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[Harper's Weekly: Camp Ford, Texas Sketch]

Description: Hand-colored print of the Civil War camp, Camp Ford taken from an 1865 issue of Harper's Weekly, page 132. Camp Ford, located near Tyler, Texas was established in 1863 as a Confederate prison camp during the Civil War. Over the course of two years, the camp held about 6,000 prisoners and was one of the largest Confederate prison camps west of the Mississippi River.
Date: March 4, 1865
Creator: Simmons, G. W.
Item Type: Artwork
Partner: Star of the Republic Museum

[Harper's Weekly: Camp Ford, Texas Sketch]

Description: Hand-colored print of the Civil War camp, Camp Ford taken from an 1865 issue of Harper's Weekly, page 132. Camp Ford, located near Tyler, Texas was established in 1863 as a Confederate prison camp during the Civil War. Over the course of two years, the camp held about 6,000 prisoners and was one of the largest Confederate prison camps west of the Mississippi River.
Date: March 4, 1865
Creator: Simmons, G. W.
Item Type: Artwork
Partner: Star of the Republic Museum

Oil-Box Cellar and Dust-Guard.

Description: Patent for certain new and improvements in oil box cellars and dust guards, including instructions and illustrations.
Date: July 5, 1898
Creator: Scrogin, John Moore
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Shoe-Plate.

Description: Patent for certain new and useful improvements in shoe plates, including instructions and illustrations.
Date: November 22, 1898
Creator: Long, Francis F.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Car-Door Cleat.

Description: Patent for certain new and useful improvements in car door cleats or guards, including instructions and illustrations.
Date: May 30, 1899
Creator: Miller, William M.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Acetylene-Gas Generator.

Description: Patent for certain new and useful improvements in acetylene gas machines, including instructions and illustrations.
Date: August 1, 1899
Creator: Henderson, Thomas & Stapp, William A.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Burial Apparatus

Description: Patent for improvements in burial apparatus, relating particularly to linings and coverings for graves, which are designed to do away with all appearance of earth or dirt in the placing of caskets or coffins in the ground.
Date: May 7, 1901
Creator: Spear, William
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Design for a Badge

Description: Patent for a design for an ornamental badge celebrating the Emancipation of slaves by Abraham Lincoln.
Date: October 6, 1906
Creator: Whitney, Junius P.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Buckle

Description: Patent for an improved buckle that will hold straps in place, particularly those straps with irregularly sized and spaced openings.
Date: May 29, 1901
Creator: Pool, Robert C.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gravity Dump Car

Description: Patent for gravity dump-car cheaper in cost and easy in construction and operation.
Date: October 8, 1901
Creator: Swindall, S. M.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Harness.

Description: Patent for an economically designed harness that can be attached and detached to the animal with greater simplicity.
Date: June 25, 1872
Creator: Ellis, Ira
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Corn-Cob Splitters.

Description: Patent for an improved corn-cob splitter for feeding stock using a tapering pin operated by a rack and pinion to split corn whether shuck is on or off. Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: July 2, 1878
Creator: Smith, Joseph F.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Plows.

Description: Patent for an improved design of the plow consisting of a modified foot of the plow and curved blade. Illustrations included.
Date: January 23, 1877
Creator: Moore, Thomas M.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Cotton-Bale Ties.

Description: Patent for the improvement in cotton-bale ties, with description and illustrations.
Date: July 21, 1874
Creator: Cooper, William
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tool for Cleaning Out Nuts.

Description: Patent for a tool for cleaning out internally-threaded apertures. This removes rust and dirt from screw-threads without damaging the threads, and is much less destructive than acid baths, heat, and screw-taps.
Date: September 22, 1896
Creator: Rall, Frederick A.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Clothes Hook.

Description: Patent for a new and improved clothing hook. This design utilizes elastic, vulcanized rubber end-pieces for the hooks to hold the article of clothing more effectively. These end-pieces can be produced more cheaply than their threaded-metal counterparts, which require screwing on.
Date: March 29, 1881
Creator: Delany, John L.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gate-Latch.

Description: Patent for a gate-latch. A latch-pin secured in a beam, another latch secured to the inside of another post, with two pivoting hangers, and plates come together to form this latch.
Date: January 5, 1897
Creator: Berry, John S.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gate-Latch.

Description: Patent for a gate latch that works by having stop-pins secured to the gate, while a rod goes through the post, with a handle on one end and a latch on the other end. The latch is shaped so that it catches the pin.
Date: January 5, 1897
Creator: Berry, John S.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coffee Roaster.

Description: Patent for a new and improved coffee roaster. This design "provides a means whereby [one] can utilize the heretofore wasted heat ascending the stove-pipe to roast coffee and other similar articles, thereby securing for other purposes the large amount of space over or near the fire heretofore occupied by the coffee-roaster; and the invention consists in a novel construction and arrangement of parts" (lines 13-21).
Date: November 30, 1880
Creator: Brown, Maurice T.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cotton Chopper.

Description: Patent for a new and improved cotton cutter. This design consists in "the combination [of] the two-part shaft having bearings in the frame and supported on the wheels of [a] removable wheel, secured upon the end of [a] portion and having the spokes and cups at the ends thereof, arranged to operate between the adjustable plows" (lines 62-68).
Date: May 31, 1881
Creator: Smith, Joseph F.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Railway Oil-Box Jack.

Description: Patent for a simple, durable, and efficient railway oil-box jack, or "hoisting jack", that is easier and faster to use than other similar jacks.
Date: July 10, 1894
Creator: Moore, Francis A.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Combined Air-Hose Coupling and Stop-Valve.

Description: Patent for a combined air-hose coupling and stop-valve. One must shut off the cut-off valve before the coupling can be disconnected. When the valve is closed, air pressure is balanced so the couplings can be safely disconnected, and prevents dirt from getting into the train-pipe.
Date: August 18, 1896
Creator: Heidelburg, Samuel R.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Spark Arrester.

Description: Patent for a new and improved spark arrester. This design consists in "[t]he combination, with the stack, of the upper and lower portions . . . of the inner cylinder, separated by the annular opening, the spiral wing-guide, the collar-flange, between the stack-wall and [a] section, and the cylindrical partition below said collar-flange in the flue" (lines 73-79).
Date: November 25, 1884
Creator: Jones, James A.
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Locomotive Valve Gear.

Description: Patent for a new and improved valve-gear. This design "is especially designed for locomotive-engines; and the invention consists of a combination of rockers, shafts, arms, levers, links, and connecting-rods worked from the cross-head of the locomotive exclusively, and so arranged as to give the valve a correct motion" (lines 7-13).
Date: December 8, 1885
Creator: Lewis, Wallace James
Item Type: Patent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department