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Cotton-Cleaning Apparatus.

Description: Patent for a cotton-cleaning apparatus made up of "a stationary foraminous case or drum having an inlet-opening in the upper side of its small end, a rotary shaft extending centrally through the case or drum and having a plurality of spirally-arranged at the large end of the foraminous case and having a discharge-pipe for conveying the cotton to the point where it is to be deposited or discharged - as, for instance, into gins or gin-feeders" (lines 9-19). The cotton goes in one end, the cotton is elevated, beater-arms move the cotton along, and fans drive the cotton to the gins.
Date: October 8, 1895
Creator: Murray, Stephen D.

Cotton Conveying and Cleaning Apparatus.

Description: Patent for improvements in cotton conveying and cleaning apparatus by using the combination of “a rearwardly-open feeder and a conveyer in position to receive cotton discharge at the rear of the feeder” (lines 103-105), as a result when a conveyer bring “cotton to the feeder, it would provide a branch in position to take up the cotton delivered by the conveyer” (lines 106-108) thus preventing undue accumulation of excess cotton and continuous movement of the cotton in all the parts. Illustration is included.
Date: May 5, 1891
Creator: Elam, William E.; Thomas, Robert S. & Hardwick, Saunie W.

Cotton Conveying and Cleaning Apparatus.

Description: Patent for a new and improved conveyer and cleaner of cotton. This design consists, "with the cotton pneumatic tube and the fan for producing an air-current therein, of the branch-tubes connecting the segments of the tube first named, the cotton-arresting screens, the enlarged mouth upon the tube-segment opposite the fan, the rotating cylinder mounted between said branches, the wings thereon completely filling, with the cylinder, the upper portion of the mouth and sweeping over the faces of the screens, the flexible valve, and the spring-actuated gate closing that part of the mouth" (lines 14-25).
Date: March 11, 1890
Creator: Elam, William E.


Description: Patent for a cotton-cultivator that brings unevenly planted cotton plants to "stand" quickly, effectively, and without much effort. "Five or more stands can be obtained at one operation of the machine" (lines 23-25).
Date: January 30, 1894
Creator: Nehrmeyer, Henry

Cotton Elevator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cotton elevator. This design consists in "[t]he combination, with a frame, a suction-pipe having one end bent downward to receive the seed cotton and the other end terminating in an upwardly-extending dust flue, and a suction-fan having its suction and discharge at the periphery, of a perforated screening-cylinder, an endless belt which co-acts with the cylinder to deflect the cotton into the discharge pipe, and a blowing-fan in the latter for forcing the seed-cotton to the gins" (lines 48-58).
Date: December 24, 1889
Creator: Swinnerton, James

Cotton-Elevator and Gin-Feeder.

Description: Patent for an inexpensive cotton-elevator and gin-feeder that is easy to assemble and have removable screens and suspended chutes and feeders. Suction draws the cotton through the distributing trunk, and gravity drops the cotton into a gin. These concepts are also outlined in the inventor's previous patents, Nos 472,607 and 488,446.
Date: May 26, 1896
Creator: Murray, Stephen A.


Description: Patent for cotton feeders to facilitate the replacement of feed rollers without damage to the cotton feeder and be disposed of efficiently, including illustrations and instructions.
Date: February 13, 1912
Creator: Murray, Stephen D.


Description: Patent for a "new and useful Improvements in Cotton-Gins" (lines 4-5) with description and drawings. Improvements include a "lint-removing mechanism and designed...especially for reginning or delinting cotton-seed" (lines 13-15) and the abiity to stop the float and delinting process instantly.
Date: September 12, 1905
Creator: Wilson, Ralph E.


Description: Patent for a cotton gin that removes lint-cotton from the saws using an air-suction mechanism instead of a brush, which pose a fire hazard and can impair the gin's effectiveness. An air-blast mechanism is also an ineffective method of cleaning lint-cotton from the saws. The air-suction mechanism sucks "the lint-cotton directly from the rear portions of the saw-teeth independently of and without a brush, and an apparatus for preventing the withdrawn lint-cotton from passing into and through the air-suction apparatus" (lines 84-89).
Date: September 29, 1896
Creator: Graber, Henry W.


Description: Patent for cotton gin, which includes a huller roller, seed bar, and seed grate to separate and remove seeds from the cotton. Ginning points/pins are used instead of saws. Due to the positioning of the ginning points/pins, the surface of the ginning cylinder in its entirety is available for ginning and there are fewer mechanical friction points.
Date: October 17, 1911
Creator: Hollingsworth, J. C.

Cotton Gin

Description: Patent for a cotton gin. This is an improvement over previous gins. The invention uses air blasting methods and dispenses with brush drums. Illustration included.
Date: May 12, 1908
Creator: Lumpkin, Robert B.

Cotton-Gin Brush

Description: Patent for "a cheap, durable, efficient, and simple brush adapted for use in cotton-gins, the parts of which may readily be assembled or detached for purposes of construction, renewal, replacement, or repair" (lines 9-14).
Date: May 28, 1889
Creator: Swann, Warner Minor & Swann, Richard Tompkins

Cotton-Gin Brush.

Description: Patent for a gin brush that operates at high speeds with a large diameter. "Centrifugal force exerts a great strain tending to dismember it, and further, if it be not at all times accurately balanced there is a tendency to spring the shaft and cause rattling in the bearings which results in rapid wear and failure to work well" (lines 13-19).
Date: March 21, 1893
Creator: Elam, William E. & Thomas, Robert S.

Cotton-Gin Feeder.

Description: Patent for improvements in cotton-gin feeders by employing an adjustable friction-wheel to operate and control the picker-rollers and the feeding-rollers. Illustration is included.
Date: March 18, 1902
Creator: Murray, Stephen D.

Cotton-Gin Feeder

Description: Patent for a new "Cotton-Gin Feeder, Drier, and Cleaner" (line 6.) for the purpose of disintegrating "dry, and clean damp and dirty seed-cotton" (lines 10-11).
Date: May 12, 1900
Creator: Brown, Charles William