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Oral History Interview with Louise Fowler Himes, February 4, 1986

Description: Interview with Louise Fowler Himes, who moved to Cedar Bayou in 1919 as a teacher. Mrs. Himes discusses life when she first moved such as her teaching and going to movies and games with other townspeople. Among other topics, Himes answers questions and describes her experiences with influenza, malaria, the Ku Klux Klan, and the hurricanes of 1900 and 1908.
Date: February 4, 1986
Creator: Mayo, Martha; Himes, Louise & Fowler, Louise
Partner: Lee College

Oral History Interview with Jimmy Carroll, February 25, 1986

Description: Interview with Jimmy Carroll, an early resident of Baytown, Texas. Carroll explains how he came to Baytown from Houston in 1919 to work at the Humble Refinery, and continues to describe the early history of the refinery. Carroll continues on to share stories about safety and working conditions as well as segregation and the Ku Klux Klan.
Date: February 25, 1986
Creator: Mayo, Martha & Carroll, Jimmy
Partner: Lee College

[Framed picture of Ku Klux Klan Initiation near Richmond, TX, Sept. 4, 1922.]

Description: Photograph of Ku Klux Klan Initiation near Richmond, TX, Sept. 4, 1922. Large gathering of men in white Klan robes and hoods, plus men in street clothes. At center of the picture is a circle of men taking an oath (presumably of initiation), with their left hands over their hearts and right hand in the air. There is a large wooden cross at the center of the initiation circle with an American flag on top. Photo is labeled, "INITIATION NEAR RICHMOND, Tex., Sept. 4th 1922, PHOTO BY A. KLUCKER" Image is framed by a tan map with brown border around picture.
Date: September 4, 1922
Partner: Fort Bend Museum

[Ku Klux Klan initiation. "One Hundred Percent Americans" written on photo.]

Description: Photograph of a Ku Klux Klan initiation. Klansmen are standing in a large circle around a large wooden cross with an American flag on top. Un-robed men (new members?) are grouped on side of circle closest to camera, facing someone standing on a platform. Caption on photo says, "One Hundred Percent Americans, Parks, Bay City."
Date: 1922
Partner: Fort Bend Museum

[Flyer for Ku Klux Klan Day]

Description: Printed handbill advertising Ku Klux Klan and Klan-related events at the Texas State Fair in Dallas, Texas, dated Wednesday, October 24, [1923]. Reverse side contains application for membership in the Ku Klux Klan.
Date: [1923]
Partner: Star of the Republic Museum

[Two Men in Ku Klux Klan Hoods]

Description: Photograph of two men wearing Ku Klux Klan hoods. The man closest to the camera is holding a large shotgun and has his face covered. The other man is leaning against the hood of a car in the background, and his face is not covered.
Date: unknown
Partner: Museum of the Gulf Coast

D.W. Griffith Presents "The Birth of a Nation"

Description: This photograph illustrates a souvenir program from the silent motion picture, "The Birth of a Nation, the Most Stupendous and Fascinating Motion Picture Drama Created in the United States. Founded on Thomas Dixon's story 'The Clansman' " The motion picture presents an early 20th-century Southern view of Reconstruction.
Date: April 1, 1924
Creator: Griffith, D.W.
Partner: Boyce Ditto Public Library

The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906

Description: The Texas State Historical Association Quarterly Report includes "Papers read at the meetings of the Association, and such other contributions as may be accepted by the Committee" (volume 1, number 1). These include historical sketches, biographical material, personal accounts, and other research. Index is located at the beginning of the volume starting on page i.
Date: 1906
Creator: Texas State Historical Association
Partner: Texas State Historical Association

The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 10, July 1906 - April, 1907

Description: The Texas State Historical Association Quarterly Report includes "Papers read at the meetings of the Association, and such other contributions as may be accepted by the Committee" (volume 1, number 1). These include historical sketches, biographical material, personal accounts, and other research. Index is located at the beginning of the volume starting on page i.
Date: 1907
Creator: Texas State Historical Association
Partner: Texas State Historical Association

[Letter from Mario Marcel Salas to the United States Justice Department - November 8, 1979]

Description: Letter from Mario Marcel Salas of the Black Coalition on Mass Media to the Civil Rights Division of the United States Justice Department. He writes with an urgent tone, as word has spread of a possible march by the Ku Klux Klan. A radio personality, a city councilman, and an organization protesting a housing project have all been linked to the event. Fears of Klan members carrying weapons and enacting violence pose additional threats.
Date: November 8, 1979
Creator: Salas, Mario Marcel
Partner: UT San Antonio Libraries Special Collections

[Letter from Mario Marcel Salas to Executive Committee - January 3, 1980]

Description: Letter from Mario Marcel Salas of Organizations United for Eastside Development (OUED) to an executive committee. He discusses an anti-Ku Klux Klan march in the works; its potential benefits and drawbacks; and its organizer, Antonio Cabral, who has antagonized other civil rights organizations, including the OUED.
Date: January 3, 1980
Creator: Salas, Mario Marcel
Partner: UT San Antonio Libraries Special Collections

[Letter from O.U.E.D. to Members and Affiliates - April 12, 1983]

Description: Letter from Organizations United for Eastside Development (OUED) to its members and affiliates. The letter gives notice to members to attend an upcoming meeting so that they may come at a consensus on how to deal with a planned march by the Ku Klux Klan. Some suggestions are proposed, including a counter demonstration, but the letter requests collective agreement.
Date: April 12, 1983
Partner: UT San Antonio Libraries Special Collections

Historic Plaque, the Right Reverend Monsignor James Martin Kirwin

Description: Photograph of a historic plaque in Galveston, Texas. It reads: "The Right Reverend Monsignor James Martin Kirwin (July 1, 1872 - January 24, 1926). A native of Circleville, Ohio, young Catholic priest James Martin Kirwin arrived in Galveston in 1896. He was soon appointed Vicar General of the Diocese of Galveston by Bishop Nicholas A. Gallagher. As Rector of St. Mary's Cathedral, Father Kirwin's work as a civic and religious leader was felt throughout the city. In 1900, following the disastrous Galveston storm, Kirwin was instrumental in forming the Committee for Public Safety, which provided oversight for relief efforts and control of the devastated city. Together with his friend Rabbi Henry Cohen, Father Kirwin was a leading force in rebuilding Galveston. He helped lay the cornerstone of the Galveston Seawall in 1902 and participated in ceremonies marking its completion two years later. Kirwin was also instrumental in settling labor disputes on Galveston's docks and in forming the Galveston Home Protective League, and organization whose purpose was to remove saloons from residential neighborhoods. He led in the fight against the local Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s. When Monsignor Kirwin died in 1926, the whole city mourned one of its most respected citizens. His body was returned to his hometown for burial. (1989)"
Date: October 29, 2005
Creator: Belden, Dreanna L.
Location Info:
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Drake Family

Description: Research paper written for a history class at Marfa High School about the Drake family, who first came to Texas in the 1850s. John Drake, the author's grandfather, was a poor ranch man, and the author's father, Dawson Cole Drake, was stationed in England during his military service.
Date: 1970
Partner: Marfa Public Library