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Oral History Interview with Peter Almond, June 4, 2004

Description: Interview with Dr. Peter Almond talking about the history radiation therapy. He outlines the various treatments including the x-ray, cobolt-60, betatron, magnetron, klystron and cyclotron. He also talks about the emerging field of proton therapy. He also describes the early history of radiotherapy at MD Anderson especially under the direction of Drs. Gilbert Fletcher and Leonard Grimmet.
Date: June 4, 2006
Creator: Almond, Peter; Brunet, Lesley Williams & Olson, James Stuart
Partner: University of Texas MD Anderson Center

Oral History Interview with Charles A. LeMaistre, May 6, 2004

Description: Interview with Dr. Charles A. LeMaistre, beginning with the story about how he met his wife, Joyce Trapp LeMaistre. This story intermingles with his early career that lead him to his role as Chancellor at the University of Texas in Austin. Dr. LeMaistre offers insight into the effect desegregation had on the University of Texas campus and M. D. Anderson’s faculty diversity. He recounts how he was offered the presidential position at M. D. Anderson, the transition in administrative procedures, and growth of the institution. Dr. LeMaistre shares his wife’s personal fight with cancer and uses it as an example of how effective the institution’s policies and procedures. Dr. LeMaistre’s modesty in his administrative accomplishments shine a light on the high regard he had for his team and institutional family. The interview concludes with Dr. LeMaistre crediting members of the University Cancer Foundation Board of Visitors and donors.
Date: May 4, 2004
Creator: LeMaistre, Charles A.; Olson, James Stuart & Brunet, Lesley Williams
Partner: University of Texas MD Anderson Center

Oral History Interview with Eleanor MacDonald, May 19, 2000

Description: Interview with Eleanor MacDonald discussing her early life and education in New England; her early career in the Cancer Division in the American College of Surgeons; her recruitment and subsequent work at the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute; her work in developing the biostatistics coding in the early years of the institution; and her relationship with various physicians and luminaries of the Texas Medical Center.
Date: May 19, 2000
Creator: MacDonald, Eleanor & Marchiafava, Louis
Partner: University of Texas MD Anderson Center

Oral History Interview with Marion Wall Lowrey, May 5, 2001

Description: Interview with Marion Wall Lowrey talking about her career, especially her role at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center. She talks about her relationship with Dr. R. Lee Clark and his wife Dr. Bert Davis Clark. She also talks about the time when the institution was housed at the Baker Estate and segregation in the early years of the institution.
Date: May 5, 2001
Creator: Lowrey, Marion Wall & Brunet, Lesley Williams
Partner: University of Texas MD Anderson Center

Oral History Interview with Ornell H. Balzer, September 4, 2003

Description: Interview with Ornell Balzer, beginning with the evolution of her career at M.D. Anderson. She recounts how she moved to Houston after graduating from nursing school and her return to M.D. Anderson. Ms. Balzer then details her memories of time spent working at Baker Estate and her interactions with colleagues and patients.
Date: September 4, 2003
Creator: Balzer, Ornell H. & Brunet, Lesley Williams
Partner: University of Texas MD Anderson Center

Oral History Interview with Renilda Hilkemeyer, May 23, 2000

Description: Interview with Ms. Renilda Hilkemeyer, beginning with her early education and career. She explains how her career led to working in the field of oncology nursing. In this section of the interview, she highlights the development of training nurses, the stigmatism around cancer, and the value of hands-on experience. Ms. Hilkemeyer explains how she came to M. D. Anderson and the challenges she faced in developing the department of nursing, including staffing, interdepartmental collaboration, and institutional bureaucracy. The interview highlights the social issues of the time especially racial segregation and women in the work place. Ms. Hilkemeyer discusses the creation of a rehabilitation center at M. D. Anderson. She talks about her education programs to improve the care of patients. These broke role barriers and increased nursing qualifications. Ms. Hilkemeyer draws attention to her ground breaking education program for nurses in intravenous and chemotherapy procedures. This section also highlights her involvement in creating master and doctoral programs in nursing. Ms. Hilkemeyer discusses her awards and continued role in institutional committees since retirement. She concludes the interview in discussing the motivations and challenges in creating a child care center in 1963 and the honor of having it named after her in 1981.
Date: May 23, 2000
Creator: Hilkemeyer, Renilda & Marchiafava, Louis
Partner: University of Texas MD Anderson Center

