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Breakwater.

Description: Patent for improving seawalls to "preserve channels across the bars at the mouths of rivers, creeks, or canals and between bays and gulfs" (lines 6-8), including illustration.
Date: June 7, 1859
Creator: Armour, D. Hillen
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Seed-Planters.

Description: Patent for a seed-planter that "may be attached to the leg of the attendant and operated by the natural movement of the attendant while walking along behind the machine" (lines 20-23), including illustration.
Date: March 1, 1859
Creator: Benthall, J. C.
Item Type: Patent

Escapement for Timekeepers.

Description: Patent for the improvement in the escapement of the watch for a "more regular and less liable to get out of order" through wear (lines 23-24), including illustration.
Date: October 12, 1858
Creator: Bishop, Josiah
Item Type: Patent

Preparation of Portable Soup-Bread.

Description: Patent for "extracting the nutritious part of flesh or animal meat of every description and combining this concentrated extract with flour or vegetable meal, and baking the two substances in an oven, thereby forming a portable desiccated soup-bread....." (lines 8-14), instruction only, no illustration.
Date: February 5, 1850
Creator: Borden, Gail, Jr.
Item Type: Patent

Mode of Straining Saws by Atmospheric Pressure.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the reciprocating saw by simplifying the arrangement of cylinders, pipes, and exhaust pumps to produce the necessary vacuum, including illustration.
Date: August 14, 1855
Creator: Brown, A. & Coffin, Abel, Jr.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Cotton-Seed Planters.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the hopper, stirrer, and distributor in cotton-planters that dispenses seeds into the soil using two horizontal united disks that discharges the seeds regularly and evenly, including illustration.
Date: September 13, 1859
Creator: Collier, T. T.
Item Type: Patent

Improved Cultivating-Plow.

Description: Patent for a cultivating plow with a series of cutting-disks and digging-hoes, including illustration.
Date: March 25, 1856
Creator: Crenshaw, Micajah
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Cotton-Seed Planters.

Description: Patent for the improvement for planting cotton seeds using a toothed wheel and hopper, including illustration.
Date: April 27, 1858
Creator: Donovan, I. T. & Fowler, W. J.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Cultivators.

Description: Patent for a triangle shaped cultivator with removable mold-boards that can be used as a plow and scraper, including illustration.
Date: May 10, 1859
Creator: Doss, William C.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Seed-Planters.

Description: Patent for a seed feeder using a tube connected to a revolving cylinder at the bottom of the hopper to deposit the seeds into the earth, including illustration.
Date: March 9, 1858
Creator: Doss, William C.
Item Type: Patent

Pump.

Description: Patent for a simple, efficient, and low maintenance submerged rotary pump, including illustration.
Date: February 22, 1859
Creator: Fagan, James L.
Item Type: Patent

Rotary Pump.

Description: Patent for a "submerged pump of very simple construction... one which will be efficient in its operation and not liable to get out of repair" (lines 16-20), illustration included.
Date: March 8, 1859
Creator: Fagan, James L.
Item Type: Patent

Corn-Husker.

Description: Patent for a new and improved machine for husking corn using a rotating wheel with spurs and cutters with combination of a stationary and movable concaves, including illustration.
Date: March 9, 1858
Creator: Fagan, Joseph & Fagan, James L.
Item Type: Patent

Dressing Millstones.

Description: Patent for "a new and improved mode of dressing millstones for the purpose of grinding every kind of grain into meal flour &c., &c." (lines 4-7) including instructions and illustrations.
Date: March 4, 1851
Creator: Gaines, Edmund P.
Item Type: Patent

Millstone-Dress.

Description: Patent for "a new and improved mode of dressing millstones for the purpose of grinding wheat and grain into meal flour" (lines 4-7) including instructions and illustrations.
Date: July 25, 1854
Creator: Gaines, Edmund P.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Corn-Planters.

Description: Patent for a corn-planter that allows the seed to be placed in a hopper and disperses the seed through a cylinder that is connected to a wheel to place and cover the seed, including illustration.
Date: May 10, 1859
Creator: Gilbert, R. B.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Cotton-Gins.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the cotton-gin by the arrangement of two cylindrical brushes and rollers to reduce damaging the staple of the cotton, illustrations included.
Date: April 19, 1859
Creator: Gottheil, Edward
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Gang-Plows.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the gang plow by the plows arrangement and pivoted beams to be adjustable for convenience, including illustration.
Date: May 1, 1855
Creator: Hall, Thomas J.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Plows.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the Rotary-Disk Cutters for plows that enable it to swivel and be supported by guides, including illustration.
Date: April 3, 1855
Creator: Hall, Thomas J.
Item Type: Patent

Converting Reciprocating into Rotary Motion.

Description: Patent for converting reciprocating into rotary motion by using “two vertically moving racks with a cog wheel on a small shaft between them which gears into the teeth of the racks” (lines 16-19), includes illustration.
Date: 1859-11-1
Creator: Harper, C. A.
Item Type: Patent