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Device for Filling Ice-Cream Cones.

Description: Patent for a device which holds an ice cream cone during the filling process preventing breakage and/or contamination of the cone, including instructions and illustrations.
Date: May 27, 1913
Creator: Wilson, Ben T. & Ratcliff, Wilton F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Oral History Interview with Leonard Sweat, June 8, 2016

Description: Leonard Sweat grew up in Nacogdoches and participated in the protests and activism while he was in school. He worked in Lufkin, because economic opportunity in Nacogdoches was limited. He returned to Nacogdoches later in life to work as a minister. Mr. Sweat discussed growing up in segregated Nacogdoches, the integration of the schools, the brutality of Chief Roebuck, protests in the late 1960s and 1970, representation of African-Americans in politics and voter apathy.
Date: June 8, 2016
Creator: Sweat, Leonard; Howard, Jasmin & May, Meredith
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Apollonia Ellis, June 15, 2016

Description: Ms. Ellis works for the hospital system in Lufkin and San Augustine. While attending SFA, she became involved in local politicss after noticing other active Democrats. She is the current chair of the Democratic Party in Nacogdoches County. She describes, in her interview, the current political climate in Nacogdoches, the people running for office, and their political platform.
Date: June 15, 2016
Creator: Ellis, Apollonia; Howard, Jasmin & May, Meredith
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Oral History Interview with Margie Chumbley, Anita Farr, Thelma Sexton, and Elizabeth Simpson, June 21, 2016

Description: Ms. Chumbley was born and raised in Nacogdoches. She worked as an elementary school teacher prior to integration and as a substitute while her children were small. She then became a teacher with Head Start. In the group interview, Ms. Chumbley describes her community and both going to and working for the segregated school system, as well as police brutality, African-American businesses, family structures, and the community involvement in raising children. Ms. Farr was born and raised in Nacogdoches. She went to Stephen F. Austin State University shortly after integration and became a nurse working for Lufkin State School and, later, worked as a nurse for Nacogdoches school district. In the group interview, she described life in segregated Nacogdoches, police brutality, African-American businesses, discrimination in her working career, protests and marches in Nacogdoches, and local politics. Ms. Sexton was born and raised in Nacogdoches. She attended EJ Campbell school prior to integration and Stephen F. Austin State University shortly after it integrated. She then worked for Lufkin State School until her retirement. In the group interview interview, she described her neighborhood, segregation in Nacogdoches, police brutality, protests and marches for equality, and the African-American community and businesses. Ms. Simpson was born and raised in Nacogdoches, Texas. She went to EJ Campbell School in Nacogdoches prior to integration. She then obtained business training in Houston and returned to Nacogdoches. In the group interview she participated in, she described the community she grew up in, her experiences at EJ Campbell, the thriving African American business community, and the relationship between the African American community and local law enforcement
Date: June 21, 2016
Creator: Chumbley, Margie; Farr, Anita; Sexton, Thelma; Simpson, Elizabeth & May, Meredith
Partner: TCU Mary Couts Burnett Library

Pump.

Description: Patent for a new and improved pump. This design "is to provide an engine or apparatus . . . in pumps of that class known as "force-pumps" . . . which is simple and durable in construction, and which is of large working capacity. . . . [The design] attain[s] the purposes of [the] invention by . . . the pump-buckets or caging and that part of the delivering-pipe containing the . . . valves in the plungers . . . [and] the ball-valves" (lines 9-28).
Date: October 19, 1886
Creator: Sparks, John M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Portable Pump, &c.

Description: Patent for improvement to a pump "adapted for attachment to small vessels containing oil, water or any other liquid" (lines 10-12) that includes a better means of securing the pump.
Date: September 15, 1885
Creator: Phillips, Richard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Churn-Power.

Description: Patent for a new and improved motorized churn. This design "has for its object to provide a means for converting a rotary into a reciprocating movement and regulating the range of the reciprocating mechanism" (lines 15-18).
Date: February 24, 1880
Creator: Britain, Thomas J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Churn Power.

Description: Patent for a new and improved motorized butter churn. This design is of "a simple and efficient device for converting a rotary into a reciprocating motion, which may be either vertical or horizontal, and is especially adapted to the various kinds of churns, washing-machines, and the like now in the market" (lines 13-18).
Date: January 4, 1881
Creator: Clark, William
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cotton-Chopper

Description: Patent for "a cheap and simple machine adapted to chop or hoe cotton and simultaneously plow or hill the same; furthermore, to adapt the chopper to form stands composed of any number of plants and at any distance apart, and, finally, to provide means for raising and lowering the plows out of and into operative position and throwing the chopping mechanism into and out of gear, which means are controlled in a convenient manner by the driver or operator" (lines 10-20).
Date: April 19, 1892
Creator: Balshaw, David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mill-Stone Dress.

Description: Patent for Mill Stone Dressing- the pattern on a mill stone for the better grinding of grains into flour. The furrows and grooves of the new design allow grain to be "milled... at greater speed (and)even distribution."
Date: March 8, 1870
Creator: Loy, G. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department