Oral History Interview with T. C. Hsu, April 11, 2001

Description: Interview with Dr. Tao-Chiuh Hsu, beginning with the doctor recounting his early career in the United States as a graduate student at the University of Texas in Austin and the University of Texas, Medical Branch in Galveston. He shares his story about how he stumbled upon the hypotonic solution to separate chromosomes for deeper analysis of genes. Dr. Hsu explains his reasons for leaving the Medical Branch and joining M. D. Anderson for better laboratory and teaching opportunities. He shares an anecdote about the original main building of the institution. The interview explores Dr. Hsu’s promotions and positions held within the institution and touches on his relationships and collaborative work with Drs. R. Lee Clark, Charles M. Pomerat, Felix Haas, and Daniel Billen. Dr. Hsu shares his cultural experiences in terms of language barriers, naturalization and family immigration process. The interview concludes with Dr. Hsu answering questions about colleagues who worked with him in his lab over the years.
Date: April 11, 2001
Creator: Hsu, T. C. (Tao-Chiuh); Olson, James Stuart & Brunet, Lesley Williams
Partner: University of Texas MD Anderson Center

Oral History Interview with James M. Bowen, March 27, 2000

Description: Interview with Dr. Bowen, beginning with the origins of his interest in science. He discusses influential educational experiences and then chronicles the evolution of M. D. Anderson during the presidencies of Dr. R. Lee Clark and Dr. Charles LeMaistre. Dr. Bowen fondly compares the leadership styles of Dr. Clark and Dr. LeMaistre and how both men facilitated his own professional growth.
Date: March 27, 2000
Creator: Bowen, James M. & Marchiafava, Louis J.
Partner: University of Texas MD Anderson Center

Oral History Interview with T. C. Hsu, May 10, 2001

Description: Interview with Dr. Tao-Chiuh Hsu, continuing his reflections regarding his career at M.D. Anderson. The interview begins with a discussion of Dr. Felix Haas and the evolution of the department of biology. William R. Brinkley’s contributions and interactions with the department are recounted as well. Several of Dr. Hsu’s major accomplishments to science are highlighted including the development of chromosomal banding techniques, biological specimen banks, and cell preservation. The interview continues with a discussion of his sentiments regarding the re-organization of cell biology and his laboratory location within the Hermann Professional Building. A discussion regarding the collection of tissue samples from cats ends the interview. Several humorous stories regarding his personal life and work are also shared.
Date: May 10, 2001
Creator: Hsu, T. C. (Tao-Chiuh), 1917- & Brunet, Lesley Williams
Partner: University of Texas MD Anderson Center

Oral History Interview with Thomas Dunaway Anderson, May 04, 2000,

Description: Interview with Thomas Dunaway Anderson starting with his recollections of his uncle, Monroe Dunaway Anderson, the founder of the M.D. Anderson foundation and namesake of the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center. The interview continues with a description of the establishment and purpose of the M.D. Anderson Foundation and the growth and development of several recipients of M.D. Anderson’s philanthropy, including the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center and the Texas Medical Center. Thomas Anderson’s memories and interactions regarding Dr. Randolph Lee Clark, the first full-time president of what is known today as the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, are recounted as well. A discussion concerning Thomas Anderson’s family contributions associated with the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center and the Texas Medical Center ends the interview.
Date: May 4, 2000
Creator: Anderson, Thomas Dunaway & Marchiafava, Louis J.
Partner: University of Texas MD Anderson Center

