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[Threshing crew dinner]

Description: Russell T. Forte has written on the envelope containing the negative that the photograph was used in March of 1962 for the U.S. Department of Agriculture photography division for the centennial photo exhibit. Narrative by Junebug Clark: Photographs is from the 1940s and is shot in Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. Here in this shot, which is an outtake, neighbors have gathered to harvest wheat while the women folk prepared a Harvest Dinner for them during a break.
Date: 1940
Creator: Clark, Joe
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Threshing crew]

Description: Narrative by Junebug Clark: Photographs is from 1940 and is shot in Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. Joe used to point out that this photo was taken, "before women's lib." Here in this shot, neighbors have gathered to harvest wheat while the women folk prepared a Harvest Dinner for them during a break.
Date: 1940
Creator: Clark, Joe
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Bringing the Heat]

Description: From harvesting the sorghum, to extracting cane juices, to boiling it down into molasses, this process can take weeks of round the clock cooperation between families, neighbors and friends to accomplish. As you can see in this photo the vats and fire places used are serious and meant to be used 'round the clock and shared by the harvest community. Narrative by Junebug Clark in the summer of 2014: Overall Background: These Molasses Making Stir-off photos were shot by Joe Clark HBSS in the early to mid-1940s. Either on the farm of Fred Whitaker about four miles southwest of Cumberland Gap, or in Cumberland Gap on the farm of Baptist preacher the Rev. Hugh Vancel. More information about these images can be found in scrapbooks in the Clark Family Collection at the University of North Texas Special Collections Library. Specifically in a Detroit news pictorial article published December 13, 1942 titles "stir-off party" where mountaineers make molasses and merriment. Also in life magazine published November 13, 1950 [page 156] titled “Stir-off Time in Tennessee, Fun Starts in Hills as Molasses Boils.’ Also in the library is the NBC Today Show story on Joe Clark HBSS by Bob Dotson. It features Joe Clark returning to Cumberland Gap Tennessee to photograph a molasses stir off taking place in the same location as some of these photographs and attended by some of the same people in the early 1980s. Let me briefly set the scene of the time and era that these photos were made. World War II was raging. Television did not exist. Radio reception sporadic in this mountain country. School was held only three months a year mostly during the winter months. Most news of the changes in the outside world was learned, they say, “By looking at pictures in the ...
Date: 194u
Creator: Clark, Joe
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Harvesting Cane]

Description: Narrative by Junebug Clark in the summer of 2014 Young Folks of the Burns and Evans families cut cane. Overall Background: These Molasses Making Stir-off photos were shot by Joe Clark HBSS in the early to mid-1940s. Either on the farm of Fred Whitaker about four miles southwest of Cumberland Gap, or in Cumberland Gap on the farm of Baptist preacher the Rev. Hugh Vancel. More information about these images can be found in scrapbooks in the Clark Family Collection at the University of North Texas Special Collections Library. Specifically in a Detroit news pictorial article published December 13, 1942 titles "stir-off party" where mountaineers make molasses and merriment. Also in life magazine published November 13, 1950 [page 156] titled “Stir-off Time in Tennessee, Fun Starts in Hills as Molasses Boils.’ Also in the library is the NBC Today Show story on Joe Clark HBSS by Bob Dotson. It features Joe Clark returning to Cumberland Gap Tennessee to photograph a molasses stir off taking place in the same location as some of these photographs and attended by some of the same people in the early 1980s. Let me briefly set the scene of the time and era that these photos were made. World War II was raging. Television did not exist. Radio reception sporadic in this mountain country. School was held only three months a year mostly during the winter months. Most news of the changes in the outside world was learned, they say, “By looking at pictures in the Sears catalogs.” They farmed steep and rolling hillsides of very poor land. In most of America, to help in the war effort, the rationing of food and other essentials was prevalent. Very few of these Tennessee mountaineers and hill folk had homes with electricity. None with indoor plumbing. Water came ...
Date: 194u
Creator: Clark, Joe
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Improvement in Fruit-Pickers.

Description: Patent for an improved fruit-picking tool explaining the construction and usage of the tool, including illustrations.
Date: June 11, 1878
Creator: McConnell, William V. & Dickerson, Charles M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Isaacson Gin Company

Description: Photograph of the Isaacson Gin Company, a cotton gin in El Campo, Texas, taken from a high angle and from a distance, capturing the entire structure and the surrounding homes that surround it. Several horse-drawn wagons are moving in a procession in an arc formation from the south-facing wall of the gin to the north-facing one. Groups of men can be seen directing them. Others are seen on the ground and on platforms near the cotton bales. The gin itself is a large two-story structure with gable roofs and a large pole extending from the direction of the smaller roofs. All the buildings in the background within the vicinity of the gin seem to be homes. They are built along the street that runs parallel to the gin's east-facing wall. The photograph has been pasted on a stiff mat with a decorative linear embossing that runs the perimeter of the image.
Date: September 16, 1916
Creator: El Campo Studio
Partner: Danish Heritage Preservation Society

Lunch in the Rice Field During Harvest

Description: Copy negative of a group of people standing around a horse-drawn loading bed. The horse has been mostly cropped out of the photograph, but his hind legs are visible on the rightmost part of the image. According to the accompanying information, this group of people is taking a break during a rice field harvest to have lunch. A few food items are visible in the bed.
Date: unknown
Partner: Danish Heritage Preservation Society

Truck Load Sacked Rice

Description: Copy negative of a group of people outdoors harvesting rice. A large truck faces the left and carries a large load of rice sacks on its bed. They have been stacked on top of each other and bulge outwards. On top of these, two men are seated. They both look to the direction where the photograph was taken. A third man standing near the back wheel and a woman seated inside the driver's side seat also look at the camera. In the distance, a large group of people can be seen standing near a tree.
Date: unknown
Partner: Danish Heritage Preservation Society

Andersen Family in Cotton Wagon

Description: Copy negative of the Andersen family on a cotton wagon at their farm. Around them, there is nothing but grasses. The majority of them, along with several children, are inside the wagon. The only two not inside it, a man and a woman, are standing in front of it near its wheel. A piece of fabric hangs from the right end of the wagon. Accompanying information indicates that it was called Old Hickory.
Date: unknown
Partner: Danish Heritage Preservation Society

Threshing on Paul Acheson's Rice Plantation

Description: Photograph of Paul Acheson's rice plantation in El Campo, Texas during a threshing session. A large mound of what appears to be grass and dirt is in the background. In front of it, a threshing machine is surrounded by a large group of people who are all facing forward and looking at the camera. On both the right and left sides of the image, horse-drawn wagons are visible. Two other unharnessed horses are farthest right in front of a what may be a second thresher. The photograph has been placed on a stiff mat board. A large portion of the top right corner has chipped off.
Date: 1903
Partner: Danish Heritage Preservation Society