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Map of Sutton County

Description: Cadastral "tracing" map of Sutton County, Texas in the Hill Country region. Some borders and features are marked in color, including the center of the county. Scale ca. 1:133,334 (4000 varas per inch).
Date: August 1887
Partner: Texas General Land Office

Encinal County

Description: Map of the South Texas Plains region covering Encinal County, Texas. The roads from Laredo to Rio Grande City and from Laredo to Corpus Christi, Texas are marked on map. Scale ca. 1:133,334 (4000 varas per inch).
Date: 1886~
Partner: Texas General Land Office

Opperman's map of the Middle Oil Field, 1883.

Description: Map shows petroleum exploration activity and oil fields for Warren, Forest, Clarion, and portions of adjacent Pennsylvania counties; landowners, property tracts, tract numbers, drilling and well locations, roads, railroads, and towns. Includes explanation. Scale [ca. 1:75,400].
Date: 1883
Creator: Opperman, J.
Partner: University of Texas at Arlington Library

Well Bucket.

Description: Patent for a new and improved well-bucket. This design consists in "the cylinder or body, the flaring bottom rim or hoop provided on its inner surface with suitable screw-threads, and also having on its lower peripheral portion diametrically-opposed lugs or projections, the perforated bottom pieced provided with suitable threads upon its peripheral portion, the upper curved or arched guide-arm having a central perforation and provided with screw-threaded ends having shoulders bearing against the upper side of the bottom of the bucket, said ends also passing through perforations" (lines 39-50).
Date: August 28, 1888
Creator: Van Hook, John Lloyd
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Deep Well Pump.

Description: Patent for a new and improved well pump. This design consists in "the timber bed arranged on the bottom of the well, in combination with two superposed metallic cylinders connected by a stock, said stock being provided at the bottom with inwardly-turned flanges made fast to said bed" (lines 55-60).
Date: March 22, 1887
Creator: Clark, Alexander Evans
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air Compressor for Deep Well Pumps.

Description: Patent for a new and improved air-compressor. This design "relates to improvements in air-compressing mechanism for the purpose of pumping for forcing from deep wells and performing similar work; and it consists in the construction and arrangement of a larger and smaller air-cylinder, and the combination therewith of mechanism to force the air from the larger into the smaller cylinder to increase the air-pressure in the latter" (lines 22-30).
Date: August 2, 1887
Creator: Adams, John R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Auger.

Description: Patent for a new and improved auger. This design consists in "[t]he combination of a shank provided with a conveying-screw and the cutters at the lower end of the screw, the sides of the cutters being extended beyond a vertical line drawn across the edges of the screw, and a tube or casing enclosing the screw and connected at its lower end with the cutters, said tube being of less diameter than the cutters and arranged within the outer sides thereof" (lines 56-64).
Date: August 23, 1887
Creator: Tevebaugh, Henry Clay
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Well Bucket.

Description: Patent for a new and improved well bucket. This design consists in "[t]he combination of a body having a valve-seat facing downward in its bottom, a valve having a conical guide upon its upper surface, a flange at its lower end bearing against the seat with a washer and formed with an upwardly-projecting eye or link at its top, and a rod for the attachment of the hoisting-rope passing out at the top of the bucket and having an eye at its lower end connected to the eye of the link" (lines 40-49).
Date: August 24, 1886
Creator: Fellrath, Charles John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Well Bucket.

Description: Patent for a new and improved well-bucket. This design consists in "[t]he combination of the upper bucket and the lower external bucket, the former having a central vertical tube adapted to receive the rod for operating the valve of the lower bucket, and the spring arranged around the said rod" (lines 5-10).
Date: June 23, 1885
Creator: Arnold, James S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Well Cover.

Description: Patent for a new and improved well cover. This design "is to provide a new and improved cover for wells, cisterns, &c., which cover is so constructed and arranged that it can be moved back by stepping on a step in front of it, and is automatically closed when the pressure is removed" (lines 8-13).
Date: September 8, 1885
Creator: Bullock, Henry P. & Cook, Henry B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Well Digging Machine.

