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[Map of the U.S.-Mexico Border from El Paso to Van Horn, Texas]

Description: Reproduction of a hand-drawn map showing the border area between Texas and Mexico from El Paso, Texas (left) to Van Horn, Texas (right). Several towns, forts, roads, and geographic features are marked primarily on the Texas side of the map. A note in the bottom-left corner of the map says "Where the Rio Grande becomes the U.S. & Mexico boundary, and flows towards the Big Bend District. It makes 1,260 miles of the international border. Much of the early history of the south-west was made along the Rio Bravo (Rio Grande) by the Spaniards. Their route was through "El Paso del Norte" the Pass of the North. This section of the border was very active during the "Border Trouble Days" of 1916 to 1920."
Date: [1920..]
Creator: Smithers, W. D. (Wilfred Dudley), 1895-1981
Location Info:
Partner: Bryan Wildenthal Memorial Library (Archives of the Big Bend)

Insurrectos on the Attack

Description: Photographs of insurrectos in a gun battle. There are four unidentified insurrectos in this photograph taking on most likely the Mexican Federal Army somewhere in Mexico.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Partner: El Paso Public Library

Border Fence

Description: Photograph of a section of bollard-style pedestrian border fence in Brownsville, Texas, with electrical boxes in the nearest section of the fence. It was erected by U.S. Homeland security in the late 2000s as part of the "Secure Fence Act of 2006."
Date: June 27, 2018
Creator: Hicks, William
Location Info:
Partner: UNT Libraries

Wounded Mexican

Description: Photograph of an unknown wounded Mexican individual. There is no accompanying information given about this photograph. The four men are carrying the wounded person to an unknown destination, perhaps to a waiting horse and wagon. The individual is presumed alive and wounded because there is no coffin and also because the top blanket is not completely draping the entire body. A train is visible in the distant background. It seems very reasonable to conclude that the wounded individual just came off that train. Another uncertainty about this photograph is whether the individual, who is being carried, is male or female. Lastly, we also do not know if the wounded person is an innocent civilian or an active participant of the Mexican Revolution.
Date: 1910/1920
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Partner: El Paso Public Library

Wounded Insurrecto

Description: Photograph of a wounded revolutionary soldier. A wounded revolutionary soldier has been taken off a train car and is being transported to an unknown location. It has been conservatively estimated that as many as 1 million people, including civilians, were killed during the Mexican Revolution. Source - Encyclopedia Americana (2003). Other sources have put the total death toll at more than 2 million.
Date: 1910/1920
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Partner: El Paso Public Library

Insurrecto Ambush

Description: Photograph of Mexican Insurrectos waiting to ambush Mexican Federal Soldiers. The insurrectos are waiting to engage Mexican Federal Troops.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Viewing the Dead]

Description: Photograph of insurrectos. The pair of insurrectos sitting on horseback are looking over the dead bodies that lay on the desert floor. There are at least five dead insurrectos visible in this photograph. In between the two men on horseback and at some distance, there are two horses without riders.
Date: 1910/1920
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Partner: El Paso Public Library

Insurrecto Ambush

Description: Photograph of Insurrectos taking aim at Mexican Federal soldiers. The accompanying information on the back of the photographs simply reads: “Mexico Revolution - Juarez.” Somewhere beyond the tree line is the enemy and these seven insurrectos are taking aim and firing at the Mexican Federal soldiers or Constitutional Soldiers who are hiding beyond this group of trees. Since there are just a few men visible in this photograph, it is very possible to conclude that this is a small scouting party or an ambush patrol that came upon a target of opportunity. One interesting point about this photograph is that are no horses visible in this photograph and that the insurrectos are using both the Winchester style rifles and the bolt action Mauser styles rifles.
Date: 1910/1920
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Partner: El Paso Public Library

Texas International Law Journal, Volume 46, Number 2, Spring 2011

Description: Journal containing "academic articles, essays, and student notes in the areas of public and private international law, international legal theory, the law of international organizations, comparative and foreign law, and domestic laws with significant international implications" (p. ii). This issue covers Texas-Mexico Border Wall, status in modern China, Israel/Palestine separation barrier, South Africa culture of barbed wire, affirmative action in higher education, Nubian sandstone aquifer system, and choice of law and Islamic finance.
Date: Spring 2011
Creator: University of Texas at Austin. School of Law.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[Constitutional Artillery Team]

Description: Photograph of a Mexican Constitutional Army Artillery Team. The four member team has just fired an artillery shell and is preparing to fire another round. The man in the white shirt is in charge of loading and unloading the canon by opening or closing the breech of the canon. The two men to the left, who are closest to the photographer, are the handling the ammunition. A large projectile, seen on the far left, is being handled by one of the two men.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Abraham González Casavantes with Madero]

Description: Photograph of Abraham González Casavantes with Francisco Madero. Abraham González was one of the main leaders of the Maderista Junta Revolucionaria Mexicana, which was a movement opposing the re-election of then-dictator Porfirio Diaz in 1910. Abraham González was murdered on March 7, 1913 in Bachimba Canyon on the orders from Victoriano Huerta. The first and second gentlemen in the photograph are not identified. The remaining men are Abraham González, Francisco Madero, and Pascual Orozco.
Date: 1910/1920
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Partner: El Paso Public Library