Oral History Interview with Thomas S. Matney, September 27, 2007

Description: Interview tith Dr. Thomas S. Matney discussing his youth, family, education, and career at MD Anderson. He begins the interview by talking about growing up in Texas and attending Trinity University of his bachelor's and master's degrees. He discusses his early career at MD Anderson and his research into bacteria and genetics.
Date: September 26, 2007
Creator: Matney, Thomas S. & Brunet, Lesley Williams
Partner: University of Texas MD Anderson Center

Oral History Interview with Dora Geneva Clement

Description: Interview with Dora Geneva (Clement) Talkington (1886-1976) discussing how her family came to Texas and about growing up on her parents' farm, as well as other events including Theodore Roosevelt's visit to Waco when he was campaigning to be president.
Date: 1974~
Creator: McAmis, Odessa True Talkington & Talkington, Dora Geneva Clement
Partner: Talkington Clement Family Archives

Oral History Interview with James Macia, July 21, 2000

Description: Interview with James "Herb" Macia of San Antonio, Texas, who is a veteran of the United States Armed Forces during World War Two. In the interview, Mr. Macia recalls memories about growing up as well as his days as a mining engineer, the Doolittle Raid, North Africa, Normandy, and D-Day.
Date: July 21, 2000
Creator: Cox, Floyd & Macia, James
Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation

Oral History Interview with Jack Kleiss, September 29, 2000

Description: Interview with Jack Kleiss, a pilot during World War II. He discusses training for carrier landings on USS Enterprise; the arrival of VMF-211 aboard Enterprise and their delivery to Wake Island; and the attack on Pealr Harbor on 7 December 1941. Kleiss was in a dive bomber and attacked Japanese carriers at the Battle of Midway, where he earned the Navy Cross.
Date: September 29, 2000
Creator: Nichols, Chuck & Kleiss, Jack
Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation

Oral History Interview with Joyce E. Sarvey, October 21, 2000

Description: Interview with Joyce E. Sarvey discussing her work with Western Union in San Antonio, Texas during World War II.
Date: October 21, 2000
Creator: Pickard, Hesty & Sarvey, Joyce E.
Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation

Oral History Interview with David Braden, September 30, 2000

Description: Interview with David Braden, a member of the U.S. Air Force during World War II. He discusses his training in the U.S. to become a navigator; his deployment to Saipan with the 870th Squadron, 497th Bomb Group, 73rd Wing; initial attacks on Tokyo in a B-29 bomber at high altitude (during which the jet stream interfered with the bombing raids); a low-altitude fire-bombing mission over Tokyo in March, 1945; living conditions on base at Saipan; a mission in which the B-29 he was on ditched in the ocean and his subsequent rescue; Victory in Europe (V-E) Day on Saipan; completing 35 missions; and going home.
Date: September 30, 2000
Creator: Johnson, Kep & Braden, David
Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation

Oral History Interview with Ethel Reisberg Schectman, March 24, 2001

Description: Interview with Ethel Reisberg Schectman regarding her experiences during World War II. She begins by discussing her family background: her parents were Jews born in Poland and emigrated to the United States. Ethel's European aunts, uncles and grandparents all likely died in the Holocaust. As a first grade student, she taught her mother, a Polish immigrant, how to read and write English. She recalls, wartime rationing, Victory Gardens, scrap drives, and antisemitism among her school-aged classmates in Dallas, Texas, and the end of the war.
Date: March 24, 2001
Creator: Cox, Floyd & Schectman, Ethel Reisberg
Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation

Oral History Interview with Annie May Web, March 24, 2001

Description: Interview with Annie (Amy) May Webb discussing her husband's service and her experiences on the homefront during World War II. She describes delivering word of the birth of their daughter to her husband while he was aboard the USS Bennington serving with VMF-112.
Date: March 24, 2001
Creator: Bloomfield, Vivian & Webb, Annie May
Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation

