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Apparatus for Irrigating Land.

Description: Patent for a new and improved irrigation machine. This design "consists in an irrigating-pipe having lapped side joints and notches in the inner edges of the lapped joints. The invention also consists in the combination, with a tank, of a trough below it, tubes projecting from the trough, and irrigating-pipes connected with the said tubes" (lines 12-18).
Date: November 17, 1885
Creator: Briggs, Elias
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus for Killing Rodents

Description: Patent for an apparatus for killing rodents "that may be used effectively for the destruction of all animals that burrow in the ground; and it consists in a furnace for the generation of sulphurous odors or other suffocating gases and a pump for forcing the gases into the burrows of the animals . . . ."
Date: August 22, 1882
Creator: Palmer, Austin D.
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus for Loading Cotton-Bales, &c.

Description: Patent for an apparatus for loading cotton-bales onto trucks from the compress. It is comprised of a cylinder, a piston, a piston rod, an inlet and exhaust pipes and a valve, a chain with grapnels at one end end and the other end is connected to the piston rod, a sheave, an adjustable slidable trip rod, a pivoted trip lever connected to the cylinder, a four armed lever connected to the valve, and connecting rods.
Date: December 24, 1895
Creator: Thompson, George
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus for Loading Wagons.

Description: Patent for a new and improved apparatus for loading wagons. This design consists in "[t]he combination of the platform having the opening and the trap-doors, the fastening devices to secure the trap-doors when closed and to permit the same to open, and the counter-weights connected to the trap-doors" (lines 24-28).
Date: November 27, 1888
Creator: Bernard, Alfred Franklin
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus for Making Cotton-Bales.

Description: Patent for improvement in apparatus for making cotton-bales from continuous sheets or bats by “employing only a single press and which permits the ginning and bat-forming devices to be operated continuously which accumulated the cotton in light and fleecy condition during the covering and removal of the bales, which feeds the cotton from the accumulator to the baling apparatus whenever this is desired.” (Lines 68-75) Illustration is included.
Date: June 18, 1901
Creator: Anderson, William E.
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus for Making Soap.

Description: Patent for a new and improved soap-making machine. This design "consist[s] of grease and soda tanks, the latter tank having a diaphragm . . . a register-tank, pipes leading from said grease and soda tanks to said register-tank, a pivoted converter, a rotary shaft in said converter and blades, a shaft journaled in uprights attached to said converter and provided with a crank and a bevel wheel, the latter gearing with a bevel-wheel on said rotary shaft in the converter, and removable furnaces for said grease tank and converter" (lines 21-32).
Date: September 20, 1887
Creator: Grant, William A.
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus for Molding Pipe

Description: Patent for device that allows multiple sized pipes or pipe sections to be milded.
Date: March 17, 1903
Creator: Bergstrom, Otto
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus for Obtaining a Vacuum.

Description: Patent for a new and improved vacuum. This design utilizes a liquid pump, plates, tubes and valves to make "about as perfect a vacuum . . . as can be obtained by an ordinary pump" (lines 53-55).
Date: July 27, 1880
Creator: Ward, Lyman Henry
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus for Oiling Railway-Tracks.

Description: Patent for improvements in mechanism for “applying oil to curves and switches of street railway tracks” (lines 6-7) by using an “oil-tank [that] is arranged in the upper position of the hood or shield over the car-wheel. The valve is in the bottom of the oil-space and may be controlled by a lever arranged to turn or lift in the valve, and under the valve is arranged the oiling-wheel, which runs lightly on the track or face of the car-wheel and applied the oil." (Page 2, lines 69-76) Includes illustration.
Date: August 4, 1891
Creator: Ennis, Thomas L.
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus for Operating Churns, &c.

Description: Patent for an apparatus for operating churns, ice cream freezers, or the like, and is meant "to produce an apparatus in which there is simultaneously given to the vessel a revolving motion and a revolving or vibrating motion to the agitator working in the vessel" (lines 14-18).
Date: April 16, 1895
Creator: Crawford, William H.
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus for Producing Ammoniacal Gas.

Description: Patent for a new and improved refrigerator and ice machine. This design "consists in an improved construction, whereby the gas is relieved of its moisture before entering the condenser, a better apparatus is obtained, and repairs are facilitated and cheapened" (lines 12-16).
Date: July 21, 1885
Creator: Lee, Charles B.
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus for Protecting Electrical Circuits.

