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Fire Kindler.

Description: Patent for a new and improved fire starter. This design "has for its object to provide novel means for making comparatively inexpensive fire-kindlers; and to such end the invention consists, essentially, in a vessel having two chambers, one capable of being opened at the top and adapted to contain ashes, and the other closed, except as to a bottom passage in communication with the ash-chamber, and adapted to contain a combustible fluid—such as petroleum oil or other liquid hydro-carbon—which flows through the said bottom passage to saturate the ashes and prepare them for use" (lines 8-20).
Date: April 3, 1888
Creator: Streeter, George D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fire Kindler.

Description: Patent for a new and improved fire starter. This design "is to provide novel means for determining when the oil is exhausted from the oil vessel and to provide novel means for keeping the ashes from direct contact with the oil-supply openings . . . [for] ashes possess great capillary attraction and take up more hydro-carbon fluid than is requisite when the ashes are dry and not tightly packed, so that the ashes become soft and mushy" (lines 12-21).
Date: April 3, 1888
Creator: Streeter, George D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fire Place Blower.

Description: Patent for a new and improved fire-place blower. This design consists in "[t]he combination, with the jambs of a fireplace, of a frame consisting of front-pieces detachably fastened to the jambs, back pieces fastened to the respective front pieces and formed with steps, and a top board connecting the sides of the frame, together with sections resting on the steps and forming a fire-screen and blower" (lines 10-17).
Date: December 14, 1886
Creator: Baker, Henry F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hearth for Fire Places.

Description: Patent for a new and improved hearth for fireplaces. This design "ha[s] a depression in its upper side, and a lid hinged to the hearth at the rear end of the depression, so as to fill the same when not in use" (lines 93-96).
Date: July 26, 1887
Creator: Moore, John Thomas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fire Tongs.

Description: Patent for new and improved fire tongs. This design "is designed to produce an article . . . which will be practical in every respect, and which will prevent the slipping or sliding of the legs or arms thereof while handling the logs, enabling the latter to be grasped with a firm hold, thereby avoiding the numerous accidents that often occur from the use of the present form of tongs" (lines 9-17).
Date: March 9, 1886
Creator: Bishop, John Andrews
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fire Kindler.

Description: Patent for a new and improved fire-kindler. This design is for "[a] fire-kindling torch consisting of two perforated sections, each having an exterior longitudinal ridge, and angular side flanges, and provided at one end with lugs which bear flatly against each other, a pivot-pin passing transversely through the lugs to permanently connect the sections and form a pintle on which they can turn, and a handle connecting the other ends of the sections together, said sections having an interposed filling of mineral wool" (lines 1-11).
Date: December 25, 1883
Creator: Osborn, Adelbert E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hearth Guard or Shield.

Description: Patent for a new and improved fireplace cover. This design consists in a "hearth guard or shield, the same consisting of a rectangular plate of sheet metal cut out to form the inside openings of different size, and bent at right angles at the point where the smaller opening in the vertical or upright part opens into the larger opening in the horizontal part, thereby forming projections or inside shoulders having notches adapted to be bent to fit the sides of the grate" (lines 64-73).
Date: April 7, 1885
Creator: Sanders, William Jefferson
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fire-Dog.

Description: Patent for "a simple and inexpensive fire-dog adapted to be used in any ordinary open grate and capable of affording convenient means for cooking in an open fireplace." (Lines 10-13) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: September 15, 1896
Creator: Lewis, Harry J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Adjustable Fire Guard and Screen.

Description: Patent for a new and improved fireplace screen. This design "is to provide a simple and efficient device which may be suspended in front of open fireplaces or grates for the purpose of preventing the frequent and sometimes fatal accidents which are directly due to the absence of reliable safe-guards. The invention consists of a series of shields or plates of suitable size and material, which are so connected that when not in use they may be easily drawn upward in succession side by side and compactly placed in an appropriate receptacle attached to the front of a mantel or to a wall above a fireplace" (lines 16-29).
Date: May 3, 1892
Creator: Gibson, Nathaniel B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Interior of House

Description: Copy negative of two pictures of the interior of a house. The first picture is of a fireplace with a framed picture of a girl over it and a table in front of it. The second is a side view of the same room.
Date: unknown
Partner: Hardin-Simmons University Library

Fireplace.

Description: Patent for certain new and useful improvements in fireplaces, including instructions and illustrations.
Date: September 20, 1898
Creator: May, John E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Interior of House

Description: Copy negative of two pictures of the inside of a house. The first is a view of an area with living room furniture and a lamp and windows. The second is a view of a room with a fireplace, with bookshelves, windows, and furniture on each side and a painting hung above.
Date: unknown
Partner: Hardin-Simmons University Library

[Ranch House Room]

Description: Photograph of a ranch house room containing a small checkers table and chairs that are positioned on a large rug. A loaded bookcase stands to the upper of left of the photo, with a door, wall clock, and end table along the same wall. the upper right quadrant features a fireplace with small figures and pictures on and above the mantle. To the bottom left sits a sofa that is largely obscured by a lamp on an end table.
Date: unknown
Partner: Matthews Family and Lambshead Ranch

Open Fire-Place

Description: Patent for improvements to an open fireplace making the different sections of the fireplace detachable and replaceable individually. Patent granted to Daniel E. Jones.
Date: September 25, 1885
Creator: Jones, Daniel E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[Fireplaces]

Description: Photograph of a couple kneeling in front of a fireplace. In the image, a light is used to illuminate the fireplace and silhouetting the couple.
Date: 19uu
Creator: Clark, Joe
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Old Dr. Ford house]

Description: Photograph of children standing in front of the fireplace in old Dr. Ford's house. In the image, the children are back lit by the fireplace, the newspaper walls are illuminated by oil lamps.
Date: 19uu
Creator: Clark, Joe
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Bringing the Heat]

Description: From harvesting the sorghum, to extracting cane juices, to boiling it down into molasses, this process can take weeks of round the clock cooperation between families, neighbors and friends to accomplish. As you can see in this photo the vats and fire places used are serious and meant to be used 'round the clock and shared by the harvest community. Narrative by Junebug Clark in the summer of 2014: Overall Background: These Molasses Making Stir-off photos were shot by Joe Clark HBSS in the early to mid-1940s. Either on the farm of Fred Whitaker about four miles southwest of Cumberland Gap, or in Cumberland Gap on the farm of Baptist preacher the Rev. Hugh Vancel. More information about these images can be found in scrapbooks in the Clark Family Collection at the University of North Texas Special Collections Library. Specifically in a Detroit news pictorial article published December 13, 1942 titles "stir-off party" where mountaineers make molasses and merriment. Also in life magazine published November 13, 1950 [page 156] titled “Stir-off Time in Tennessee, Fun Starts in Hills as Molasses Boils.’ Also in the library is the NBC Today Show story on Joe Clark HBSS by Bob Dotson. It features Joe Clark returning to Cumberland Gap Tennessee to photograph a molasses stir off taking place in the same location as some of these photographs and attended by some of the same people in the early 1980s. Let me briefly set the scene of the time and era that these photos were made. World War II was raging. Television did not exist. Radio reception sporadic in this mountain country. School was held only three months a year mostly during the winter months. Most news of the changes in the outside world was learned, they say, “By looking at pictures in the ...
Date: 194u
Creator: Clark, Joe
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections