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Mexican Refugees

Description: Photograph of Mexican refugees fleeing to Marfa to escape Pancho Villa in 1914. Some are on foot, some are on horseback and some ride in wagons.
Date: 1914
Creator: Arnold, Herbert J.
Partner: Marfa Public Library

Captured Bandits #1

Description: Copy negative of a U. S. soldier and two captured Mexican bandits standing in a field during the Pancho Villa raids. There is a note written at the bottom of the picture.
Date: unknown
Partner: Hardin-Simmons University Library

Captured Bandits #2

Description: Copy negative of a U. S. soldier and two captured Mexican bandits standing in a field during the Pancho Villa raids. There is a note written at the bottom of the picture.
Date: unknown
Partner: Hardin-Simmons University Library

[Jose Chavarria and the Soldiers]

Description: Paper written for a history class at Marfa High School in 1968 by Ernest Mediano. The paper describes a scene in a photo where some cavalry soldiers are asking his grandfather Jose Chavarria to sell them a horse in Ruidosa, Texas. The soldiers were charged with keeping Pancho Villa out of the United States.
Date: 1968
Creator: Mediano, Ernest
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Mexican refugees being loaded on trains]

Description: Photograph of Mexican refugees fleeing during Pancho Villa's attacks. A large group of people are being loaded onto a flatbed train car; on the right, one unidentified man is helping a woman onto the train. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The people were loaded onto railroad cars and sent to El Paso to be relocated in Mexico near Juarez. Finally, in 1920, when Carranza was ousted as President of Mexico, Pancho Villa made peace with the government" (p. 9).
Date: unknown
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Mexican refugees fleeing from Pancho Villa]

Description: Photograph of Mexican refugees fleeing during Pancho Villa's attacks. Several groups of Mexican refugees are seated on the ground and mules are wandering around the camp; men in suits are visiting with the refugees. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "At one time ten thousand frightened Mexican refugees flooded into Marfa trying to escape Villa's depredations" (p. 9).
Date: unknown
Partner: Marfa Public Library

Soldiers Cremating Dead Bandits #1

Description: Copy negative of a group of soldiers in a field standing behind dead bandits, with one pouring oil on them for cremation during the Pancho Villa raids. There are a few men in a wagon on the right and a man on a horse on the left.
Date: unknown
Partner: Hardin-Simmons University Library

Soldiers Cremating Dead Bandits #2

Description: Copy negative of a group of soldiers in a field standing behind dead bandits, with one pouring oil on them for cremation during the Pancho Villa raids. There are a few men in a wagon on the right and a man on a horse on the left.
Date: unknown
Partner: Hardin-Simmons University Library

Interior Tunnel with Soldiers

Description: Copy negative of a group of eight men inside Cumbre Tunnel on a small bridge and rail-car during the Pancho Villa raids. The note on the picture says, "Interior of Cumbre Tunnel where 51 lives were lost. The bandit Maximo Castillo is blamed for the disaster."
Date: unknown
Partner: Hardin-Simmons University Library

[Scene Along the Trail of Pancho Villa]

Description: The image shows a dead man lying next to a dead horse. The man faces up and is fully clothed with his pants covered in a dark stain. The man's face has been burned. A hat lies next to him. The horse next to him has been cut open and internal organs are visible.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Villa in Coahuila]

Description: Photograph of Francisco "Pancho" Villa and an unidentified man sitting down smoking, under the shade of a tree. There are several other men and at least one young boy around them. The man on the right hand side of the photo stares directly into the camera; he is holding a rifle and sporting a bandoleer. A carriage is behind the tree that Villa is leaning up against. Accompanying information identifies the photo as being taken in Coahuila, Mexico in 1920 when Villa surrendered to then interim President of Mexico, Adolfo de la Huerta.
Date: 1920~
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Partner: El Paso Public Library

Heroica defensa de Ciudad Juárez : la verdad de los hechos, caracter y valor del soldado mexicano; invasión de tropas americanas y su pronta evacuación

Description: This work provides an account of what the author terms the “heroic defense” of Ciudad Juarez against Pancho Villa’s forces. It also includes correspondence by Villa to the military garrison urging their surrender. Notably, it describes American involvement (and brief incursion into Mexico) and the Mexican embassy’s response to it in El Paso, where the work was published.
Date: 1919
Creator: Velasco, Felipe
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

[Innocent Victims of Villa's Raid 2]

Description: This postcard shows 11 deceased horses in Columbus, New Mexico. The horses lay close together. The animals are surrounded by vast desert. Image is slightly damaged by water spots and a crinkle near the top right corner.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Partner: El Paso Public Library