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Fences and Goats in Mexico

Description: Photograph of a large series of buildings and compounds, with corrals in the center of the image. A stone and brick corral on the right side of the image contains goats; wooden fencing seem to separate several pens leading down to a larger area holding additional goats or cattle. Multi-story warehouse or office-type buildings are visible behind the pens, with trees and hills visible in the far background. Loose stones, barbed wire, and metal siding are visible in the foreground, in front of the corrals.
Date: 1950~/1959~
Partner: Cattle Raisers Museum

[Postcard of Cattle Round-Up]

Description: Postcard of a herd of dark-colored cattle graze in an open field. In the foreground, there appears to be an unpaved road and a barbed wire fence enclosing the field. Behind the herd, there are three people on horseback. In the background, there are mountains and the open area continues, covered in scrub and small bushes. On the back of the postcard, there is a typed note which reads "Whiteface Hereford cattle add life and color to the mountain pastures." and also a handwritten note that says, "Main kind of work in Fort Davis 50 to 100 years ago." There is also a stamp with the name "Barry Scobee" and "Fort Davis, Texas."
Date: unknown
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Texas Barbed Wire]

Description: Photograph of a wooden display board with samples of a variety of barbed wires used in Texas barbed wire. Each wire sample has a label, though they are unreadable. Shelves are partially visible on the left side of the photo. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "[William Franklin Mitchell] was the first man to string barbed wire in the Big Bend, where he fenced three sections as a holding trap at his Antelope Springs ranch in 1886. The days of the 'open plain' and the 'long drive' were coming to an end in West Texas" (p. 8).
Date: unknown
Partner: Marfa Public Library

Fence-Post Extractor.

Description: Patent for a fence-post extractor that is used by placing the extractor alongside the fence-post and extracting it in a vertical line including illustrations.
Date: August 28, 1900
Creator: Morgenthaler, Frank
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Combination Tool.

Description: Patent for a new and improved multi-tool. This design "consists in a combination-tool embodying in a single implement a nail and staple-puller, pinchers, nail-straightener, and wire-cutters, the device being more particularly designed for use in constructing, taking down, and resetting wire fencing" (lines 7-12).
Date: July 22, 1884
Creator: Beazley, James Harvey
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fence.

Description: Patent for a new and improved fence. This design "is to provide a simple and improved fence which can be built with superior facility and economy, and utilize trees in range with the fence, and which will furthermore possess advantages in point of inexpensiveness, durability, and general efficiency" (lines 12-17).
Date: July 28, 1885
Creator: Ferguson, John Stephenson
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fence.

Description: Patent for a new and improved fence. This design "ha[s] its rails arranged diagonally to the line of fencing, consisting of the double end posts, bound together at their upper ends by means of the crown-wire . . . the intermediate single posts, the horizontal rails having their ends alternately lapping the inner and outer sides of the said single posts, the transverse blocks, interposed between the respective rails, and the top rails bound to the single posts by means of the wire loops" (lines 78-88).
Date: May 20, 1884
Creator: Ford, Benjamin Franklin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wire Stretcher.

Description: Patent for a new and improved wire stretcher. This design "relates to that class of wire stretchers or tighteners which are adapted to be applied upon the strands of wire forming a fence, and are used to tighten or stretch the same by winding the strand about one end of the device and engaging the other end of the latter with the strand" ( lines 11-17).
Date: April 21, 1885
Creator: Irvine, John B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fence.

Description: Patent for a new and improved fence. This design consists in "[t]he combination of the fence-wires, the stay-rods having their lower ends fitted in the ground and provided with a series of steps or rests fitted to the fence wires, a series of tie-wires securing the fence-wires to said steps, and braces twisted around the stay-rods near the upper ends thereof and having their ends secured to buried anchors" (lines 59-66).
Date: February 7, 1888
Creator: Lott, Arthur
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wire Stretcher.

