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Description: Patent for an "invention [consisting] in the construction and arrangement of a dome which surrounds a wind-wheel" (line 14-16) including instruction and illustrations. Constitutes an improvement to then existing windmills.
Date: January 11, 1876
Creator: Stephens, Lawrence E.
Description: Patent for "a bridle of novel construction for training and taming horses; and it consists in the combination of brace and guide-reins, neck and crupper straps, sureingle, and collar." (Lines 12-16) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: April 10, 1877
Creator: Cummings, Seton S.
Description: Patent for a new and improved water elevator. This design "relates to improvements in water-elevators in which water is made to perform the operations heretofore performed by steam; and it consists in the construction and arrangement of parts . . . whereby the rarefaction of heated air is employed to raise or set in motion a continuous stream of water" (lines 14-21).
Date: January 25, 1881
Creator: Smith, William A. & Smith, Robert T.
Description: Patent for a new machine for cutting basket splints. This design is for a large ring with grooves of varying depths to receive pieces of timber, whereupon a horse pulls a knife-tipped sweep along the perimeter of the ring, gradually turning the timber into splints for baskets. The machine can be conveniently disassembled and stored when not in use, and it is simple and easy enough for a unskilled laborer to assemble.
Date: March 29, 1881
Creator: Crow, Thomas
Description: Patent for a new and improved cotton chopper. This design has an axle "provided with holes, so that the choppers or cultivators may be adjusted thereon to bring them nearer together or place them farther apart, as may be desired, to change the implement from a chopper to a marker or cultivator" (lines 30-35).
Date: April 26, 1881
Creator: Lindsey, James E.
Description: Patent for a new and improved chest of drawers. This design "consists, first, in a drawer applied upon side cleats or ledges, grooved longitudinally with the movement of the drawer, and having balls placed in such grooves in such a manner that they are kept separated and are free to roll or move longitudinally, and that they serve as bearings for the drawer, while they keep it from frictional contact with the cleats . . . second, in a novel mode of construction of cleats" (para. 1).
Date: June 7, 1881
Creator: Johnson, William H. & Whomes, Joseph
Description: Patent for a new and improved horseshoe. This design "consists in a horseshoe constructed with a base made in two parts, hinged together at their forward ends, and having a cap, also made in two parts, attached to the base, the parts of the cap being provided at their upper forward corners with eyes and a fastening staple, and the hinged parts of the base being locked in place by a screw-rod passing through the hinged end of the base, whereby the shoe can be readily applied and detached, and will be securely held in place" (lines 22-33).
Date: November 21, 1882
Creator: Fenley, George Washington, Sr.
Description: Patent for a new and improved cotton chopper. This design consists in "[t]he combination, with the hoe, of a standard, fulcrumed to a hinged adjustable bar, and connected by mechanism[s] with the ground-wheel" (lines 77-80).
Date: December 5, 1882
Creator: Collins, Laura Ann & Graham, William G.
Description: Patent for a seed-planter, with illustrations. The "invention relates to an improved seed-planter, adapted to be attached to and operated in connection with any ordinary plow for planting wheat, corn, cotton, or other seed (line 25-28).
Date: December 19, 1882
Creator: Brown, William A.
Description: Patent for a new and improved smoke and cinder conductor. This design "has for its object to provide a simple and efficient conducting mechanism to be attached to the cars, and provided with an improved coupling device at its ends, by which a coupling can be automatically effected with the conducting mechanism of an adjoining car" (lines 11-17).
Date: May 1, 1883
Creator: Brown, William A. & Smith, James F.
Description: Patent for a new and improved horse carriage. This design calls for "the rider [to] press the treadles so as to hold the wheels in contact with the ground. When sufficient speed has been acquired the treadles are released, and the springs will then raise the wheels from contact with the ground, and the momentum will then be sufficient to keep the wheel erect. Should it be inclined to tilt, it may easily be righted by pressing either treadle so as to throw the wheel on the tilting side in contact with the ground" (lines 61-74).
Date: July 10, 1883
Creator: Smith, James Franklin
Description: Patent for a new and improved treadle. This design "has for its object to provide an adjustable pad . . . preferably formed of rubber, to the ordinary iron treadle . . . and may be detached therefrom, as desired. . . . whereby wear of the shoes is saved and cold feet will be avoided" (lines 10-24).
Date: December 4, 1883
Creator: Johnson, William Oscar
Description: Patent for a new and improved sweat-leather for saddles. This design "has for its object to construct sweat-leathers which shall be absolutely impervious to the sweat and moisture exuding from the animal, and thus serve to protect the rider's clothes. Sweat-pads, as ordinarily constructed of leather, are liable to be permeated with moisture, by which their efficiency as protectors is not only impaired, but they are liable to curl up . . . To avoid this . . . [the] improved sweat-pads [have] linings of India-rubber" (lines 20-31).
Date: December 25, 1883
Creator: Harriss, James Wilson
Description: Patent for a new and improved baling press. This design consists in "the combination of sill having uprights or fulcrums, levers mounted upon the latter, a follow-block connected to the inner ends of said levers by loose joints, a vertically-sliding follower, rods connecting the outer ends of said follower with the outer ends of the levers, and mechanism for operating the follower . . . the follower moving vertically above the sill, levers pivoted to uprights or fulcrums upon the sill, and having inner beveled ends, a follow-block loosely jointed between the inner ends of said levers" (lines 64-77).
Date: February 5, 1884
Creator: Robburts, George W.
Description: Patent for a new and improved book rest. This design consists "of an upright pivoted in a support or base, a sliding lower supporting cross-bar, an upper sliding supporting-bar, both bars having sockets upon their rear sides sliding upon the upright and provided with set-screws, and leaf-clamps consisting of a piece of spring doubled at one end to form slides sliding upon the arms of the upper cross-bar, forming curved yielding portions, forming transverse eyes at the other ends, having flat blocks hinged at the said eyes, and provided with thumb-pieces" (lines 72-83).
Date: November 25, 1884
Creator: Johnson, William Oscar
Description: Patent for a new and improved churn. This design consists in "[t]he combination, with a suitable frame having a fly-wheel mounted in bearings thereof, and a wrist-pin on said fly-wheel, of the lever pivoted to the frame at one end" (lines 95-98). Further, it consists in "carrying a pivoted dasher at its other end, said lever having a slot or opening to receive the wrist-pin, a crank-arm, a treadle pivoted to the frame at one end, and carrying a handle at its other end, and a rod connecting the treadle and crank-arm" (lines 1-6).
Date: May 5, 1885
Creator: Rogers, William Joseph