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[Old Woman in a Rocking Chair Beside a House]

Description: Photograph of an elderly woman, identified as Narcissus Keen Maxwell, wearing a black dress sitting in a rocking chair beside a wooden house. The house is raised from the ground via stacks of stones. A barbed wire fence covers the foreground.
Date: unknown
Partner: Private Collection of Mary Newton Maxwell

[Texas Barbed Wire]

Description: Photograph of a wooden display board with samples of a variety of barbed wires used in Texas barbed wire. Each wire sample has a label, though they are unreadable. Shelves are partially visible on the left side of the photo. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "[William Franklin Mitchell] was the first man to string barbed wire in the Big Bend, where he fenced three sections as a holding trap at his Antelope Springs ranch in 1886. The days of the 'open plain' and the 'long drive' were coming to an end in West Texas" (p. 8).
Date: unknown
Partner: Marfa Public Library

Lock-Plate

Description: Patent for improvements in lock-plates for the stays of wire fences.
Date: March 22, 1900
Creator: Wood, Alpheus H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Farm Fence

Description: Patent for fence constructed of barbed wire and smooth guard-wire enclosed in the fence wires to prevent livestock of injury.
Date: February 19, 1901
Creator: Teague, George W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wireworking-Tool.

Description: Patent for improvements to wireworking tools which are "especially designed for twisting the opposite ends of a tie-wire to a runner-wire of a fence and also for twisting the intermediate portion of the tie-wire, so as to tighten the embrace of the latter upon the fence-post. It is furthermore designed to provide means for supporting or bracing the tool upon the post during the twisting operation thereof, and, finally, to arrange the handle of the tool so as to provide a convenient and effective wire-cutter." (Lines 10-21) Illustrations are included.
Date: February 12, 1901
Creator: Tate, Newton J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fence-Stay.

Description: Patent for a fence stay that can be put on without any special tools. The stay also forms a clamp in itself and does not require any other tie to keep it in place.
Date: May 15, 1906
Creator: Horsley, Robert L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wire Stretcher

Description: Patent for a wire stretcher. The invention utilizes wire-winding reel and gear-wheels Illustration included.
Date: March 3, 1906
Creator: Curtis, Zenas Albert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Four Horses

Description: Photograph of four horses, all different colors, gathered next to each other behind a barbed wire fence. In the background is a large cloudy sky.
Date: unknown
Creator: Porter, Willard H.
Partner: Cattle Raisers Museum

Fence-Wire Stretcher.

Description: Patent for an efficient, compact, and durable fence-wire stretcher that works on any size fence-post. It is an "easily and quickly applied means for clamping and drawing together the ends of a broken fence-wire" (lines 14-16).
Date: October 8, 1895
Creator: Day, John W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wire-Tightener.

Description: Patent for a wire-tightener that stretches "the wire after it has been secured to the post, and to take up any slack which may exist therein, owing to causes arising subsequent to the first stretching of the wires" (lines 10-13). It has similar features of other wire-tightener but is simple and efficient.
Date: January 1, 1895
Creator: Glenn, John William
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fence-Post.

Description: Patent for a fence-post for wire fences and allows for the wires to be removed once secured. This invention allows for the fenced-in area to be changed and adjusted.
Date: April 2, 1895
Creator: Pryor, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wire-Stretcher.

Description: Patent for a simple and inexpensive wire-stretcher that can easily stretch a wire in a series on a fence in such a way that the stretcher doesn't need to brace against a post.
Date: January 9, 1894
Creator: Sparkman, James S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wire-Stretcher.

Description: Patent for an improved, simple, and inexpensive wire stretcher "which may readily be employed for stretching wires to a post for stapling, for stretching or drawing the ends of wires together for tying and for drawing out or removing staples from a post" (lines 12-16).
Date: August 1, 1893
Creator: Palmer, Joshua C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wire-Stretcher.

Description: Patent for a simple, economical, and effictive wire-stretcher that uses "the fence-post as the fulcrum for the implement or tool in using the latter to stretch the wires longitudinally from post to post, and to provide a simple hand implement or tool by which a single person can rapidly string the fence-wires from post to post, stretch the wires, and kink or twist the same to take up slack" (lines 19-26).
Date: July 23, 1895
Creator: Cardwell, William C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Slat-and-Wire Fence-Machine.

Description: Patent for a simple and compact wire-fence machine that can be hand operated and aids in the construction of a wire fence. The machine stretches and maintains tension while twisting and securing the wire to a post. The machine also twists wires together.
Date: January 30, 1894
Creator: Haley, Anslem J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gate-Closer.

Description: Patent for a simple and inexpensive gate closer that can be used with any gate and is easy to use. It consists of an arm that is secured to the gate, an adjustable wedge that sits between the arm and the gate, a weight connected to the arm, fastening devices, a slot on the wedge, pulleys mounted in a casing, and chords.
Date: October 10, 1893
Creator: Dickson, Thomas C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gate.

Description: Patent for an improved, simple, and inexpensive swinging gate that is strong, durable, and doesn't sag. It can be fully opened and easily conteracted.
Date: November 6, 1894
Creator: Hefner, John M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tool for Building Wire Fences.

Description: Patent for a simple and effective tool used for building wire fences that is "a nail holding and driving device, a measuring attachment, and a wire cutter" (lines 12-14).
Date: May 15, 1894
Creator: Highsmith, Lewis C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wire-Stretcher.

Description: Patent for a simple and efficient wire stretcher that aids in fence-building, tightening loose wires, cutting wires, and tying broken wires. The stretcher is similar in appearance to a wrench that can be taken apart in order to properly utilize the tool.
Date: June 13, 1893
Creator: McKinney, John Wilson
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Implement for Tightening and Splicing Fencing-Wire.

Description: Patent for a tool that tightens wires and takes up slack on wire fences. It also splices and joins wires together. The invention has "a novel construction whereby a loop is formed in the strand of wire which is to be tightened and the parts of such wire adjacent to the loop and brought into parallelism so that they may be intertwisted accurately and neatly" (lines 20-25). It also forms loops of different sizes in the wire.
Date: December 5, 1893
Creator: Sessions, Egbert G. & Embrey, Leonard B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Staple Extractor.

Description: Patent for a staple extractor used for removing wire from the posts of wire fences. Includes illustrations.
Date: May 24, 1892
Creator: Hunt, Thomas M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department