Oral History Interview with Carl Peltier, March 4, 2001

Description: Interview with Carl Peltier, a U. S Marine during World War II. He begins by discussing his reaction to the attack on Pearl Harbor. He then joined the Marines when he was old enough. He trained in San Diego before shipping out to Hawaii where he joined the 2nd Marine Division. Further training included heavy weapons and mortars. Later, he landed on Saipan and describes his small arms and rations. He witnessed General Simon Buckner getting killed on Okinawa. He was later wounded on Okinawa. After the war ended, Peltier served in the Pentagon during the Korean War.
Date: March 4, 2001
Creator: Nichols, Chuck & Peltier, Carl
Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation

Oral History Interview with Elliott Ross, May 1, 2001

Description: Interview with Elliott Ross who joined the U.S. Navy during World War II. He discusses being a landing craft coxswain carrying troops and supplies from ships to the shore in seven invasions: Guam, Leyte, Luzon, Santacristo, Iwo Jima, Okinawa and as an occupation force in Japan after the surrender. He talks mostly about Guam, Leyte, Luzon, Iwo Jima, Okinawa and Japan, but also mentions burials at sea and on the beachs, seeing his brother's ship get hit by torpedoes, and the emotional toll of the war.
Date: May 1, 2000
Creator: Cox, Floyd; Misenhimer, Richard & Ross, Elliott
Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation

Oral History Interview with William F. Graham, March 24, 2001

Description: Interview with Bill Graham, a Marine during World War II. He begins by discussing joining the Navy and becoming a corpsman, then being transferred to the 2nd Marine Division after the Pearl Harbor attack. He also talks being in the first wave on Guadalcanal and various things that happened during the six months there, as well as contracting a severe strain of malaria, getting shipped back to the States and stationed near his home in Fort Worth, then returning to training in Virginia to prepare for an invasion of Japan.
Date: March 24, 2001
Creator: Smith, Ned A. & Graham, William F.
Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation

Oral History Interview with Joseph B. Brown, March 24, 2001

Description: Interview with Joseph Brown, who was in the Marine Corps during World War II. He discusses going to Guadalcanal, various guns and artillery he used, the battle of Tarawa and getting malaria just before it, then going to Hawaii for more training before returning to the South Pacific and fighting on Saipan and Tinian. He also discusses being wounded on Saipan, having a bayonet run through his forearm and keeping the bayonet as a souvenir after the war, and he talks about some of his experiences and travels after the war.
Date: March 24, 2001
Creator: Cox, William G. & Brown, Joseph B.
Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation

Oral History Interview with Garvin Kowalke, January 23, 2001

Description: Interview with Garvin Kowalke, a pilot during World War II. He discusses joining the Army Air Corps, going to Air Cadet training to become a pilot, and training on various aircraft (AT-17, UC-78, P-36, P-33, T-6, BT-13, B-17, B-29) before becoming a B-29 pilot; he shipped out to Guam and flew standard and fire bombing runs over Japan. He discusses having to ditch the plane on the way back to Guam once when the engines failed, seeing another B-29 crew have to bail out over Toyko Bay and get picked up by a U.S. submarine that was in the Bay, getting pulled down to the fires when they were trying to hide in the smoke to avoid Japanese fighter planes, and getting caught in a storm by Mount Fujiyama, as well as collecting data such wind direction, speed, and temperature over Hiroshima for future bombing runs, which turned out to be for the bombers who dropped the atomic bomb. He also talks about flying over Hiroshima two days after the bombing and gauging how high the radiation levels were at different altitudes. He also talks about being in the Korean and Vietnam Wars, becoming a B-57 pilot, and adopting a baby boy from Germany after the war, then a little girl while he was stationed in Hawaii after the Korean War.
Date: January 23, 2001
Creator: Cox, Floyd & Kowalke, Garvin
Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation

Oral History Interview with Al Flocke, October 22, 2000

Description: Interview with Al Flocke, a radio operator during World War II. He discusses his flight training and being the radio operator on a B-24 bomber which did raids on Guam, Turk, Iwo Jima and other islands. He also relates anecdotes about food, rations, and living conditions on the islands.
Date: October 22, 2000
Creator: Nichols, Chuck & Flocke, Al
Partner: National Museum of the Pacific War/Admiral Nimitz Foundation