Description: Patent for a new and improved well-digging machine. This design "consists in connecting to the bottom of [a] shaft a gang of plows, which effectually break and cut up the earth, and combing therewith a fixed and inclined shear-blade and detachable earth-receiver, the said shear-blade being located in the rear of the plows, for raising the earth from the motion of the plow, and delivering it automatically into the detachable earth-receiver, which is raised to the surface with its load by means of ropes and pulleys" (lines 27-37).
Date: February 6, 1883
Creator: Chambers, Job C. & Chambers, Silas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Well-Drilling Apparatus

Description: Patent for a well-drilling apparatus granted to Eli Catlin which is simpler and more convenient to use as well as being less expensive.
Date: November 27, 1883
Creator: Catlin, Eli
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Well Cleaner.

Description: Patent for a new and improved well cleaner. This design "is to provide a simple instrument by which wells can be cleaned out without descending into them. It is well known that much danger exists in descending into foul wells on account of the poisonous gases often collected near the bottom of the same" (lines 20-26).
Date: October 7, 1884
Creator: Neitsche, Frederick Theodor
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Drilling Tool for Wells.

Description: Patent for a new and improved drilling tool for wells. This design "relates to tools for drilling or boring Artesian, oil, and other deep wells; and it has for its object to prevent the loss of drill or auger or any portion of the drill-rods. With this end in view the invention consists in the improved means for connecting the tool to the lower end of the drill-rod" (lines 9-15).
Date: May 28, 1889
Creator: McLane, Hiram H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tool for Drilling Wells.

Description: Patent for improvement in "tools for drilling or boring Artesian, oil, and other deep wells; and it has for its object to prevent the loss of the drill or auger or of any portion of the drill-rods" (lines 9-13) via an "improved means for connecting the tool to the lower end of the drill-rod" (lines 15-16) including illustrations.
Date: July 16, 1889
Creator: McLane, Hiram H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hamilton County, State of Texas.

Description: Map shows land parcel boundaries, landowners, land patents, and towns; portions of adjacent counties where property boundaries extend beyond county limits. Scale [1:66,667].
Date: 1888
Creator: Texas. General Land Office.
Partner: University of Texas at Arlington Library

[Money receipt, October 23, 1889]

Description: Money receipt for three hundred and five dollars and eighty cents received from C. B. Moore and addressed to J. K. Dodd in Pauls Valley. The back of the document gives information on the services available from Wells, Fargo, and Company's Express.
Date: October 23, 1889
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Crazy Well, Mineral Wells, Texas

Description: This is a picture of the first Crazy Well drinking pavilion, the first such facility in the city. When a Mr. Wiggins dug the third well in town, it was frequented by a "crazy woman" who was eventually cured of her dementia. Because of the word-of-mouth publicity, people came from miles around to drink the health-giving water. A house was built around the well for the convenience of the customers. The highly successful business attracted competition, and one of the most popular health spas in the nation grew from these beginnings.
Date: 1885
Partner: Boyce Ditto Public Library

[Letter from John Patterson Osterhout to Paul Osterhout, June 7, 1886]

Description: Letter from John Patterson Osterhout to his son, Paul Osterhout, regarding Paul's return home. John sold Paul's bike and sent him money to help him afford the trip home. John expects his other son, Jeremiah, and his wife to have a child soon because she has been staying with their family for long periods of time. John mentioned that their town, Belton, was worried that their oil well would leave town and they would have to rely on the college for their future.
Date: June 7, 1886
Creator: Osterhout, John Patterson
Partner: Austin College

Brown County, state of Texas.

Description: Map shows late nineteenth century Brown County, Texas land parcels with tract numbers, landowners names, and patents; towns and portions of adjacent counties where property boundaries extend beyond county limits. Scale [ca. 1:66,667].
Date: 1888
Creator: Texas. General Land Office.
Partner: University of Texas at Arlington Library

Brown County, State of Texas.

Description: Map shows late nineteenth century Brown County, Texas land parcels with tract numbers, landowners names, and patents; towns and portions of adjacent counties where property boundaries extend beyond county limits. Scale [ca. 1:66,667].
Date: 1888
Creator: Texas. General Land Office.
Partner: University of Texas at Arlington Library

Brown County, State of Texas.

Description: Map shows late nineteenth century Brown County, Texas land parcels with tract numbers, landowners names, and patents; towns and portions of adjacent counties where property boundaries extend beyond county limits. Scale [ca. 1:66,667].
Date: 1888
Creator: Texas. General Land Office.
Partner: University of Texas at Arlington Library