse C.
Item Type: Patent

Boot or Shoe Brace.

Description: Patent for a new and improved brace for shoes and boots. This design "relates to a brace adapted to be applied to boots and shoes, and is designed as a brace for the counter, heel, and instep; and it has for its object to provide a brace . . . which shall be simple in its construction, one that may be readily and easily applied, and manufactured and supplied at a slight cost" (lines 9-16).
Date: May 5, 1885
Creator: Awalt, Jessee C.
Item Type: Patent

Marine Torpedo Service.

Description: Patent for a new and improved torpedo system. This design is "to so place and connect the torpedoes that they may be drawn out of the way of friendly vessels, so that they will automatically resume positions that will interfere with the passage of [unfriendly] vessels . . . [and] the invention consists of a series or system of torpedoes that are connected to guide-lines that pass under anchored sheaves and lead to a point where the lines are all connected to a single manipulating-line . . . which common manipulating-line leads to the shore or to a position from which it can be operated from the shore" (lines 11-25).
Date: December 7, 1886
Creator: Aylesworth, Charles Samuel
Item Type: Patent

GATE

Description: Patent for a Gate. "My invention is an improved gate adapted for use as a farm-gate and for other uses." (lines 11-12) and illustrations.
Date: August 25, 1903
Creator: BRUCE, ROBERT A
Item Type: Patent

Automatic Railway-Gate.

Description: Patent for an automatic railway-gate or cattle-guard for use "at crossings, the entrances to tunnels, bridges or trestles, or at other places where it is desirable to guard the tracks" (lines 11-13). The invention is a simple and effective way for closing gates, can be operated from a distance, and is controlled by the wheels of passing trains.
Date: August 14, 1894
Creator: Baade, John
Item Type: Patent

Automatic Recording Apparatus for Vehicles.

Description: Patent for an improved automatic passenger register and mileage recorder for vehicles that travel on rails. It consists of a roller that is actives by a time motor, a strip that the roller moves, a pressure roller, a pair of rollers that a record sheet is wound between, a mechanism that controls movements of the pair of rollers, electromagnets that are connected to the seats, armature levers that mark the electromagnets current, a bell crank lever that marks the moving record sheet, and a spring that supports the lever.
Date: October 10, 1893
Creator: Baade, John
Item Type: Patent

Mold for Making Sewers.

Description: Patent for a new and improved sewer mold. This design consists in "[a]n expansible and contractible reversible mold for sewers, in form in cross-section of either a semi-circle, semi-ellipse, or semi-ovate, formed of segmental portions hinged together and provided with stay-braces and thrusting tie-rods" (lines 76-81).
Date: June 18, 1889
Creator: Baade, John
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus For Cementing Wells.

Description: Patent for new and useful improvements in processes of and apparatus for cementing wells, including instructions and illustrations.
Date: November 21, 1899
Creator: Baca, August
Item Type: Patent

Cotton-Press.

Description: Patent for a mechanism that presses cotton, wool, hemp, hay, or other similar substances that improves on a previous patent granted to the inventor (No. 451,846). This patent improves on the previous patent by improving the construction of the press.
Date: January 16, 1894
Creator: Bachman, Joseph A.
Item Type: Patent

Door Check.

Description: Patent for a new and improved door check. This design consists in "the combination, with a wheel provided with annular offsets and journaled in a movable bearing, the brake, and the spring, of the sheath provided with vertical grooves for the U-shaped bearing" (lines 54-58).
Date: July 3, 1888
Creator: Bachman, Joseph A.
Item Type: Patent

Machinery For Pressing Cotton.

Description: Patent for improvements in machinery for facilitating the pressing of cotton; and it relates particularly to mechanism in which cylinders and pistons are used, under the influence of fluid or liquid, such as steam, air, water, or gas under pressure to operate the follower-block of a bailing-press. (Lines 12-18) Illustration is included.
Date: May 5, 1891
Creator: Bachman, Joseph A.
Item Type: Patent

Process of Ginning Cotton.

Description: Patent for a process of ginning cotton that is "based upon the principle of a gradual or successive ginning of the seed, somewhat analogous to the gradual reduction process of grinding wheat or other grain" (lines 28-61). This process improves ginning by over thirty-three percent.
Date: November 7, 1893
Creator: Bachman, Joseph A.
Item Type: Patent

Saw-Gin.

Description: Patent for improvements in cotton-gins by having two compartments, one above the other. “The upper roll-box being especially adapted to raw cotton and the lower one to half-ginned cotton as the lint and seeds are only partially separated in one roll-box and are then delivered into another, where the operation is completed.” (Lines 24-29) This operation used less time to separate the seed and lint. Illustration is included.
Date: October 27, 1891
Creator: Bachman, Joseph A.
Item Type: Patent

Shutter Fastener.

Description: Patent for a new and improved blind fastening. This design "relates to an improvement in fastenings for outside blinds, shutters, or the like, and the purpose of [the] device is to provide a fastening that cannot be unlocked from the outside, even though slats be cut from the blinds or shutters to which the fastening is applied and two hands or arms are thrust through within reach of the said fastening. [The] fastening has two catching-latches, one locking and holding latch, and one bolt, all to be operated simultaneously when the blind is closed against the sill, [so] said blind may be released" (lines 12-24).
Date: March 19, 1889
Creator: Bachman, Joseph A.
Item Type: Patent

Shutter Fastener.

Description: Patent for a new and improved shutter fastener. This design "has for its object the production of a simple and efficient device, and one that can be conveniently operated from the inside of the blind, but not readily tampered with or opened from the outside without removing some of the slats of the blind. . . . one part—a bolt—is carried by the blind, and the other part—a catch—is secured to the windowsill and locks the bolt, so as to unfasten the blind both hands are required—one hand to operate the catch, the other hand to operate the bolt" (lines 16-30).
Date: April 10, 1888
Creator: Bachman, Joseph A.
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus for Handling Seed-Cotton.

Description: Patent for an improved cotton elevator, separator, and distributor that is meant to move cotton from a wagon or storage, remove dirt, and deliver it to a gin. The "improved apparatus comprises a pneumatic cotton-conveying tube by which the cotton is lifted or carried to the distributor, a separator for removing the cotton from the air current, and a distributor comprising a trunk for receiving the cotton from the separator extending over the two gin feeders, having openings delivering into the feeders, and an endless chain conveyer moving in said trunk, causing the cotton to travel along therein and drop out therefrom through the delivery openings into the feeders" (lines 16-27).
Date: October 31, 1893
Creator: Bachman, Joseph A. & Clark, Frank S.
Item Type: Patent

Exhaust-Steam Condenser.

Description: Patent for an exhaust-steam condenser meant for steam-engines in places where water needs to be conserved. It also "prevents the use of water for cooling the surfaces of the condenser" (lines 14-16).
Date: August 20, 1895
Creator: Bachman, Joseph A. & Goeth, Adolf C.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Combined Wrench and Saw-Set.

Description: Patent for improvements in the "combination of a wrench with a saw-setting device attached to the sliding jaw thereof" (lines 17-19). Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: January 22, 1878
Creator: Backer, Jacob
Item Type: Patent