Search Results

Predicting the incremental effects on transit ridership due to Bus-On-Shoulder operations

Description: "Bus-On-Shoulder (BOS) operations are an extremely effective method for increasing the quality of a bus service; allowing for a bus to use a freeway shoulder as a bypass lane not only decreases bus travel time but also increases the bus service's overall performance. BOS has also been found to increase bus ridership. The modern BOS system began in the Minneapolis-Saint Paul area almost 20 years ago. Using the extensive data available from Minneapolis-Saint Paul, ridership changes due to BOS operations were explored. The data showed that with 90% confidence, ridership will increase by at least 4.5% and as much as 14.3%. This paper also explores how the citizens of Austin, Texas would respond to a BOS operation on local freeways. A stated preference survey was administered to a sample of Austin commuters. It was determined that potential riders would desire a time savings of 7 or more minutes. Typically it is challenging for persons to accurately predict time savings, therefore it was concluded that for a BOS operation to be successful it was necessary for a there to be a perceived time savings."
Date: August 2010
Creator: Machemehl, Randy B. & Pappas, Elani
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Use of Micro Unmanned Aerial Vehicles for roadside condition assessment

Description: "Micro Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (MUAVs) that are equipped with digital imaging systems and global positioning systems provide a potential opportunity for improving the effectiveness and safety of roadside condition and inventory surveys. This study provides an assessment of the effectiveness of MUAVs as a tool for collecting condition data for roadside infrastructure assets using three field experiments."
Date: December 2010
Creator: Gharaibeh, Nasir G. & Hart, William Scott
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

How fast is a fast train? : comparing attitudes and preferences for improved passenger rail service among urban areas in the South Central high-speed rail corridor

Description: "Using data from an Internet-based survey of residents in three communities in Central Texas-Waco, Temple, and Hillsboro-this research project examined the potential impacts of new intercity passenger rail service on small-or medium-sized communities located in the intermediate area between two larger urban areas that form the endpoints of a federally designated intercity high-speed rail corridor."
Date: December 2011
Creator: Morgan, Curtis Alan & Sperry, Benjamin R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Developing infrastructure for interconnecting transportation network and electric grid

Description: "This report is primarily focused on the development of mathematical models that can be used to support decisions regarding a charging station location and installation problem. The major parts of developing the models included identification of the problem, development of mathematical models in the form of bi-level and stochastic programming problems, and development of a solution approach using a meta-heuristic method."
Date: September 2011
Creator: Damnjanovic, Ivan & Kim, Seok
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Managing commodity risks in highway contracts: quantifying premiums, accounting for correlations among risk factors, and designing optimal price-adjustment contracts

Description: "The main goal of this report is to investigate the impact of commodity price risk on construction cost and the optimal risk hedging of such risks using price adjustment clauses. More specifically, the objective of the report is to develop models that can help highway agencies manage commodity price risks. In this report, weighted least square regression model is used to estimate the risk premium; both univariate and vector time series models are estimated and applied to simulate changes in commodity prices over time, including the effect of correlation; while genetic algorithm is used as a solution approach to a multi-objective optimization formulation. The data set used in this report consists of TxDot bidding data, market-based data including New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) future options data, and Engineering New-Record (ENR) material cost index data. The results of this report suggest that the optimal risk mitigation actions are conditional on owners' risk preferences, correlation among the prices of commodities, and volatility of the market."
Date: September 2011
Creator: Damnjanovic, Ivan & Zhou, Xue
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Automated generation of virtual scenarios in driving simulator from highway design data

Description: "The current project explored ways to create custom roadway segments for use in the TTI driving simulator. The project initially attempted to use AutoCAD Civil 3D roadway drawings and export them for use in the simulator."
Date: September 2010
Creator: Zhao, Xi; Nelson, Alicia A.; Chrysler, Susan & Zhang, Yunlong
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Partnering with AVID to create transportation scholars

Description: "The goal of this project was to team with the Advancement Via Individual Determination (AVID) program in local schools to stimulate student awareness of transportation and engineering careers and to encourage interest in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields."
Date: October 2010
Creator: Jasek, Debbie & Finley, Melisa D.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Equity evaluation of vehicle miles traveled fees in Texas

Description: "This report used 2009 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) Texas data to consider the equity impacts surrounding four vehicle miles traveled (VMT) scenarios. Results indicate that all of the VMT fee scenarios are essentially as equally vertically equitable as the current state gas tax system."
Date: March 2012
Creator: Burris, Mark; Larsen, Lisa. & Whitty, James M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Idle reduction programs and potential benefits to schools

Description: "This project will measure the cost benefits of implementing a school bus idle reduction program as means to offset the cost of increased bus service."
Date: November 2010
Creator: Hoelscher, Michelle
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Predicting damage in concrete due to expansive aggregates : modeling to enable sustainable material design

Description: "A poroelastic model is developed that can predict stress and strain distributions and, thus, ostensibly damage likelihood in concrete under freezing conditions caused by aggregates with undesirable combinations of geometry and constitutive properties.Sensitivity of the stress distributions to the aggregate and matrix constitutive parameters are assessed to allow improved concrete design."
Date: April 2012
Creator: Grasley, Zachary Charles & Rahman, Syeda
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Laboratory evaluation of friction loss and compactability of asphalt mixtures

Description: "This study aimed to develop prediction models for friction loss and laboratory compaction of asphalt mixtures. In addition, the study evaluated the effect of compaction level and compaction method of skid resistance and the internal structure of asphalt mixtures."
Date: April 2012
Creator: Kassem, Emad Abdel-Rahman; Masad, Eyad; Awed, Ahmed & Little, Dallas
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development and validation of a testing protocol for carbon sequestration using a controlled environment

