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Sulky Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved sulky cultivator. This design consists in "the beam having the cross-bar at its rear end, and the rearward-diverging brace-arms connecting the beam to the ends of the cross-bar, the links hinged to the rear ends of the brace-arms and pivoted to the sulky-frame, the hand lever fulcrumed on the frame, and the rod connecting the hand-lever to the front end of the beam" (lines 40-48).
Date: July 24, 1888
Creator: Hazlewood, James Allan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rotary Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved rotary cultivator. This design is "to lessen the weight on tongue and the down draft while the power is applied more directly to the plows. By this means [the design is] enabled to make the whole frame very light; also, to provide convenient means of adjusting the altitude of the wheels with respect to the plows, so as to regulate the depth of the latter, and also to hold them out of the ground; also, to obtain suitable means for adjusting the plows at any desirable angle to the line of travel, and to throw greater or less soil to or from the plants" (lines 15-26).
Date: July 19, 1887
Creator: Coleman, Benjamin T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cultivator

Description: Patent for a wheeled cultivator with spring tension, a frame that can be tilted, and pivoting wheel-axles. It is an improved version of their earlier patent, number 615,775, from December 13, 1898. The cultivator can straddle multiple rows and be drawn by various numbers of livestock, including illustrations.
Date: July 3, 1900
Creator: Zöllner, Matthes & Zöllner, Carl
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cultivator

Description: Patent for improvements to cultivators that allow the driver to adjust displacement in order to avoid obstacles without changing the path of operation.
Date: September 23, 1913
Creator: Foster, John H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cultivator. This design "relates to that class of walking-cultivators or shovel-plows which are drawn by a single horse between two rows of plants, and which are frequently called 'double-shovel plows.' The leading object of the invention is to provide such a cultivator with two beams, each carrying a shovel, which beams are independently capable of vertical and lateral movements, whereby the operator can guide or lift the beams and shovels to avoid plants or obstacles" (lines 11-22).
Date: January 1, 1889
Creator: Jones, Fred B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cultivator. This design consists in "[t]he combination, with a flat shovel and a shank, of the bead on said shovel having a transverse slot therethrough, a slotted wedge inserted between said shovel and shank, and a bolt passing through said bead, wedge, and shank" (lines 95-100).
Date: April 10, 1888
Creator: East, Elias
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cotton Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cultivator. This design consists in "[t]he combination, with the base . . . of the slotted plate secured thereto, the strip on the rear side of the said plate, the blade having apertures and threaded bolts for adjusting the said blade" (lines 96-100). It further consists in "rear cutters or scrapers on the landside" (line 1).
Date: May 1, 1888
Creator: Irwin, William H. & Hairgrove, George W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cultivator. This design consists in "[t]he combination of the beams having the arms provided with the openings, the beams having openings concentric with [the arms'] openings, the standards, the bolts pivoting the latter to the arms and extending through the openings, the plates having their lower ends secured on said pivotal bolts and adapted to engage the rear sides of the standards, the triggers, and the bolts to pivot the said triggers to the beams, said bolts being adapted to pass through either of the [beams'] openings" (lines 3-13).
Date: August 14, 1888
Creator: Swearingen, Columbus Alexander
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cultivator. This design "is to provide an improved cultivator which can be very quickly and easily adjusted to adapt the device for marking out or laying off the roads or hills; to provide improved means whereby the shovels or blades are caused to always occupy the same relative position to each other, and adjust themselves when the beams of the harrow or cultivator are adjusted, and finally, to provide improved means for adjusting the shovels at any desired angle, so that they can enter or penetrate the soil to different depths" (lines 14-25).
Date: November 23, 1886
Creator: Sutton, James Macaulay
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cultivator. This design consists in "the combination, with the frame bearing the standards, of caster-wheels provided with shanks, which are vertically journaled in the bars at each side of said frame and in the ends of the cross-bar, the hand-lever which is secured at the forward end of the beam and pivotally connected to the center of said cross-bar and provided with a slot near its free end, the segmental upright, and the spring" (lines 16-25).
Date: March 29, 1887
Creator: Brown, Thomas Jefferson
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cultivator. This design has for its object "to render the points or shovels laterally adjustable with relation to each other and the plow-beam and to render the side rows of points or shovels reversible in position on the plow-beam" (lines 19-23).
Date: March 29, 1887
Creator: Kirven, Peter E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cotton Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cultivator. This design consists in "the wheeled frame, the two laterally and vertically movable drag-bars jointed thereto, and each provided with shovels, the horizontal rotary-shaft lying between the drag-bars and provided with a blade arranged to revolve between the shovels of the respective beams, the transverse shaft mounted on the frame and connected by driving devices with the ground-wheel, and the intermediate shaft connected to the [other] shafts . . . by universal joints" (lines 17-27).
