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Our Duty to Young Folk

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. This particular sermon chart begins with God's instruction to Abraham to teach his children. The preacher then elaborates upon the Biblical imperative to instruct and indoctrinate children in the way of God. He spends considerable time in Deuteronomy and Proverbs and cites disastrous examples from the Bible when such instruction went unheeded. He concludes the sermon by citing similar passages from the epistles. He refers to [Robert G.] Ingersoll, noted 19th c agnostic as a counter-example of the influence parents have on children. His emphatic conclusion, lettered large and in red, asks, "Who will be Leaders of Tomorrow?"
Date: [1900..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Salvation of Noah-Type

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. This particular sermon chart employs typology, an interpretive strategy by which a single concept (in this case salvation) is explained by way of noting similarities between two persons (in this case Noah and the hearers of the sermon). Assuming unity and consistency of the Biblical message, typological interpretation one example serves as a pattern by which or lens through which another is interpreted. For this preacher, the key Biblical text is 1 Peter 3:19-20. It appears considerable time is spent in developing the plan of salvation, particularly baptism.
Date: [1900..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Can Folk Be Saved Out of Church?

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. Using this particular sermon chart, as the preacher reads down the pages, first the left, then the right page, he traces the meaning of identity in the people of God. He moves quickly to the church, citing Ephesians 1 and Colossians 1. This sermon explores, if only in a basic way, a common understanding of ecclesiology, or the doctrine of the church, among Churches of Christ. By employing imagery of the large book, presumably a Bible, as the backdrop for the chart contents, the preacher reinforces a notion that he speaks only from the Bible. In this way the chart reflects both a doctrinal commitments, but also a persuasive rhetorical strategy.
Date: [1900..1960]
Creator: Villines, Frank (1899-1979)
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Can All Understand Bible Alike

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. In this particular sermon chart, affirming first that a "guide [is] needed" the preacher stresses the Bible is intended for "plain" or "common folk." Confident of humanity's capacity to "understand" and given the simple nature of the Bible, he stresses therefore that "God demands" humans to be "of one mind" as was the "early church." If his hearers will reject "prejudice", "creeds" and their "lack of study' they too can be "one."
Date: [1900..1960]
Creator: Villines, Frank (1899-1979)
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Compromise--Types

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. An eight-point sermon with forty-seven citations of Bible texts, this particular sermon chart develops several aspects of "compromise." The root issue for the preacher is the distinctive identity of the Church of Christ: separate from the "world", "human machinery", "union meetings [with other religious groups, specifically "Jews, Catholics, Mormons"]" and "pleasures." The sermon is addressed to church members and therefore is hortatory: do not "compromise." Yet the sermon ends with an evangelistic thrust in points VII and VIII. The preacher appeals to men who say "let women & children go." He appeals to any hearer to "take your stand" before it is "too late."
Date: [1900..1960]
Creator: Villines, Frank (1899-1979)
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Resurrection of Christ

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. This particular sermon chart illustrates a sermon in four points. The main thrusts of each are: Jesus was "really dead", the tomb was empty, was the resurrection a "vision or hallucination?" and the many witnesses of the life and ministry of Jesus. The final point transitions into an appeal based on the evidence presented. Affirming from the four points that Jesus' "right to authority' is unquestionable, the preacher finally "declares our faith" urging hearers to "...obey him...live for Him and be Ready."
Date: [1900..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Love For The Truth of God

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. In this particular sermon chart, the story of Ahab (King of Israel) and the prophet Micaiah in 1 Kings 22 form the introduction to this sermon. In it Micaiah speaks truth to power, inciting the king's hatred. Citing numerous examples from the Bible wherein, like Ahab, truth was despised by some character in the story, the preacher affirms "truth is important." He relishes from the Psalms the beauty of truth, working ultimately to the conclusion that the Bible "all the truth" as given to the apostles. It remains then to "obey it to be saved." The chart's backdrop, presumably an open Bible, adds strength to the sermon's persuasive power further conveying that the Bible is truth and that the sermon is derived solely from the Bible.
Date: [1900..1960]
Creator: Villines, Frank (1899-1979)
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Little Red String

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. This particular sermon chart is very likely designed to attract attention and pique inters, and the "little red string" becomes a metaphor for the importance of precision obedience. The central motif "marks of identity" is especially important to the preacher; his wish is that his hearers "hang up blood line in our life, Eph. 1:7." Just as Rahab (see Joshua 6:18) obeyed using "not white [or] yellow [but] red string," so modern believers must likewise precisely obey God in the matters detailed on the chart's right column.
Date: [1900..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Heaven

