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Bee County

Description: Blue line print of survey map of Bee County, Texas, showing rivers, creeks, original land grants or surveys, cities, and towns. Scale [ca. 1:213,333] (4000 varas to 5/8 of an inch).
Date: 1906
Creator: Morris, J. W. & Clark, S. C.
Partner: Hardin-Simmons University Library

Cattle Round Up On the Brown Ranch

Description: Photograph of cowboys herding cattle on the Ed Brown Ranch. The Brown family has been in Bee County for several generations. Austin II's great grandfather operated the mercantile store on the square in town. Austin I, his son, was in the bulk fuel business. As a wholesale dealer for Magnolia, which later became Mobil, he delivered kerosene and gasoline to farm families with a wagon and team. Every time he made a dollar or two, Austin Brown I bought a little piece of land. He began putting the ranch together in 1924. The headquarters operation, where their preconditioning facility is located, is in Bee County, but they lease several other ranches in South Texas. Early on, like many South Texans, the Browns ran Brahman cattle. In 1945, Ed bought some registered Hereford cattle from a man in the area. He began crossing these Herefords with the Brahman cattle and ended up with a "tiger stripe-looking animal," Austin says. "My grandfather found out right quick that the first cross (F-1) was one of the best animals ever developed for Texas." Eventually the Browns phased out the Brahman cattle altogether and began building their Hereford program. Today they continue to maintain a base herd of 200 registered Hereford cows.
Date: unknown
Partner: Bee County Historical Commission

Cotton Hauled by Mules in Oakville

Description: Photograph of James and Lee Crawford Brother's Freight Co. located in Oakville, Texas. In the foreground, loads of cotton are piled onto mule-drawn wagons. F. H. Church stands in front of the mules in the foreground. Three wagons are visible in front of wooden building. The driver of the first wagon is James Crawford. The photograph was taken at or near where Monroe Fink's office is now. If cotton was hauled to the coast for shipment, it came through Beeville.
Date: 1907
Partner: Bee County Historical Commission

Last Known Veterans of the 1836 Texas Revolution

Description: 1906 photograph of veterans of the Texas Revolution. Pictured are W. P. Zuber of Austin, J. W. Darlington of Taylor, Aca C. Hill of Oakville, S. F. Sparks of Rockport, L. T. Lawlor of Florence, and Alfonso Steel of Mexia. "We'll rally 'round the flag boys, we'll rally once more". The Texas Veterans Association, an organization of those who had served prior to, during, and immediately after the Texas Revolution, held its first convention in Houston on May 13–15, 1873, with about seventy-five veterans present. After 1876 the annual meetings, held in some seventeen different Texas cities, always took place in the week including April 21, San Jacinto Day. At the Goliad meeting in 1906 only six of the last ten known survivors of the Army of the Republic of Texas were present: William P. Zuber, Alfonso Steele, John W. Darlington, Asa C. Hill, S. F. Sparks, and L. T. Lawlor. The association dissolved in Austin on April 19, 1907, during its thirty-fifth annual convention. With its dissolution its work was taken over by the Daughters of the Republic of Texas. The stories of some of these men can be found in the Handbook of Texas.
Date: 1906
Creator: C.A. Major
Partner: Bee County Historical Commission

McClanahan/L.F. Roberts Dry Goods

Description: McClanahan/L.F. Roberts Dry Goods. Now located at 206 E Corpus Christi Street, the McClanahan House is the oldest business structure in Beeville. The building, the second store built in Beeville by George W. McClanahan, was erected around 1867 on the east side of the courthouse square, near Poesta Creek. The house served as general store, lodging house, and post office. It was built in the pioneer western style, with southern porches. McClanahan was Beeville’s first merchant; he was among the first to buy auctioned lots in the newly formed town of Beeville in 1859. McClanahan also served as schoolteacher, postmaster, county clerk, innkeeper, and Sunday school superintendent. After McClanahan’s death, L.F. Roberts purchased and operated the store for many years. In 1962, the building was purchased by the Historical Society for $600, and moved to its present site. The building is still the “home” of the society, and meetings are held there.
Date: 1880~
Partner: Bee County Historical Commission

San Domingo Schoolhouse

Description: Photograph of the small, wooden San Domingo school. This schoolhouse was built by Mrs. John (Sallie) Pettus in 1859 on the west side of the Dry Medio, and moved in 1867 to between the Medio and Dry Medio Creeks. The schoolhouse was moved again in 1870 to the banks of Toro Creek. Miss Gussie Hitchens, who later married John W. Flournoy, was the first teacher. In the late 1870’s the schoolhouse was moved to the San Domingo community about two miles west of the present Normanna town site.
Date: unknown
Partner: Bee County Historical Commission

Oil Well

Description: Photograph of the Maggie Ray McKinney Oil Well, the first oil well in Bee County. On December 29, 1929 as the Houston Oil Company drilled for gas, the first oil well in Bee County was brought in on the JJ McKinney land east of Pettus. Humble Oil and Refining Company completed McKinney No. 1 Oil Well, Bee County, January 31, 1930. The discovery brought a rush of people to the community of Pettus. The discovery of oil relieved the pressure of depression. By 1937, the county boasted of 53 gas fields, with 212 wells, and 62 oil fields, with 456 wells, producing 1,863,806 barrels of oil. Oil and gas are still important industries in Bee County.
Date: unknown
Partner: Bee County Historical Commission

Educational Day at Bee County Fair, 1912.

