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Oral History Interview with Cynthia Davis, June 21, 2016

Description: Ms. Davis is a lifelong resident of Lufkin, Texas. She was born with cerebral palsy, but she adapted to her handicap. She chose to go to Lufkin High School prior to forced integration. She became a special education teacher, although she had difficulty with promotions. She has been responsible for most of the caregiving in her family. In the interview, Ms. Davis discusses what segregated Lufkin was like, the difficulty she faced as part of the integration process at Lufkin High School, her education, overcoming a disability, her experience as a victim of domestic abuse, difficulty raising her children, and her life as a caregiver for multiple family members, including her parents and grandchildren.
Date: June 21, 2016
Creator: Davis, Cynthia & Howard, Jasmin
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Kenneth Estes, June 24, 2016

Description: Mr. Estes was born in a small town in Texas. He spent time in the military before coming to Lufkin in the 1970s. He then worked for Lufkin Industries. His interview focuses on life in small-town Texas, his time in the military, labor activism at Lufkin Industries, and how Lufkin has changed over time.
Date: June 24, 2016
Creator: Estes, Kenneth; Howard, Jasmin & May, Meredith
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with S'ydney Benemon, June 23, 2016

Description: Ms. Benemon was born and raised in Lufkin, Texas. She attended segregated schools in Lufkin until the schools integrated in 1970, her senior year. Ms. Benemon went on to work for the Lufkin State School for decades before retiring in 2016. During her interview, Ms. Benemon provided information about the community of North Lufkin when she was growing up. Ms. Benemon also described businesses and people that were prominent in the North Lufkin community. Further, Ms. Benemon described the many conflicts that occurred during the first year of integration, such as an incident when armed white parents came to Lufkin High school in efforts to confront Black students. In response, some Black students staged a walkout/march. Ms. Benemon also discussed ongoing issues, including infrastructure, that the predominately Black community in Lufkin still face.
Date: June 23, 2016
Creator: Benemon, S'ydney & Howard, Jasmin
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Betell Benham, June 27, 2016

Description: Ms. Benham was born and raised in Lufkin, Texas. She went to segregated schools in Lufkin before participating in integration during the 1969-1970 school year. She graduated high school and went to college at the University of North Texas. She then became a flight attendant and worked in retail. She returned to Lufkin and worked with her mother, Bettie Kennedy, in the community. In the interview, Ms. Benham describes segregation in Lufkin, experiences with discrimination, problems during integration, discrimination she experienced at UNT, her work as a flight attendant, her time spent in retail, and the work of both her and her mother in the community.
Date: June 27, 2016
Creator: Benham, Betell; Howard, Jasmin & May, Meredith
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Robert Shankle, June 13, 2016

Description: Robert Shankle grew up in Lufkin and spent many years in the military. He returned to Lufkin to work with his parents business. He decided to run for city council and has served in that capacity for several years. He has been instrumental in the founding of IMPACT Lufkin, which is attempting to revitalize North Lufkin, the traditionally African-American part of town. Mr. Shankle discussed his early life in Lufkin in the 1970s, his time in the military, his return to Lufkin, his decision to run for city council, his time on the council, and the challenges facing the African-American community
Date: June 13, 2016
Creator: May, Meredith; Howard, Jasmin & Shankle, Robert
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Larry Kegler, June 24, 2016

Description: Mr. Kegler was born in Lufkin and raised in North Lufkin. In eleventh grade, his parents forced him to be part of voluntary integration; he was one of six African-American children to enter Lufkin ISD in his grade. He then spent time in the military before returning to Lufkin to work at the State School. He served as city councilman and on the school board. In his interview, Mr. Kegler describes segregation in Lufkin, the long process of integration, life as an African-American in the military, and his politician and civic activism.
Date: June 24, 2016
Creator: May, Meredith & Kegler, Larry
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Barbara Brown, July 1, 2016.

Description: Ms. Brown was born and raised in Lufkin, Texas. She attended segregated schools in South Lufkin prior to moving to North Lufkin, where she attended and graduated from Dunbar High. She became a teacher at a private school and implemented African-American history into her curriculum. In her interview, Ms. Brown describes segregation in Lufkin, the violence and fear of white reprisals, the African-American community, and her career as a teacher.
Date: July 1, 2016
Creator: Brown, Barbara; Howard, Jasmin & May, Meredith
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

[News Script: Shivers tangles with FBI chief]

Description: Script from the WBAP-TV station in Fort Worth, Texas, covering a news story about a dispute between Texas Governor Allan Shivers and FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover over the state or federal jurisdiction of civil liberties investigations in Texas.
Date: August 26, 1953
Creator: WBAP-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Oral History Interview with Herbert Cross, June 20, 2016

Description: Mr. Herbert Cross was born and raised near Fort Worth. He was drafted into the Marines during the Korean War, where he served for two years. He then went to college and was hired by Dunbar High School in Fort Worth. He then became principal at an elementary. He was tapped to be assistant principal of Lufkin High School the first year of integration and continued as a principal in the Lufkin School District until his retirement in the 1980s. In the interview, Mr. Cross describes the discrimination he and his family faced as a child, particularly after the family joined a lawsuit for better facilities in their school, his time in the military, his fight for equal treatment as a teacher and administrator in the Lufkin school system, how integration went during his time as principal, and the discrimination he faced from his colleagues.
Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Cross, Herbert & May, Meredith
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library