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Photograph of a young Abner Rayburn

Description: Photograph of Abner Rayburn. The black and white photograph is of a young Abner Rayburn, possibly at age nine or ten (around 1900). He wears a dark, double breasted coat with a white collared shirt. The studio portrait shows Abner from the waist up. Abner was born in 1891, the youngest of Sam Rayburn's siblings and the only sibling born in Texas (the Rayburn family moved from Tennessee to Texas in 1887). He died in 1914 of typhoid fever.
Date: 1891/1914
Partner: Sam Rayburn House Museum

Plow.

Description: Patent for improved “reversible hillside-plows and enable the plowshare to be rapidly changed from one side of the plow to the other and to move in front of the standard and over the foot of the same and obviate the necessity of lifting the entire plow every time it is desired to change the position of the plowshare" (lines 10-17), includes illustration.
Date: March 10, 1891
Creator: Williams, Irvin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bank-Protector.

Description: Patent for improvements in bank-protectors by “providing doors, windows, and other openings with suitable metallic shields that may be readily placed in position by a slight movement of the hand or foot of the operator” (lines 19-23), illustration is included.
Date: March 17, 1891
Creator: Saxon, James A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hay-Press.

Description: Patent for improvements in baling-presses and is practically adapted to bale hay, in which “the hay may be held at the rear end of the frame against the pressure of the follower and head-blocks or presser-blocks.” (Lines 17-20) Illustration is included.
Date: August 11, 1891
Creator: Cox, Benjamin G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Marker Attachment for Plows.

Description: Patent for an “improved device to be used upon plows, and the objects are to provide means whereby the succeeding row to be plowed may be marked, thereby giving a uniform plowing to the field; furthermore, to provide for an adjustment of the marker, whereby the distance between the rows may be adjusted.” (Lines 8-15) Includes illustration.
Date: August 11, 1891
Creator: Marley, James D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Plow.

Description: Patent for improvements in plows by using “a double-mold-board plow comprising a plow-point provided with a shank, whose reverse inclines are slightly convex from the upper end of the shank to the plow-point, in combination with two mold-boards that are concavo-convex in cross-section as well as in longitudinal or vertical section” (p. 2, lines 44-50). The described construction of plow would enable the plow to thoroughly broken up the soil. Illustration is included.
Date: September 15, 1891
Creator: Rutherford, John W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rail-Joint.

Description: Patent for improvements in rail-joint fastenings by providing “curved fish-plates with bearing-surfaces adapted to receive rubber washers, and the bolt has a slot through which the tapered split key is passed and the thin portion thereof turned up against the bolt to prevent displacement.” (Lines 20-25) Thus it will “securely retain in position, easily removed when desired, and [will] prevent rattling sounds as the cars pass over the rails.” (Lines 16-19) Illustration is included.
Date: October 13, 1891
Creator: Wiley, John Martin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Extension-Ladder.

Description: Patent for improvements in extension ladder by using two sliding ladder sections, "these two sections can be secured by a windlass and a hook detachably bolted to the upper rung of the upper section." (Lines 38-40, p.3) Illustration is included.
Date: November 3, 1891
Creator: Crews, Dayton H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bank-Protector.

Description: Patent for a bank-protector that consists of vertically moving shields arranged just within the cashier's and teller's windows and the outer door of the bank, and a mechanism that allows the cashier to drop the shields and sound an alarm. Illustrations included.
Date: November 17, 1891
Creator: Saxon, James A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department