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. This particular sermon chart is one of the simpler charts in the collection, titled only "Heaven." It presents fifty-nine citations of Bible texts with short descriptions or phrases from each. In this sermon the preacher rarely moves outside of these citations. He brings two questions before the audience: "[Will we] Know each other There?" and "When [will] We Go There?" Recognition among humans in heaven is at least "different" from earthly knowledge. More specifically "no apostles ever talked about family reunions." The answer to his second question is "not until the "Resurrection [and] Judgment." The conclusion is evangelistic and hortatory: "Get ready before too late!"
Date: [1900..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Supreme, Universal, Final Authority of Christ

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. On this particular sermon chart, the stylized hands flanking the cross, with fingers pointing to it, emphasize the sermon's main point. The colored lettering emphasizes, strikingly, the same point. Setting up a contrast against the three branches of the US Federal Government (Legislative-Judicial-Executive), the preacher declares Christ is "LORD of ALL" and "HEAD in ALL."
Date: [1900..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

The Gospel Paul Preached

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. Using bold black letters with red Bible citations and gold highlighting, this particular sermon chart outlines the essential characteristics and contours and content of Paul's preaching. The sermon moves from the divine origin of Paul's message with its cross-centered focus to delineate its several aspects and implications. The right column transitions to a presentation of the 'plan of salvation.' Grounding it first in the "blood of Christ" and in the proclamation of the gospel (rather than any "direct work" of the Holy Spirit), the preacher "persuade[s] all to be Christians." Marked by gold flourishes, the preacher emphasizes the plan of salvation, especially so concerning baptism. He concludes by inviting introspection, asking "Is this what YOU did?"
Date: [1900..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

What Think Ye of Christ?

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. In this particular sermon chart, the preacher marshals nine types of evidence to build a case for faith in and obedience to Christ. The evidence he uses is first the testimony of a series of Jesus' enemies, followed by that of his friends and himself. Following this are prophecy, miracles, additional friendly testimony and angelic testimony. Approaching the climax the preacher recites divine testimony and even nature itself. You have "all to gain; nothing to lose" as he exhorts his audience. You are either "for him or against him..."
Date: [1900..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Saved by Grace-Eph 2:8

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. In this particular sermon chart, the preacher understands grace to be the organizing principle undergirding the seven means of salvation cited in the upper left column. Each appears to emerge from grace. Next the preacher presents the plan of salvation ([H]ear, [B]elieve, [R]epent, [C]onfess, [B]aptism) as it was also practiced by the Ephesians. Further, Paul was also "saved by grace" in this manner. It appears the second set of abbreviations stand for faith, repentance, baptism and obedience in the grace and blood of Christ. The final appeal, "Why should his great love -- grace -- blood be in vain?" draws the hearers to the point of decision and closes the sermon on an evangelistic note.
Date: [1900..1960]
Creator: Villines, Frank (1899-1979)
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

What Kind of Hearers Are You?

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. In this particular sermon chart, using green-lettered descriptors or phrases set off against purple Bible citations, the preacher organizes a series of examples from across the Biblical canon. Beginning with Adam, Cain and the Flood, he proceeds to Jesus' parables with additional examples from the Hebrew Bible (Balaam and Naaman). The right column is shaded in a hortatory tone, moving through numerous examples to an emphatic conclusion. The preacher having stated the facts clearly and citing James 4:17 (To one who knows the right thing to do and does not do it, to him it is sin), asks "Do You Know Your Duty?"
Date: [1900..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

General, Future, Final Judgment

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. A sermon in ten points, this particular sermon chart straightforwardly lists various aspects of judgment. There appears to be no unifying theme running through the ten categories that demands of them their particular sequence. The preacher cites seventy-two total Bible passages.
Date: [1900..1960]
Creator: Villines, Frank (1899-1979)
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Divine and Human Sides of Salvation

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. On this particular sermon chart, the left column develops the initiative taken by God for human salvation. Drawing from several texts, the center of gravity in the preacher's thought appears to be 'grace.' The human side, in a word, is subsumed under 'faith.' Two ideas recur in both columns: one, a question: "Does grace forbid or demand obedience?" while the other states God "is dependent/depends" on humans. In his "grace" God offers a "plan" by which in "faith" persons acquire salvation. In the sermon's inner logic humans depends on God for grace, and God depends on persons for obedience to his plan. Together, grace, blood, faith and obedience secure salvation. The conclusion ties these concepts together.
Date: [1900..1960]
Creator: Villines, Frank (1899-1979)
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Three Types of Churches

