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Development guidance for sign design standards

Description: "This two-year project was designed to provide TxDOT with comprehensive review and update of mounting details and standards for large and small sign supports, and to provide a mechanism for TxDOT to quickly and effectively evaluate and address high priority needs related to sign support systems."
Date: November 2011
Creator: Silvestri, Chiara; Arrington, Dusty R.; Bligh, Roger P. & Menges, Wanda L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characterization of exhaust emissions from heavy-duty diesel vehicles in the Houston-Galveston-Brazoria area

Description: "For this study, a total of 30 heavy-duty diesel vehicles (HDDVs) were selected from City of Houston (COH) fleet based on opacity testing for HEs and random selection for non-HEs. With the selected 30 vehicles, driving and idling emission testing were performed to characterize their emissions with respect to vehicle classes, types (HE or non-HE), and model years."
Date: October 2011
Creator: Johnson, Jeremy D.; Lee, Doh-won; Farzaneh, Reza; Zietsman, Josias & Yu, Lei
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Use of Intelligent Transportation Systems in rural work zones

Description: "This project defined an approach to integrating data collected and traveler information displayed in a work zone with a regional transportation management center and/or other state websites. The project conducted a literature review to define the state of the practice in work zone Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS; smart work zones) and worked with the Texas Department of Transportation traffic managers to identify their safety and nobility needs in a work zone and where ITS can play a role."
Date: September 2011
Creator: Middleton, Daniel R.; Brydia, Robert; Pesti, Geza; Songchitruksa, Praprut; Balke, Kevin N. & Ullman, Gerald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Landside freight access to airports : findings and case studies

Description: "Texas' airports play a large role in the national and regional movement of goods by air. This includes goods moved within the state, across the country, and internationally to several continents. Most of this movement of goods is accomplished at the largest airports in Texas. However, as freight demand grows, a time will come when other airports will need to be utilized to accommodate additional demand. Properly planned transportation infrastructure is critical to ensure the vitality of an airport's freight operations. Time-sensitive air freight requires high levels of operational efficiency, which is generally optimized by taking steps to ensure both freight and passenger roadway access within the airport boundaries. Connections and design features of regional highways near the airports are no less important because they allow access to these important economic generators. This research report identifies the issues, barriers, physical bottlenecks (e.g., infrastructure needs), and solutions (including funding mechanisms) concerning landside access to airports in Texas. Inner city airports in large metropolitan areas sometimes face roadway geometric challenges, but typically have relatively low cargo activity levels. Shipping representatives stated that wayfinding is a key characteristic in providing good landside freight access to airports. Signage needs to be visible and informative in advance of necessary turns or lane changes. Efforts need to be taken to minimize comingling of freight and passenger traffic in areas near the passenger terminals. A variety of funding opportunities exist through public, private, and shared sources to improve access to airports."
Date: August 2010
Creator: Frawley, William E.; Borowiec, Jefferey D.; Protopapa, Annie A.; Morgan, Curtis Alan & Warner, Jeffery E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Peer grouping and performance measurement to improve rural and urban transit in Texas

Description: "Rural and small urban transit systems in Texas will become even more important with predicted changes in population trends. Rural demographic trends indicate growth in the number of persons age 65 and over coupled with a decrease in population density. Small urban area trends indicate substantial population growth and broadened geographic boundaries, yet resources to provide rural and small urban transit are limited. Therefore, transit managers find it is increasingly important to maximize service efficiency and effectiveness. The purpose of this research was to identify peer groups, performance benchmarks, and strategies used by successful transit providers to achieve high performance. The research project identifies peer groups based on the transit environment within which each agency operates, so that agencies can be compared to other operators who face similar environments. Peer group effectiveness and efficiency performance are examined within and between rural and urban peer groups, and high performers are identified for case studies. Through the case studies, key attributes are identified for achieving high operating efficiency and/or effectiveness. Performance strategies are categorized to provide transit providers with transferrable information to improve performance and increase the return on transit investment."
Date: September 2010
Creator: Arndt, Jeffrey C.; Edrington, Suzie; Sandidge, Matthew; Quadrifoglio, Luca & Perkins, Judy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Prototype design for a predictive model to improve evacuation operations : technical report

Description: "This project focused primarily on the specific issue of developing a new technical tool to help TxDOT and other key operating agencies/stakeholders better predict when major elements of evacuation operations should be implemented."
Date: March 2011
Creator: Henk, Russell H.; Songchitruksa, Praprut; Venglar, Steven & Lim, Gino
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development of precast bridge deck overhang system: technical report

Description: "The testing and analyses documented in this report (0-6100-3) provides a new equation for determining the number of shear pockets required for the various shear connector/coupler systems evaluated in this research. This equation was used to determine the number of shear pockets required for the newer TxDOT girders."
Date: February 2010
Creator: Kim, Young Hoon & Trejo, David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Treatments to reduce the frequency of freeway exit sign hits