Description: "This project conducted initial testing to develop a method for quantifying plant and soil carbon sequestration capabilities under the controlled conditions of the Texas Transportation Institute's Environmental and Emissions Research Facility (EERF)."
Date: March 2012
Creator: Storey, Beverly B.; Foster, Derrold; Johnson, Jeremy & McFalls, Jett
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Potential connected vehicle applications to enhance mobility, safety, and environmental security

Description: "Researchers first conducted a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art connected-vehicle research and technologies. Once researchers had a thorough understanding of the technology, they focused on selecting and developing the near-term practical applications that use connected vehicle technology. The research team then sought expert opinions from the Texas Transportation Institute working group during two brainstorming sessions, which produced two lists of potential applications and prioritized the applications based on deployment feasibility. In particular, a total of five applications were selected for development of the full concept of operations, including two in safety, two in mobility, and one in environmental security. These applications address various problems, including wrong-way driving and unprotected-grade-crossing crashes (safety): work-zone merge efficiency and safety, and freeway speed harmonization (mobility): and slippery pavement-related crashes (environmental security)."
Date: February 2012
Creator: Balke, Kevin N.; Songchitruksa, Praprut. & Zeng, Xiaosi
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Creating the next generation of transportation professionals

Description: The transportation industry, like every other profession that relies heavily on the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields, faces a growing shortage of professional engineers. The purpose of this project was to investigate new methods for conducting educational outreach activities for kindergarten through twelfth grade (K-12) students and compare the effectiveness of various implementation methods. During this project, Texas Transportation Institute (TTI) researchers developed two in-class educational outreach modules and several displays that they could easily transport and exhibit at various educational outreach activities. The first in-class module introduces intermediate school students to the world of transportation and transportation engineering and teaches students about the principle of retroreflectivity. The second in-class module teaches kindergarten students about sign shapes and colors. TTI researchers also participated in 12 educational outreach activities. These activities included: Four in-school events, four field trips to TTI facilities, three summer activities, and one engineering day event. The students participating in these activities ranged from kindergarten to twelfth grade. The educational outreach activities conducted introduced the fields of transportation and engineering to over 2000 students.
Date: November 2011
Creator: Finley, Melisa D. & Jasek, Debbie
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Multi-vehicle mobility allowance shuttle transit (MAST) system : an analytical model to select the fleet size and a scheduling heuristic

Description: "This report discusses the mobility allowance shuttle transit (MAST) system which is a hybrid transit system in which vehicles are allowed to deviate from a fixed rout to serve flexible demand. The mixed interfere programming (MIP) formulation analyzed the impacts of time headways between consecutive transit vehicles on the performance of a two-vehicle MAST system. An analytical framework is then developed to model the performance of both one-vehicle and two-vehicle MAST systems, which is used to identify the critical demand level at which an increase of the fleet size from one to two vehicles would be appropriate. From this research an insertion heuristic for a multi-vehicle MAST system was developed."
Date: June 2012
Creator: Quadrifoglio, Luca & Lu, Wei
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The light-duty-vehicle fleet's evolution: anticipating Plug-In-Electric-Vehicle adoption and greenhouse gas emissions across the U.S. fleet

Description: "The first part of this report relies on stated and revealed preference survey results across a sample of U.S. households to first ascertain vehicle acquisition, disposal, and use patterns, and then simulate these for a synthetic population over time. The second part of this report relies on data from the U.S. Consumer Expenditure Survey (CEX) to estimate the welfare impacts of carbon taxes and household-level capping of emission (with carbon-credit trading allowed)."
Date: May 2011
Creator: Kockelman, Kara; Musti, Sashank & Paul, Binny
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Compendium of student papers: 2010 undergraduate transportation scholars program

Description: "This report is a compilation of research papers written by students participating in the 2010 Undergraduate Transportation Scholars Program. The 10-week summer program, now in its 20th year, provides undergraduate students in Civil Engineering the opportunity to learn about transportation engineering through participating in sponsored transportation research projects. The program design allows students to interact directly with a Texas A&M University faculty member or Texas Transportation Institute researcher in developing a research proposal, conducting valid research, and documenting the research results through oral presentations and research papers. The papers in this compendium report on the following topics, respectively: 1) estimating carriers/truckers value of time due to congestion; 2) evaluating retroreflectivity measurement techniques for profiled and rumble stripe pavement markings; 3) analyzing retroreflectivity and color degradation in sign sheeting; 4) evaluating the effectiveness of LED enhanced stop paddles for school crossing guard use; 5) incorporating freight value into the Urban Mobility Report; 6) evaluating ASTM Standard Test Method E2177, retroreflectivity of pavement markings in a condition of wetness; 7) calibrating pavement performance prediction models; and 8) evaluating the effects of concrete curing compounds on hydration."
Date: June 2011
Creator: Hawkins, H. Gene; Almy, Isaac; Ballard, Lance; Brimley, Bradford; Huff, William; Larson, Gregory et al.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigate existing Non-Intrusive Inspection (NII) technologies for port cargo inspections

Description: "The goal of this research was to identify the most effective and efficient combination of NII technologies for inspecting cargo arriving at U.S. ports. For this purpose, a discrete-event simulation model was developed to simulate the cargo inspection procedure. By simulating the operations of different combinations of NII technologies, the effectiveness and efficiency of the various combinations were evaluated."
Date: September 2011
Creator: Salehi, Yasamin & Wang, Yubian
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

State commercial vehicle security enforcement: operations, technologies, and barriers

Description: "This report details the results of a survey of state enforcement agencies concerning past, present, and future enforcement practices and advanced technology use for commercial vehicle security, as well as recommendations for future improvements."
Date: August 2010
Creator: Walton, C. Michael & Conway, Alison J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department