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Austin Cotton Gin

Description: Austin Cotton Gin was owned by W. T. Caswell and was located on the west side of Chicon St. Horse-drawn wagons with bales of cotton. Workers pose for photograph. Hand-crank loading cranes on platform.
Date: 1900~
Creator: Caswell, W. T.
Partner: Austin History Center, Austin Public Library

Austin Cotton Gin

Description: Austin Cotton Gin was owned by W. T. Caswell and was located on the west side of Chicon St. Horse-drawn wagons full of cotton. Workers pose for photograph.
Date: 1900~
Creator: Caswell, W. T.
Partner: Austin History Center, Austin Public Library

B. F. Taylor and Sons Gin

Description: The exterior of B. F. Taylor and Sons Gin with gin, bales of cotton, and a horse drawn wagon in front of the building. Several men are in the picture on the left side and Ben L. Taylor is identified as third from the right.
Date: unknown
Partner: Denton Public Library

Gin-Saw Filer and Gummer

Description: Patent for an improved gin saw filer and gummer. This model would yield sharp conical shaped teeth, and straighten bent or deformed teeth.
Date: July 9, 1918
Creator: Norman, James E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cotton-Picker

Description: Patent for cotton picking in relation to the picking needle that is capable of longitudinal movement.
Date: January 8, 1918
Creator: Johnson, Billie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Boarders on the Porch of the Taylor Boarding House

Description: Exterior of the Taylor House, a boarding house, with 25 boarders standing and seated. Those identified are Kate McManners and Iola McManners. Handwritten on back notes that Kate McManners is later Mrs. E.M. Luck of 323 Pearl St. (4th from left), and her sister Iola McManners is later V. H. Mills who ran the cafeteria at Lee School and now lives in Comanche, Texas (5th from left). W. A. Cogdell, first row, second from the right, was a student at North Texas Normal School. J. J. Handley, top row, 2nd from left, also at North Texas.
Date: unknown
Partner: Denton Public Library

[Man and woman using a cotton gin]

Description: Photograph of a man and woman using a hand crank cotton gin. The man sits on the left side of the image with his profile facing the camera and the woman sits to his right, both of them focus on cranking the cotton gin in between them. They sit outside on a dark porch, with one light illuminating them off camera on the right.
Date: [1939..1989]
Creator: Clark, Joe
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Cotton year in Killeen, Texas

Description: Photograph, taken 1905 or 1906, depicts cotton loaded on a railroad car. A group of men stand atop the bales and alongside on a platform; men sit in two horse-drawn drays next to the pile of bales. The caption for the photograph reads: Loading bales of cotton on flat cars at Santa Fe Station in a bumper cotton year. Two-wheeled drays (left) hauled bales from cotton yard located in the 400 block of Avenue D.
Date: 1905~/1906~
Partner: Killeen City Library System

Cotton Feeder and Cleaner.

Description: Patent for feeders and cleaners for cotton gins: "provide a combined feeder and cleaner for cotton gins which is not only thoroughly and effectually cleans cotton before it passes to the gin, but at the same time it regularly and positively feeds the cotton to the gin in such cleaned condition" (lines 10-15).
Date: April 25, 1893
Creator: Oliphint, Alfred
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cotton-Cleaner.

Description: Patent for a simple and effective cotton cleaning machine that removes foreign matter from cotton before or after ginning. This enhances the cotton's worth and quality. The cotton will not get torn during this process.
Date: May 9, 1893
Creator: Smith, Jonathan N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Machine for Sharpening and Gumming Saws.

Description: Patent for a machine that sharpens and gums saws for cotton-gins. It does so quickly and does not fatigue the operator. It automatically feeds "the saws so as to bring the teeth successively into position to be operated upon, and which will cut the teeth uniformly, thereby preserving the circular outline of the saws and preserving the teeth of a uniform length and appearance" (lines 15-20).
Date: July 14, 1896
Creator: Hulme, William A. & Hulme, Thomas B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cotton-Gin.

Description: Patent for a cotton gin that removes lint-cotton from the saws using an air-suction mechanism instead of a brush, which pose a fire hazard and can impair the gin's effectiveness. An air-blast mechanism is also an ineffective method of cleaning lint-cotton from the saws. The air-suction mechanism sucks "the lint-cotton directly from the rear portions of the saw-teeth independently of and without a brush, and an apparatus for preventing the withdrawn lint-cotton from passing into and through the air-suction apparatus" (lines 84-89).
Date: September 29, 1896
Creator: Graber, Henry W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Attachment for Ginning-Machines.

Description: Patent for improvements in attachment for ginning machines: "provide mechanical means for conveying the cotton and seed that is delivered from the gins through pneumatic tubes to the baling room and see house" (lines 15-19).
Date: August 31, 1897
Creator: Coursey, Netter R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cotton-Chopper.

Description: This is a patent for "new and useful improvements in a combined cultivator and chopper" (lines 5-7). The new improvements include a combination chopper and cultivator that will maneuver on both sides of a row of cotton crop.
Date: September 4, 1897
Creator: Latta, William D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cotton-Baling Apparatus.

Description: Patent for the "improvements in cotton-baling apparatus or compresses of that type in which the cotton is received directly from the gin or gins" (lines 13-16) including illustrations.
Date: September 14, 1897
Creator: Melcher, Charles L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Breast for Cotton-Gins.

Description: Patent for improvements in breasts for cotton gins: " My invention relates to certain improvements in the construction of gin breasts for cotton gins and consists in providing in conjunction with a gin breast an adjustable "up-per circle" to facilitate the formation of the roll, to prevent the seed cotton from overflowing from the gin breast as the roll rotates, and preserve the proper degree of contact between the gin saws and the roll" (lines 12-20).
Date: April 10, 1894
Creator: Schulze, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cotton Elevator and Distributer.

Description: Patent for a cotton elevating and distributing device, one that feeds cotton to multiple gins at the same time. This device is meant to save time and be simply and efficiently constructed.
Date: November 17, 1896
Creator: Elliott, James W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cotton-Gin.

Description: Patent for a cotton-gin that "has for its object to provide means for operating upon or permitting lint cotton, wool and other fibrous material to be ginned from a roll by means of saws as is commonly done in working seed cotton without injury to the mechanism" (lines 12-17).
Date: August 7, 1894
Creator: Haynes, Daniel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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