Description: "Exit gore signs present a significant maintenance challenge for TxDOT. There is concern regarding the safety of personnel working in gore areas to replace these signs, and the resources necessary for continual maintenance. The objective of this project was to identify and evaluate alternative methods that may reduce the number of sign hits. Researchers visited several sites with safety problems related to frequent sign hits, determined factors that contribute to sign crashes, and recommended potential treatments. They also evaluated the impact of eliminating exit gore signs at locations where appropriate advance warning with overhead exit signs are provided. Field studies were conducted at two freeway exits in Corpus Christi, Texas. It was found that the lack of exit gore signs at the two freeway exits did not have any negative consequences in terms of vehicle speeds, deceleration behavior, and erratic maneuvers."
Date: January 2011
Creator: Pesti, Geza; Oben-Boampong, Kwaku; Songchitruksa, Praprut & Theiss, LuAnn
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mobility and economic effects of system investments in Texas: 2010 to 2020

Description: "The report summarizes estimates of the consequences of current funding levels and a range of greater and lesser funding amounts. The report describes the population, travel, system extent and expenditure data and analyses used to develop the mobility and economic effect analyses. An associated study by the Center for Transportation Research analyzed pavement maintenance spending and condition. Both the mobility and pavement studies were used as part of the March 2011 Texas 2030 Committee report."
Date: August 2011
Creator: Lomaz, Tim
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development of a model performance-based sign sheeting specification based on the evaluation of nighttime traffic signs using legibility and eye-tracker data : data and analysis

Description: "This report presents data and technical analyses for Texas Department of Transportation Project 0-5235. This project focused on the evaluation of traffic sign sheeting performance in terms of meeting the nighttime driver needs. The goal was to develop a nighttime driver needs specification for traffic signs. Full information on the project is presented in Report 0-5235-1 Volume 1."
Date: September 2009
Creator: Carlson, Paul J.; Park, Eun Sug & Miles, Jeffrey D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Freight Shuttle System : advancing commercial readiness

Description: This report summarizes the results of research aimed at advancing the commercial readiness of a new hybrid mode of inter-modal freight transportation called the Freight Shuttle System (FSS).
Date: November 2010
Creator: Roop, Stephen S.; Ragab, Ayman H.; Olson, Leslie E.; Protopapa, Annie A.; Yager, Michael A.; Morgan, Curtis Alan et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Non-vital advance rail preemption of signalized intersections near highway-rail grade crossings

Description: The Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) primarily uses simultaneous preemption of traffic signals near highway-rail grade crossings to clear queued vehicles prior to the arrival of a train at the crossing. At some intersections, 20 seconds of advanced warning may not be sufficient to allow the traffic signal to clear pedestrians using the normal clearance intervals between phases. The research developed an alternative method (non-vital advance preemption) of ensuring adequate pedestrian clearance in the presence of an approaching train without interfering with the normal preemption sequence at the intersection or installing costly additional track circuitry needed to provide advance preemption. Two strategies were investigated to ensure pedestrian clearance time. The first utilizes a lower-level preemption sequence to guarantee full pedestrian clearance to a terminating phase before the traffic signal starts the preemption sequence. The second strategy uses the pedestrian-omit feature to prevent the controller from activating the pedestrian interval if there is not sufficient time in advance of the start of the preemption sequence to provide full pedestrian clearance.
Date: June 2007
Creator: Balke, Kevin N.; Engelbrecht, Roelof Johannes & Ruback, Leonard G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Manual for Assessing Safety Hardware test 3-10 on 31-inch W-beam guardrail with standard offset blocks

Description: "The test reported herein corresponds to American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Manual for Assessing Safety Hardware (MASH) test 3-10. This is primarily a severity test that assesses risk of injury to the vehicle occupants."
Date: November 2010
Creator: Abu-Odeh, Akram Y.; Menges, Wanda L. & Bligh, Roger P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Incorporating sustainability into Texas Department of Transportation's transportation decision making : summary of work performed, methods used and results achieved

Description: "This report summarized the work performed in Fiscal Year (FY) 2009 and 2010 under TxDOT Implementation Project 5-5541-01-"Regional Workshops on Sustainability Enhancement Tool."
Date: October 2010
Creator: Zietsman, Josias; Eisele, William L. & Ramani, Tara L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Delivery of workshops on corridor management and preservation in Texas

Description: "This report summarizes the delivery and outcome of a series of workshops conducted at 23 Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) districts across the state on corridor management and preservation in Texas. The workshops served as follow-up implementation work for research project 0-5606, "Creating Partnerships with Local Communities to Manage and Preserve Corridors." The report provides an overview of the project and documents the dates, locations, and attendance of workshops implemented during the three-year project period."
Date: September 2010
Creator: Bochner, Brian S. & Hard, Edwin N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Studies to determine the effectiveness of longitudinal channelizing devices in work zones