Description: Patent for an apparatus for protecting electrical circuits, and is an improvement on a previous patent (No. 537,932) issued to the inventor. This patent consists of "an electrical circuit, an alarm or indicator, a continuously-operating signal-transmitter at the protected structure operating to affect or influence the alarm or indicator, and a second or duplicate continuously-operating signal-transmitter located at the watchman's station, operating in unison with the first-named signal-transmitter to affect the alarm or indicator equally and oppositely as regards the first-named transmitter, whereby a signal is sounded or an alarm given only when the two transmitters are out of unison or when one is changed, varied, or interfered with in an unauthorized manner" (lines 72-86).
Date: January 7, 1896
Creator: Oram, John M.
Item Type: Patent


Description: Patent for "an apparatus for emptying sandboxes of locomotives" (lines 13-14) "operated by compressed air to elevate and discharge sand, water, &c." (lines 10-11).
Date: October 30, 1900
Creator: Butler, Thomas
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus for Raising and Lowering Wagon Bodies.

Description: Patent for a new and improved wagon jack. This design consists "[i]n a wagon body raiser, the combination of vertical supports, a lever pivotally supported therefrom between its ends and having a roller in one end, a shaft adapted to be secured to one end of the body, a cord having one end connected with the same end of the body as the shaft and passing over the roller and its opposite end attached to the shaft, and a cord attached to the opposite end of the body and to the adjacent end of the lever" (lines 69-78).
Date: December 9, 1890
Creator: Scott, Eugene Edward
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus for Recutting Files.

Description: Patent for a new and improved file re-cutter. This design consists "[i]n an apparatus for recutting files by electro-chemical action, the dialectric plates and the carbon plates having their upper ends attached to said non-conducting plates, whereby the files to be recut are disposed between the carbon plates when in the solution" (lines 76-82).
Date: April 5, 1887
Creator: Emley, James E.
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus For Refining Crude Petroleum

Description: Patent for an apparatus for refining crude petroleum. This invention seeks to process oil containing burned, scorched, or charred particles. Illustration included.
Date: January 29, 1901
Creator: O'Neall, James M.
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus for Removing Cores from Cylindrical Cotton-Bales.

Description: Patent for a "means for removing screw-threaded cores from cylindrical cotton-bales" (lines 12-14). It is made up of a wheeled-truck that is holding the bale, an apparatus that grips the end of the core, a way to revolve the grip, a driven shaft, and a universal joint that connects the shaft with the end of the core.
Date: December 31, 1895
Creator: White, Charles W.
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus for Retailing Shot.

Description: Patent for a new and improved round dispenser. This design "consists in a receptacle or multiple bin the several compartments of which are provided with valves controlling exit-openings, whereby any desired quantity of shot, descending by gravity from the appropriate compartment, may be directed into the scale-pan of a scale without the necessity of lifting the receptacle or bin or any part of its contents" (lines 35-43).
Date: September 21, 1880
Creator: Stokes, Micajah
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus for Scouring Water-Ways.

Description: Patent for an improved apparatus for scouring water-ways by using water-discharge pipes and air-discharge pipes arranged at each side of the vessel. When “vessel is slowly moved forward while the water and air forcing pumps are working,..... direct force of the water-jets and air-jets will agitate and scatter and lift the dislodged particles and float them much higher and longer than would be the case were the water-jet pipes alone used.” (Lines 63-75) Illustration is included.
Date: March 31, 1891
Creator: Holden, Elbridge G.
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus for Separating Molasses from Sugar.

Description: Patent for " invented certain new and useful Improvements in Apparatus for Separating Molasses from Sugar" (lines 5-7) including instructions and illustrations.
Date: December 6, 1892
Creator: Ellis, Emmett A.
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus for Sizing Ores or for Other Uses

Description: Patent for an apparatus for sizing ores. This invention is to "accomplish and accurate or approximately accurate sizing or classification of ores or granular materials in a rapid and thorough manner and with as large a capacity as possible" (line 15-19) illustrations included.
Date: January 30, 1902
Creator: Swain, Seth Russell
Item Type: Patent

Apparatus for Stamping Envelopes

Description: Patent for "a means whereby with one motion a stamp will be supplied from the'apparatus, moistened, and placed in position upon a letter, wrapper, or parcel adapted to receive it, and wherein a number of stamps may be consecutively placed when and as desired" (lines 10-15).
Date: September 24, 1889
Creator: Helland, Hans & Matzow, Frantz
Item Type: Patent