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Heroica defensa de Ciudad Juárez : la verdad de los hechos, caracter y valor del soldado mexicano; invasión de tropas americanas y su pronta evacuación

Description: This work provides an account of what the author terms the “heroic defense” of Ciudad Juarez against Pancho Villa’s forces. It also includes correspondence by Villa to the military garrison urging their surrender. Notably, it describes American involvement (and brief incursion into Mexico) and the Mexican embassy’s response to it in El Paso, where the work was published.
Date: 1919
Creator: Velasco, Felipe
Partner: University of Texas at El Paso

[Innocent Victims of Villa's Raid 2]

Description: This postcard shows 11 deceased horses in Columbus, New Mexico. The horses lay close together. The animals are surrounded by vast desert. Image is slightly damaged by water spots and a crinkle near the top right corner.
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Innocent Victims of Villa's Raid 3]

Description: This postcard shows 11 deceased horses in Columbus, New Mexico. The horses lay close together. The animals are surrounded by vast desert. Exposure on image is high and the right top corner of postcard is slightly damaged. [Text on back of postcard.]
Date: [1910..1920]
Creator: Horne, Walter H., 1883-1921
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Jose Chavarria and the Soldiers]

Description: Paper written for a history class at Marfa High School in 1968 by Ernest Mediano. The paper describes a scene in a photo where some cavalry soldiers are asking his grandfather Jose Chavarria to sell them a horse in Ruidosa, Texas. The soldiers were charged with keeping Pancho Villa out of the United States.
Date: 1968
Creator: Mediano, Ernest
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Mexican refugees being loaded on trains]

Description: Photograph of Mexican refugees fleeing during Pancho Villa's attacks. A large group of people are being loaded onto a flatbed train car; on the right, one unidentified man is helping a woman onto the train. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The people were loaded onto railroad cars and sent to El Paso to be relocated in Mexico near Juarez. Finally, in 1920, when Carranza was ousted as President of Mexico, Pancho Villa made peace with the government" (p. 9).
Date: unknown
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Mexican refugees fleeing from Pancho Villa]

Description: Photograph of Mexican refugees fleeing during Pancho Villa's attacks. Several groups of Mexican refugees are seated on the ground and mules are wandering around the camp; men in suits are visiting with the refugees. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "At one time ten thousand frightened Mexican refugees flooded into Marfa trying to escape Villa's depredations" (p. 9).
Date: unknown
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Generals' Meeting]

Description: Photograph of generals at a horse track in Juarez, Mexico. U.S. General Scott is shown speaking with Francisco Villa. Colonel Matt Winn, Major Mickie and General Fierro are also present.
Date: 1913~
Partner: El Paso Public Library

[Villa in Coahuila]

Description: Photograph of Francisco "Pancho" Villa and an unidentified man sitting down smoking, under the shade of a tree. There are several other men and at least one young boy around them. The man on the right hand side of the photo stares directly into the camera; he is holding a rifle and sporting a bandoleer. A carriage is behind the tree that Villa is leaning up against. Accompanying information identifies the photo as being taken in Coahuila, Mexico in 1920 when Villa surrendered to then interim President of Mexico, Adolfo de la Huerta.
Date: 1920~
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Partner: El Paso Public Library

Mexican Refugees

Description: Photograph of Mexican refugees fleeing to Marfa to escape Pancho Villa in 1914. Some are on foot, some are on horseback and some ride in wagons.
Date: 1914
Creator: Arnold, Herbert J.
Partner: Marfa Public Library

Francisco "Pancho" Villa

Description: Photograph of Pancho Villa. This is a rare photograph of Francisco Villa. General Villa is the man who is standing on top of the first railroad boxcar. The photograph is rare because Villa appears to be smiling. The men who are riding on top of these railroad boxcars are Villista revolutionists. Villa’s men and supporters became known as Villistas. Strewn among the men is a mixture of hammers, shovels and rifles. At the end of the first boxcar there is a small white wooden crate. The label on the crate reads: Alaskan Salmon. Although there was probably no salmon in the small crate, the crate was most likely used as a storage container by the man lying down nearest to the crate. The exact location of where this photograph was taken is not known.
Date: 1910/1920
Creator: Aultman, Otis A.
Partner: El Paso Public Library