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Improved Head-Rest.

Description: Patent for a new and improved head-rest for railroad-car seats and other seats, that can be applied to or removed from the back of seats without the use of clamp-screws, and are adjustable and adaptable to the convenience and comfort of different persons. It includes a description and illustrations.
Date: May 31, 1870
Creator: Littlepage, Caleb V.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement In Rotary Valve And Seat.

Description: Patent for an improvement in the construction of a rotary valve and seat. Specifications for the new construction and illustrations are included.
Date: August 5, 1879
Creator: Watkins, Edward L.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Railroad-Gates

Description: Patent for a new and improved Railroad-Fence Gate that prevents cattle from escaping from farm areas, including illustrations.
Date: May 13, 1879
Creator: Hahn, Henry. & Gaston, Anderson Lewers.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Cotton-Presses

Description: Patent for "a new and improved cotton-press" (line 3) using a stationary toothed wheel, including instructions and illustrations.
Date: October 18, 1870
Creator: Booton, Sinclair
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Cotton Choppers

Description: Patent for improvement in cotton choppers creating a more effective machine relating to the cultivating and chopping of cotton. Includes labeled figures and descriptive text
Date: August 16, 1873
Creator: Garrett, Joseph M.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Bailing-Presses.

Description: Patent for an improved bailing press consisting of "a novel arrangement of levers, connecting-bars, and cords, in combination with the follower and windlass, whereby the follower is worked in the downward direction for pressing, and in the opposite direction for elevating it to recharge the press, by the said windlass" (lines 5-11).
Date: January 2, 1872
Creator: Randolph, Jeremiah
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Harness.

Description: Patent for an economically designed harness that can be attached and detached to the animal with greater simplicity.
Date: June 25, 1872
Creator: Ellis, Ira
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Single-Trees

Description: Patent for "a new and Improved Single-Tree and Breast Yoke." (lines 3-4) Includes specifications and illustrations.
Date: October 3, 1876
Creator: Flatau, Louis
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Cotton-Presses

Description: Patent for a new and useful improvement in a cotton press. "Our invention has for its object to furnish an improved press for baling cotton as it comes from the gin, &c., &c." (lines 14-16).
Date: January 5, 1875
Creator: Crenshaw, William T. & Carothers, Robert J.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Tenoning-Machines

Description: Patent for an improvement in tenoning-machines, including saws, gauges, flanges, and hinged plates.
Date: April 18, 1871
Creator: Bourland, Melton S.
Item Type: Patent

Seed-planter.

Description: Patent for a machine that can plant any kind or size of seed or grain at any desired distance apart.
Date: December 3, 1878
Creator: Hoshall, David W.
Item Type: Patent

Bee Hive.

Description: Patent for improvements to "that class of bee-hives or bee-houses having a series of compartments..." (lines 15-17) with instructions and illustrations.
Date: May 21, 1878
Creator: Walton, George Slaughter
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Turbine Water-Wheels.

Description: Patent for a new turbine water wheel, which is said to alleviate past problems with older model turbines. The patent includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: January 11, 1870
Creator: Chadwick, H. A.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Fence.

Description: Patent for a new fence design that "can be adapted to any desired length, width, or height" (lines 14-15). The patent includes illustrations and instructions.
Date: February 15, 1870
Creator: Kerr, James
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Saw-Set.

Description: Patent for an invention "which can be used for setting the teeth of all kinds of saws by hand, and without requiring and intricate machinery" (lines 15-18). The patent includes instructions and an illustration.
Date: February 15, 1870
Creator: Harris, H. A.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Machines for Bending Stirrups.

Description: Patent for an invention that "is to provide a simple and efficient machine for bending and shaping stirrups for saddles" (lines 10-12). The patent includes instructions and an illustration.
Date: February 1, 1870
Creator: Forest, Demsey
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Gas-Furnaces and Forges.

Description: Patent for "an apparatus in which the gases from one or more forges, instead of passing off unconsumed into the atmosphere, enter a furnace and are burnt therein, thereby furnishing heat for the generation of steam in a boiler connected with said furnace, which steam is used to drive a fan that impels a blast into each forge, and is also used to propel an engine that operates a hammer, the exhaust from the engine being conducted to the tuyeres of the forges through pipes in which are placed red-hot iron plates, which decompose the steam, taking up the oxygen, and liberating the hydrogen which is burnt in the forges." (Lines 12-25) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: November 7, 1871
Creator: Morris, Joseph R.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Fluting Sad-Irons.

Description: Patent for "a new combination of fluting and sad-iron, of such kind that the upper fluting-roller will serve as handle for the sad-iron, there being thus no loose or separate parts required for the two functions." (Lines 17-21) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: November 14, 1871
Creator: Franklin, Edward A.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Apparatus for the Manufacture of Ice.

Description: Patent for a refrigeration apparatus "in which a continuous operation is maintained by means of a current of ether or other volatile fluid which liquefies at a low temperature." (Lines 18-21) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: November 28, 1871
Creator: Mühl, A.
Item Type: Patent

Improvement in Saws.

Description: Patent for improvements to circular or straight saws that steady the saw and prevent vibration and buckling. Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: December 19, 1871
Creator: Littlepage, Caleb V.
Item Type: Patent