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. In this particular sermon chart, Mickey compares and contrasts two streams within the Stone-Campbell Movement. He marshals Biblical data in the center column under rubrics of name, organization, doctrine and worship. Against this data to its left he contrasts in bullet points the practice of "First Christian," or the emerging Christian Church (Disciples of Christ); to its right he compares the acapella Churches of Christ. This chart portrays how division in a religious tradition was perceived and communicated in sermonic form in a congregational setting.
Date: [1943..1959]
Creator: Mickey, Wayne & Mickey, Wayne
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

The Holy Spirit's Work in Revelation

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. The thrust of this particular sermon engages the question of how the Holy Spirit operates and communicates to persons today. Citing examples of the Spirit's "direct operation" through prophets, Christ and the apostles, in the past the preacher ultimately moves to the Bible as the source of guidance and the location of the Holy Spirit's on-going work today.
Date: [1970..1990]
Creator: Burtch, Kenneth & Burtch, Kenneth
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Hinged on the Cross

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. This particular sermon chart uses the metaphor of the cross as a hinge, and allows the preacher to move from the "dawn" of time to its "end." In this sweeping description of the essence of time and God's work in it, the preacher discuss what "lead[s] to Christ' and from the cross what "lead[s] to God" until the end. The cross therefore is a pivotal moment in the center of time; it functions as a center of gravity tying the narrative into coherence. It is not clearly apparent if there is a direct correlation between the pairs of planks to the left and right of the cross. "God's love," however, runs throughout the narrative. This chart derives from Dillard Thurman, "Hinged on a Cross" [chart with article] The Vindicator 30 (October 1963), 1-4.
Date: [1970..1990]
Creator: Burtch, Kenneth & Burtch, Kenneth
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

The Right to the Tree of Life

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. The narrative flow of this sermon chart proceeds from the tree of life in the Biblical Garden of Eden (left) to the tree of life in heaven at the end of time (right). The tree has been "transplant[ed]." In the mean time, there is a play off of truth and falsehood, again drawing from the account of Eve's believing a lie in the Garden of Eden and applied to modern times by way of citation from 2 Thessalonians. The alternative to persisting in lies is to "purify [one's] soul by obeying the truth." Just as one can hear, believe and obey a lie (and be "lost in sin"), so can one hear, believe and obey the truth (and be saved from sin). Such constitutes the sermon's central exhortation.
Date: [1970..1990]
Creator: Burtch, Kenneth & Burtch, Kenneth
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

How to Obey the Gospel

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. In this particular sermon chart, the preacher demonstrates, in a parallel fashion (from Romans 6:1-18) that in baptism one obeys the gospel. Baptism in this way reflects back upon Christ's death, burial and resurrection. The results of baptism are "free[dom] from sin."
Date: [1970..1990]
Creator: Burtch, Kenneth
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

It Is No Secret

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. The key text for this sermon chart appears at the foot of the cross, Romans 10;17. Two figures flank the cross, Noah to the left and Naaman to the right. Both are biblical figures and both are accompanied with appropriate textual citations. On the cross is a serpent, citing Number 21:6-9, representing the salvation of Israel in the time of Moses. The question put before the hearers of the sermon is, will you obey God like Noah, Naaman and Israel did?
Date: [1970..1990]
Creator: Burtch, Kenneth & Burtch, Kenneth
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

The Royal Priesthood

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. This particular sermon chart contrasts the Levitical priesthood (figure on the left) with "every Christian" on the right, citing ten Biblical passages. The major point of the sermon is to demonstrate that every Christian is a priest before God and that the elements of the Levitical priesthood (cited specifically is "animal sacrifice") are no longer in effect for "every Christian."
Date: [1970..1990]
Creator: Burtch, Kenneth & Burtch, Kenneth
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

The Christian Race

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. This unusually graphic sermon chart gets its inspiration from II Timothy 4:7, describing the Christian's walk as a race. The church is depicted as an arena, with Christians on the track--some persevering and some falling to various doubts and temptations. Individuals outside of the arena represent the "rest of the world" that is outside the church. On an interesting note, all individuals drawn are caucasian males. It is conceivable that this chart was made for a week-long meeting.
Date: [1940..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library