Date: June 21, 1887
Creator: Hutchins, Charles Nelson
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cultivator. This design "is to provide a device to enable the shovels of the cultivator to yield when they strike an immovable object—such as a stone or stump—and thereby prevent the cultivator-shovels from being broken, and more especially in time-saving in readjusting the shovel for plowing" (lines 14-20).
Date: April 13, 1886
Creator: Eubanks, Thomas Jefferson
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cultivator. This design "is to provide a cultivator adapted to receive a plow for breaking new land, a hopper for seeding purposes, and a leveler for breaking lumps and evening the furrows, a further object being to provide a light, durable, and economical cultivator for general farm use" (lines 16-22).
Date: May 4, 1886
Creator: Lloyd, William D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cultivator. This design consists "[i]n a garden cultivator, the frame having slotted arm [that is] journaled, clevis, standard with plow, slotted arm, and wheels . . . [and] handles, adjusted . . . to lower and raise said handles" (lines 59-67).
Date: June 22, 1886
Creator: Miltenberger, Emile Rudolph
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cultivator. This design "consists of a double plow-stock strapped to the beam, having a diamond-shaped point bolted thereto at the lower end, an inclined brace bolted to the beam and stock, and a sweep-stock attached by straps to the beam and brace" (lines 7-15).
Date: June 23, 1885
Creator: Wilhelm, Albert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hand Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cultivator. This design "is to provide hand-cultivators constructed in such a manner as to cut up and destroy grass and weeds without throwing the soil around and covering small plants, and without breaking the soil away from around the plants" (lines 16-21).
Date: November 18, 1884
Creator: Hurd, Judson B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cultivator. This design is "for cultivating stubble, sugar-cane, cotton, corn, and other plants planted in rows or drills, which will remove the soil from the sides of the rows without injuring the roots, and will throw soil around the plants, and which shall be simple in construction and convenient in use" (lines 15-21).
Date: May 10, 1881
Creator: Brenner, August William & Fraser, James
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cultivator. This design is "first, to provide for use in such implements a sectional axle which shall be capable of being so manipulated as to cause the wheels to be placed at a greater or less distance from each other; second, to provide the necessary mechanism and suitable combinations thereof for moving the parts of the axle and the wheels into their desired positions" (lines 20-27). This enables the cultivator to adapt to different spacings of crops, marking an improvement over previous cultivators.
Date: June 21, 1881
Creator: Connor, Laurance H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cultivator. This design is of "that class of cultivators whose beams and stocks are pivoted together and the latter adapted for adjustment . . . for the purpose of regulating the depth to which the shovel or 'sweep' enters the soil" (lines 7-12). It consists, "with the beam and double stock pivoted together and adjustably connected . . . of the guide-bar pivoted to the said stock and composed of sections which are vertically adjustable on each other, the handles pivoted to the guide-bar, and the horizontal arm which adjustably connects the beam and handles" (lines 87-95).
Date: February 4, 1890
Creator: Noack, Otto
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cultivator. This design consists in "[t]he combination, with a blade arranged for connection with a beam and formed with cutting-edges . . . , of a wing in a horizontal plane formed with a cutting-edge and rigidly connected to the blade at some distance above its lower edge" (lines 60-65).
Date: February 18, 1890
Creator: Henry, Leroy Bell
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cultivator. This design consists in "[t]he combination of the beam, the clamping-bars secured to the under side of the beam and arranged at an angle thereto, the teeth clamped by and between said bars, the hangers having their upper ends provided with a vertical series of openings, the securing-bolts passed through said openings in the ends of the clamping bars, and the scraper having a horizontal series of openings in each end, and the securing-bolts passed through said openings in the lower ends of the hangers" (lines 29-39).
Date: June 4, 1889
Creator: Ruddell, Charles Henry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cultivator. This design consists in "a draft-bar, a connecting rod or bar which connects the two beams together at any suitable distance . . . vertical standards which are secured to the rear ends of the beams, adjustable connecting-bars . . . and a connecting-rod which connects the bars together in a line with the beams . . . to loosely attach two cultivators to a single draft-bar, and then connect these two cultivators together . . . [so] each of the cultivators has a universal movement independently of the other, and yet they are always kept at about the same distance apart" (lines 15-32).
Date: June 11, 1889
Creator: De Witt, Martin V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cultivator.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cultivator. This design consists, "with the beam consisting, essentially, of the forwardly-converging branches at their forward ends and having the downwardly and forwardly curved branches at their rear ends and rack-teeth" (lines 100-104). It further consists "of the feet comprising parallel branches pivotally connected to the ends of the downwardly and forwardly curved branches of the beam branches, the gravitating pawls pivoted between the upper ends of the feet branches and adapted to engage the rack-teeth of the beam branches" (lines 1-8).
Date: April 12, 1892
Creator: Ponton, William E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department