Description: Photograph of educational day at the Bee County Fair in Bee County, Texas in 1912. The photograph was taken from a high vantage point overlooking the large crowd of school children and teachers holding up banners. Beeville Superintendent W. E. Madderra is visible in the central foreground standing in front of the large crowd. The Fair was a speculator event in Beeville until its demise in 1933.
Date: 1912
Partner: Bee County Historical Commission

Hugo Heldenfels Home

Description: Photograph of the Hugo Heldenfels home located at 514 North Monroe Street and built in 1886. Hugo Heldenfels and Viggo Kohler formed a partnership known as Kohler & Heldenfels, and operated a lumber yard a the corner of Washington and Cleveland Streets in the 1880's. Mr. Heldenfels was born in Germany, and died in 1896.
Date: unknown
Partner: Bee County Historical Commission

H. F. Matthews Home

Description: Photograph of a side view of H. F. Matthews' home located on Washington Street. It stood at the corner on Washington Street, across from the Queen Hotel. Also known as the Mathews Building where furniture was sold on the first floor and the second floor was rented. In its present location, it served as the Moose Lodge, the May Rooming House and was owned by Mrs. Ann Reed, owner of the Kohler Hotel.
Date: unknown
Partner: Bee County Historical Commission

Blanconia Quadrangle

Description: Topographic map of a portion of Texas from the United States Geological Survey (USGS) project. The map includes towns, historic or notable sites, bodies of water, and other geologic features. Scale 1:24,000
Date: 1991
Creator: Geological Survey (U.S.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Baling-Press.

Description: Patent for "certain new and useful improvements in baling-presses." (Lines 5-6) Illustrations are included.
Date: April 3, 1888
Creator: Archer, Roger W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Baby Jumper.

Description: Patent for a new and improved baby jumper. This design consists in "the combination, with the vertically-resilient supporting-rod having a frame swiveled on its lower end, of the supporting garment adapted to be fastened around the infant and comprising the waist to be buttoned around the body, the pants depending from the waist and having the front flap and the side flaps adapted to be buttoned together in front of the infant, and the skirt attached to the waist at the top of the pants and hanging around the said pants, the upper edge of the waist being attached to the lower ends of [the] cords" (lines 1-13).
Date: May 15, 1888
Creator: Jones, Mary Perciller
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Combination Tool.

Description: Patent for a new and improved multi-tool. This design "consists of a tool having a staple-holder, a driver, a chisel, a vise attachment, and a detachable driver adapted to be used with the vise to splice the ends of the wire in building wire fences, in which the tool is used for driving staples, cutting the wire, and splicing the wire, the several devices forming a combination-tool disposed for convenient use upon a stock or holder" (lines 9-17).
Date: March 3, 1885
Creator: Archer, Roger Williams
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Windmill.

Description: Patent for an improved design for windmills that are in regular use. The design implements two sets of hinged vanes and uses weights to control the amount power that the windmill can generate. Included are instructions and illustrations.
Date: May 18, 1880
Creator: Rudolph, Calvin Foster
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wrench.

Description: Patent for a wrench "that a great number of tools [screw-driver, hammer, hatchet, auger, etc.] may be mounted thereon at one time and each accessible for use without removing any one part and without the various parts mounted thereon interfering with each other." (Lines 30-35) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: February 4, 1896
Creator: Rush, William Henry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mud Scraper.

Description: Patent for a new and improved mud-scraper. This design consists, "with a vehicle, of the transverse shaft geared to one of the wheels and provided at one of its ends with spiders, having its arms provided with perforations, the approximately U-shaped scrapers arranged to straddle the wheel, and the L-shaped plates or knees having one arm secured to a scraper and the other arm provided with perforations adjustably connected to the spider" (lines 88-102).
Date: June 3, 1890
Creator: Mangum, George A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stock-Loader.

Description: Patent for a stock-loader that loads cattle onto locomotive cars and does not use a gangway. It is a "movable floor or platform which, by means of suitable mechanism, is moved toward the car, thus carrying the stock thereinto whether they face in the direction of movement or not, and without effort upon their part" (lines 15-20).
Date: March 6, 1894
Creator: Rotzien, Christopher & Arnold, Philip
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Blanconia Quadrangle

Description: Satellite image topographic map of a portion of Texas from the United States Geological Survey (USGS) project. The map includes towns, historic or notable sites, bodies of water, and other geologic features. Scale 1:24,000
Date: 2010
Creator: Geological Survey (U.S.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department