Description: Patent for a new and improved wire stretcher. This design "consists in the combination of a slotted lever provided with points at one end to catch against the side of the post and a hook over which one end of the chain is fastened, a sliding frame, a reel or drum, pawls, a guiding-pulley, a wire or chain, to which the clamp is secured, and a chain for fastening the stretcher to the post . . . [it] is to provide a slotted handle a sliding frame . . . so that when the strain of the wire being stretched is brought to bear upon the frame it will tighten" (lines 13-26).
Date: July 26, 1887
Creator: Dunbar, William E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Warning Strip for Wire Fences.

Description: Patent for a new and improved warning strip for wire fences. This design "relates to warning-strips for wire fences designed as a visible signal to indicate the presence of the fence, and thus prevent cattle from running against the same and tearing themselves on the barbs" (lines 9-13).
Date: August 9, 1887
Creator: Cloud, William Johnston
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fence.

Description: Patent for a new and improved fence. This design consists of cross-posts pivoted to a stringer, provided with a top-rail, having slats extending from the stringer to the ground, and secured to said stringer by barbed wire and staples (lines 36-40). This design is easily disassembled and moved, and the barbed wire prevents animals from disturbing it.
Date: February 12, 1884
Creator: Messenger, John William
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Plank Fence

Description: Patent for "invented certain new and useful Improvements in Fences" (lines 4-5) including instructions and illustrations.
Date: December 6, 1892
Creator: Jobe, Warren, Sr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Fences

Description: Patent for an improvement in fences through the manufacturing of a fence or fence-paneling of hoop-iron, so that it may be sold in sections of any desired length, rolled up in compact form, easily and cheaply transported to any distance, and put up by the farmer with rapidity and facility.
Date: June 4, 1872
Creator: Brown, Floyd G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fence.

Description: Patent for a new and improved fence. This design calls for two spring-bars to be driven into the ground alongside two crossbars and laced between the latter. This lacing of spring-bars allows for "much additional bracing strength" for the crossbars and enables barbed wire to be stretched along where the spring-bars intersect (line 33).
Date: April 11, 1882
Creator: Daviss, Horatio P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wire-Working Implement.

Description: Patent for an invention that stretches fencing wire that is being nailed or stapled into a post. The implement is also used for twisted two wires together.
Date: November 17, 1891
Creator: Murphy, George Washington
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Combination Tool.

Description: Patent for a new and improved multi-tool. This design "consists of a tool having a staple-holder, a driver, a chisel, a vise attachment, and a detachable driver adapted to be used with the vise to splice the ends of the wire in building wire fences, in which the tool is used for driving staples, cutting the wire, and splicing the wire, the several devices forming a combination-tool disposed for convenient use upon a stock or holder" (lines 9-17).
Date: March 3, 1885
Creator: Archer, Roger Williams
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fence.

Description: Patent for a new and improved fence. This design consists in "[t]he combination of upright posts having top cross-pieces provided with depending hooks at their ends, hooks pivoted at the bottom portion of the posts and extending laterally in opposite directions, and the panels comprising a series of longitudinal rails, the lower one of which is provided with staples at its ends, and provided with wire strands engaging the ends of the rails and extending longitudinally above the series of rails, the strands being engaged with the hooks upon the cross-pieces" (lines 83-94).
Date: April 7, 1885
Creator: Tillman, William A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[Old West Barbed Wire]

Description: 8 pieces of barbed wire mounted on masonite; label on back reads, "To Belton from the Sachtlebens". There is a label at the top of the board that says "Barb Wire From the Old West" as well as labels for each of the samples, from top to bottom: Brinkerhoff; T.V. Allis -- Buckthorn; Twisted Ribbon Wire; L. E. Suderland Kink; Scutt's Arrow Plate; Scutt's Clip; Brotherton 21/4 Inch Spacing; and Burnell Four Point.
Date: unknown
Partner: Star of the Republic Museum

Petition to the State Legislature

Description: Petition by citizens of Harris County to the State Legislature, asking to legalize barbed wire. A logo at the top of the page says, "Glidden's Patent, Steel Barb Fence Wire, Galvanized or Japanned." There is a description of the proposal followed by a list of handwritten signatures. Handwriting on the back of the page says, "Harris Co., Feb. 14/79" with additional notes.
Date: unknown
Partner: Star of the Republic Museum