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[Dead On The Battlefield]

Description: Photograph of dead Villistas at the battle of Celaya. In this image there are bodies piled together on the ground. Accompanying information states: "These dead Villistas are the result of the battle of Celaya in which Obregon defeated Francisco Villa and his Villistas. In this one battle Villa lost approximately 4000 men with another 6000 being taken prisoner. 120 of the imprisoned officers were executed shortly afterwords."
Date: 1915~
Partner: El Paso Public Library

Los de Abajo: Novela (cuadros y escenas de la revolución mexicana)

Description: First book edition of the most famous novel of the Mexican Revolution. It appeared first a serial within a local newspaper, El Paso del Norte, but later was issued as a single work. It was published in El Paso where the author resided in exile. Subsequent editions are quite different from this first version.
Date: 1916
Creator: Azuela, Mariano, 1873-1952
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

Men by Cannon

Description: Copy negative of a group of unidentified men standing beside a cannon. Two of the men are holding guns to their sides, and two others are handling the ammunition for the cannon. In the background, there are hills and grass.
Date: unknown
Partner: Hardin-Simmons University Library

the W.P. Woolley Grocery Store in Needville, Texas.

Description: Photograph mounted on gray cardboard mat of the W.P. Woolley Grocery Store in Needville, Texas. Four men on porch (one African-American) and a boy in the doorway. Two chickens in foreground. Back of photo identifies man with white shirt near post as W.P. Woolley and man in hat and tall boots as possible Ned Gibson.
Date: 1915
Partner: Fort Bend Museum

[Body of Rodolfo Fierro]

Description: Photograph of Rodolpho Fierro's body after he drowned near Chihuahua. His body, from the shoulders down, is covered in a white sheet and wearing a hat. A group of men are standing or kneeling around the body. Text on the back of the photograph reads: "Rodolfo Fierro, number one killer and body guard of Pancho Villa. Fierro was the 'real bad man' of the Revolution. He was known as El Carnicero or The Butcher. After being thrown off his horse, he [drowned in] quicksand near Casas Grandes, Chihuahua on 13 October 1915. At the time of his death, Fierro was marching towards Sonora."
Date: 1915~
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Portrait at Camp Bowie]

Description: Photograph of a group of men at Camp Bowie. The front row is sitting, the next row is kneeling, and the last row is standing. In front of the first row is an insignia on the ground.
Date: 1915~
Partner: Austin History Center, Austin Public Library

[Simon Lerma with Daughter Herminia, 1915]

Description: Copy negative of Simon Lerma and his daughter Herminia posing for a portrait out-of-doors, near a house. The little girl is sitting on a chair, and she is wearing a white dress, light-colored shoes, and a white bow in her hair. The man is wearing a light-colored shirt and pants.
Date: unknown
Partner: Private Collection of Matta Family

[Photograph of Brown Cemetery]

Description: Photograph of the Brown Cemetery around 1915. Edith Sutherlin stands on the left, holding her hand out. A second woman stands on the other side of the photo, in front of a monument with the word "Brown" carved into it.
Date: 1915~
Partner: Private Collection of the Sutherlin Family

[Mexican refugees being loaded on trains]

Description: Photograph of Mexican refugees fleeing during Pancho Villa's attacks. A large group of people are being loaded onto a flatbed train car; on the right, one unidentified man is helping a woman onto the train. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The people were loaded onto railroad cars and sent to El Paso to be relocated in Mexico near Juarez. Finally, in 1920, when Carranza was ousted as President of Mexico, Pancho Villa made peace with the government" (p. 9).
Date: unknown
Partner: Marfa Public Library

Christmas Greetings

Description: Color postcard depicting a small Christmas Elf, dressed in red, standing by a sprig of holly. Printed on the card is, " Christmas Greetings. Your very sweetest Christmas dreams, If they should all come true, Could not bring more happiness, Than I hope for you." Correspondence on the back reads, "Merry Xmas and Happy New Year from Mrs. Monroe." It is addressed to Mrs. Earl Dill, Denison St., Paris, Texas. It is postmarked El Paso, Texas in Dec 21, 1915.
Date: unknown
Partner: Private Collection of Joe E. Haynes

[C. W. Ehlinger Token]

Description: One of a collection of 244 miscellaneous "Texas Trade Tokens." On one side, this coin says, "In Trade Only, [10]" with a logo and a patent date, "Pat. Apr. 7, 1915; on the other it has the text: "C. W. Ehlinger, 10."
Date: 1915~
Partner: Star of the Republic Museum

Causas de la revolución en México : y como efectuar la paz

Description: This short treatise, written in Havana in 1913, espouses the land reform goals and ideals of Emiliano Zapata and the Zapatistas while condemning the regimes of Carranza and Huerta,. It proposes an idealized agrarian society with land held in common and a system of "Escuelas Granjas" or rural schools. He deplores the evils of clericalism, plutocracy, and militarism. The three headings in the document are "Manifiesto al Pueblo Mexicano," "Bases Generales," and "Pensamiento de la Revolución: Como educar al Pueblo para la Nueva Reforma."
Date: 1915
Creator: Martínez, Paulino
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso