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Improvement in Shackles.

Description: Patent for a shackle for the hands and feet that is designed to prevent the use of objects in order to escape.
Date: September 30, 1870
Creator: Belcher, Melvin Anderson & Perrenot, George Francis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Furnaces.

Description: Patent for improvements in furnaces, using steam to create heat. It includes a description and illustration.
Date: April 12, 1870
Creator: Morris, Joseph R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Saws.

Description: Patent for improvement in saws by way of the construction of beveled edged teeth with concave sides.
Date: April 26, 1870
Creator: Littlepage, C. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Refining and Ageing Liquors.

Description: Patent for improvement in refining and ageing liquors, including an illustration. The process includes expelling air from distilled liquors, heating them to a boiling point and then cooling them in a waterbath, through the use of a closed, air-tight vessel surrounded by an open water-vessel.
Date: May 10, 1870
Creator: Gilman, Samuel H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Baling Presses.

Description: Patent for improvements to "the construction and combination of the levers, rack-bars, and pawls with each other, and with the follower and baling-box" (lines 15-17).
Date: May 10, 1870
Creator: Stroud, Bryant F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvements in Electric Foot Warmers.

Description: Patent for adjustments in the mechanics of electric foot warmers.
Date: May 17, 1870
Creator: Littlepage, Caleb
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Pitmen.

Description: Patent for "a new and and useful Improvment in Crank and Pitman;" (lines 3-5) including instructions and illustrations.
Date: May 17, 1870
Creator: Kealy, Thomas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Ox-Bows.

Description: Patent for improvements to ox-bows so that they "shall not require bending, and which may be made in parts of the country where timber suitable for bending is scarce" (lines 9-12).
Date: May 24, 1870
Creator: Moore, Alfred L. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improved Head-Rest.

Description: Patent for a new and improved head-rest for railroad-car seats and other seats, that can be applied to or removed from the back of seats without the use of clamp-screws, and are adjustable and adaptable to the convenience and comfort of different persons. It includes a description and illustrations.
Date: May 31, 1870
Creator: Littlepage, Caleb V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Combined Sower, Planter, Cultivator, Scraper, and Gang-Plow.

Description: Patent for "a strong, simple, durable, and effective machine, which shall be so constructed and arranged that it may be readily adjusted for use as a gang plow, seed-sower, seed-planter, cultivator, and cotton-scrape, and which will do its work thoroughly and well in either capacity." Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: June 7, 1870
Creator: Eddleman, James P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Boiler Washing Machine.

Description: Patent for "Improved Washing Machine" in combination with a boiler, "and with a furnace on which the boiler rests".
Date: June 28, 1870
Creator: Cottingham, Gideon W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Saw Tooth

Description: Patent for "Improvement in Saw Teeth" (line 3)
Date: July 12, 1870
Creator: Littlepage, Caleb V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improved Side-Saddle.

Description: Patent for "a new and useful improvement in side-saddles, and consists in forming the saddle-tress hollow, or with air-chambers within." (Lines 9-11) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: July 26, 1870
Creator: Smith, Fenwick
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Carriage-Axles.

Description: Patent for an easily replaceable and self-lubricating carriage axle. Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: July 26, 1870
Creator: Hall, William N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Two-Horse Equalizers.

Description: Patent for an adjustable device that redistributes weight so that two animals of unequal strength can perform their equal share of work. Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: August 2, 1870
Creator: Sims, Zachariah B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Cotton and Hay-Presses

Description: Patent for a new and useful improvement in cotton and hay-presses. It includes a description and an illustration.
Date: August 9, 1870
Creator: Stopple, Charles W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Gun-Locks.

Description: Patent for "a novel application of hair-trigger catch to the main trigger, which operates together with a holder and separate springs." (Lines 30-33) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: August 16, 1870
Creator: Deutz, Joseph
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improved Bedstead-Fastening

Description: Patent for improvements in the mode of fastening the rail to the post of bedsteads.
Date: August 16, 1870
Creator: Maulding, Pres.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Coffee-Mills.

Description: Patent for an improvement to upright coffee-mills, "whereby the bearings are always maintained in their true relative positions, while the strain on the two is made automatically counteracting, and each part of the shell firmly and effectually supported by the other." (Lines 10-14) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: August 16, 1870
Creator: Richer, Francois Charles
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Cotton-Pickers.

Description: Patent for a cotton-picking machine that "consists in a set of saws mounted on a truck, and geared with the driving-wheels, to run in the tops of the plants...and detach the cotton and convey it to a brushing-roller above, which detaches the cotton from the saws and delivers it into a receptacle behind." (Lines 10-17) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: August 23, 1870
Creator: McRae, Daniel M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Combined Gang-Plow and Cultivator

Description: Patent for a new gang-plow and cultivator design, including instructions and illustrations.
Date: August 23, 1870
Creator: Thornton, Sterling C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Cotton-Presses.

Description: Patent for a cotton press that is constructed using fewer parts than other models. Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: August 30, 1870
Creator: Knowles, William Wadsworth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department