Description: "This report describes the methodology and results of analyses performed to determine whether the following longitudinal channelizing device (LCD) applications improve the traffic safety and operations of work zones relative to the use of standard drums."
Date: October 2010
Creator: Finley, Melisa D.; Theiss, LuAnn; Trout, Nada D.; Miles, Jeffrey D. & Nelson, Alicia A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improving stop line detection using video imaging detectors

Description: "The Texas Department of Transportation and other state departments of transportation as well as cities nationwide are using video detection successfully at signalized intersections. However, operational issues with video imaging vehicle detection systems (VIVDS) products occur at some locations. The resulting issues vary but have included: camera contrast loss resulting in max-recall operation, failure to detect vehicles leading to excessive delay and red-light violations, and degraded detection accuracy during nighttime hours. This research resulted in the development of a formalized VIVDS test protocol and a set of performance measures that agencies can incorporate in future purchase orders and use to uniformly evaluate VIVDS products. It also resulted in the development of a VIVDS video library and conceptual plans for a field laboratory for future projects to deploy a range of VIVDS products at an operational signalized intersection. Researchers evaluated alternative VIVDS stop line detection designs and developed methods for enhancing the operation of VIVDS through adjustments in controller settings for day versus night versus transition periods, zone placement, and camera placement."
Date: August 2009
Creator: Middleton, Daniel R.; Longmire, Ryan; Charar, Hassan; Bullock, Darcy & Bonneson, James A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Collision Loads on Bridge Piers: Phase 2. Report of Guidelines for Designing Bridge Piers and Abutments for Vehicle Collisions

Description: "An instrumented, simulated bridge pier was constructed, and two full-scale collisions with an 80,000-lb van-type tractor-trailer were performed on it. The trailer was ballasted with bags of sand on pallets. The simulated pier was 36 inches in diameter and was supported in the longitudinal direction by two load cells. Force-versus-time data were obtained from the load cells."
Date: March 2011
Creator: Buth, Eugene; Brackin, Michael S.; Williams, William F. & Fry, Gary T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of climate change on crop production patterns with implications to transport flows and inland waterways

Description: "This report analyzed the demand for transportation capacity and changes in transportation flows on inland waterways due to shifts in crop production patterns induced by climate change."
Date: December 2011
Creator: Vedenov, Dmitry V.; Fuller, Stephen W.; McCarl, Cruce A.; Attavanich, Witsanu & Ahmedov, Zafarbek
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Alternative methods for developing external travel survey data

Description: The Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) has a comprehensive on-going travel survey program that supports the travel demand models being developed for transportation planning efforts in urban areas throughout Texas. One component of the survey program is the external travel survey. External travel surveys provide data on travel movements into, out of, and through urban areas. In recent years, there has been a heightened sensitivity to the methods used to collect external survey data as well as the type of data that is collected. This research examines alternative methods for collecting data on external travel movements and evaluates the potential for synthesizing/modeling external travel in lieu of conducting external surveys. The research will provide recommendations to TxDOT on the most viable methods to estimate external travel movements for use in travel demand models in urban areas in Texas.
Date: October 2010
Creator: Farnsworth, Stephen; Talbot, Eric; Songchitruksa, Praprut; Reeder, Phillip & Pearson, David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Estimated impacts of the 2010 census on the Texas transit funding formula

Description: Changes in the population and land area of urbanized areas in Texas will play a significant role in determining the allocation of public transportation funds to service providers in Texas after Census 2010. The purpose of this research report is to review the impacts of the changes in urbanized area population and non-urbanized (rural) population and land area for 2010 on the current Texas Transit Funding Formula for allocation of Federal Section 5311 and state rural and urban funds. This collaborative effort between the Texas Transportation Institute and the Institute for Demographic and Socioeconomic Research at the University of Texas at San Antonio draws upon the complementary expertise of public Transportation planners, demographers, and geographic information systems professionals of the two research organizations. The research project identifies areas with the potential to exceed 200,000 in population and those non-urbanized areas that have potential to become urbanized (over 50,000 people) in 2010. The implications of these changes will be examined relative to the current public transportation funding allocations. The research staff provides a comprehensive assessment of these changes for the state as a whole and for individual transit service providers.
Date: September 2010
Creator: Eschbach, Karl; Cline, Michael; Cherrington, Linda Kay; Edrington, Suzie; Ellis, Patricia & Kraus, Edgar
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Field and laboratory investigations for Full Depth Reclamation projects

Description: Full-depth reclamation (FDR) offers a timely, cost-effective solution to restore a pavement's condition. However, FDR represents only one technique in the engineer's toolkit available for addressing deteriorating pavement conditions. The purpose of this project is to provide guidance on determining whether a pavement is a candidate for FDR and, if so, what design, construction, and inspection processes will maximize the performance of the completed reclamation. This report presents initial recommendations for selecting a candidate FDR project and developing design options (including field sampling and lab design protocols). Along with a literature review, these recommendations are illustrated by application on several projects in the Texas Department of Transportation's Austin and Dallas Districts.
Date: March 2011
Creator: Sebesta, Stephen; Scullion, Thomas & Estakhri, Cindy K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department