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Improvement in Cotton-Seed Planters.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the cotton-seed planter through the arrangement of a seed dispenser over a reciprocating slide and agitator operated by a pulley system simultaneously when moving forward, including illustration.
Date: September 13, 1859
Creator: Smith, P. M. & Collier, T. T.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Seed-Planters.

Description: Patent for a seed-planter using two vibratory vertical feed-wheels, similar in size to distribute different seeds at the same time, one is designed specifically for cotton seeds, illustration is included.
Date: August 16, 1859
Creator: Murphy, Willis G.
Item Type: Patent

Pessary.

Description: Patent for a ring pessary used as a female birth control device, including illustration.
Date: February 22, 1859
Creator: Wells, Francis, F.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Securing Iron Bands on Cotton-Bales.

Description: Patent for the improvement of cotton-bale fastenings by using a metal plate and a flange to fasten and unfasten the bale without any other tools and with ease. Including illustration.
Date: September 27, 1859
Creator: Pyle, C. W.
Item Type: Patent

Excavating and Grading Machine.

Description: Patent for a cultivating machine that pulverizes colds of soil using a revolving cylinder of blades, including illustration.
Date: July 19, 1859
Creator: Morrel, Z. N.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Machines for Distributing Fertilizers.

Description: Patent for the improvement of fertilizer-distributer which dispense fertilizers from a hopper with revolving arms that is mounted on top of a plow like machine, which would allow the fertilizers fall into the furrow. Including illustration.
Date: September 27, 1859
Creator: Morrel, Z. N.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Revolving Fire-Arms.

Description: Patent for discharging buckshot without reloading and with the precision of firing "a single bullet fired from a barrel of proper bore to fit it" (lines 17-18), including illustrations.
Date: March 1, 1859
Creator: Haynes, William C.
Item Type: Patent

Improved Cultivating-Plow.

Description: Patent for a cultivating plow with a series of cutting-disks and digging-hoes, including illustration.
Date: March 25, 1856
Creator: Crenshaw, Micajah
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Cotton-Presses.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the cotton press using screws and nuts in conjunction of a shifting pinion for changing the motion for the revolving wheels and shafts, including illustration.
Date: January 27, 1857
Creator: Parry, M. L.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Cotton-Seed Planters.

Description: Patent for covering cotton seeds by using a hoe transversely with cams and slides with the main axle of the planter, including illustration.
Date: May 15, 1855
Creator: Morrel, A. H.
Item Type: Patent

Window-Fastener.

Description: Patent for a spring lever for fastening sliding windows, including illustration.
Date: August 31, 1858
Creator: Root, Irving
Item Type: Patent

Escapement for Timekeepers.

Description: Patent for the improvement in the escapement of the watch for a "more regular and less liable to get out of order" through wear (lines 23-24), including illustration.
Date: October 12, 1858
Creator: Bishop, Josiah
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in the Manufacture of Black Bottle-Glass.

Description: Patent for manufacturing black bottle-glass by using "combination with other ingredients, an earthy slate of a peculiar character, called "clay-slate," for the purpose of furnishing the coloring-matter of the glass,as well as forming one of the bases of the glass itself."(line 10-15) Instruction only, no illustration.
Date: September 2, 1856
Creator: McCully, John F.
Item Type: Patent

Mode of Straining Saws by Atmospheric Pressure.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the reciprocating saw by simplifying the arrangement of cylinders, pipes, and exhaust pumps to produce the necessary vacuum, including illustration.
Date: August 14, 1855
Creator: Brown, A. & Coffin, Abel, Jr.
Item Type: Patent

Converting Reciprocating into Rotary Motion.

Description: Patent for converting reciprocating into rotary motion by using “two vertically moving racks with a cog wheel on a small shaft between them which gears into the teeth of the racks” (lines 16-19), includes illustration.
Date: 1859-11-1
Creator: Harper, C. A.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Sewing-Machines.

Description: Patent for improvement in sewing-machines by using two cams, one to operate the needle-arm and another to operate the feed and shuttle movements, illustration is included.
Date: November 15, 1859
Creator: Singer, E. C.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Seeding-Machines.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the seed-box so the seeds are properly distributed into the soil while preventing the seed from clogging the machine, including illustration.
Date: August 24, 1858
Creator: Keiper, D. B. & Fox, A. C.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Cotton-Seed Planters.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the cotton-seed planter in the arrangement of the hopper, roller with stirring and feeding teeth attached while distributing seeds accurately, including illustration.
Date: December 27, 1859
Creator: Kesler, Charles & Reinhard, Fred
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Plows.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the plow using braces and mold-board for a sturdy and very durable plow, including illustration.
Date: November 15, 1859
Creator: Townsend, John T.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Seed-Planters.

Description: Patent for a seed feeder using a tube connected to a revolving cylinder at the bottom of the hopper to deposit the seeds into the earth, including illustration.
Date: March 9, 1858
Creator: Doss, William C.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Harvesters.

Description: Patent for cutting grain in gavels at regular intervals along the track of the machine, including illustration.
Date: April 21, 1857
Creator: Wilson, J. C. & Wilson, T. G.
Item Type: Patent