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Compensating Pump-Spring.

Description: Patent for improvements in compensating pump-springs by “storing up in the downward or idle stroke of the suction-rod, a power which is expended during the upward stroke to assist the crank in lifting the rod; and at the same time reducing the power required to drive the pump, equalizing the resistance, increasing the efficiency and generally prolonging the life of the entire mechanism.” (Lines 36-40) Illustration is included.
Date: April 21, 1891
Creator: Black, William L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Grain-Scale.

Description: Patent for “improvements in grain-scales, especially adapted for location at the rear end of a trashing-machine and for receiving therefrom the thrashed grain, weighing and subsequently bagging the same in predetermined quantities” (lines 7-12), includes illustration.
Date: March 17, 1891
Creator: Butts, Alexander W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Railroad-Gate.

Description: Patent for improvements in automatic railway and farm gates by using a combination and arrangement of two supporting-frames, two sliding gates, a diagonal rod to secure the gates; with three levers each having its own functions, and two friction rollers. Illustration is included.
Date: May 12, 1891
Creator: Wood, Horace Overall & Smith, Sanford Sanders
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Soldering-Tool.

Description: Patent for an improved soldering-tool by having a reservoir for gasoline or other light hydrocarbon, a burner-tube, and a valve for regulating the combustion of the gasoline and heating the tool continuously and uniformly, without a furnace. Illustration is included.
Date: February 17, 1891
Creator: Barber, Edwin L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Washing-Machine.

Description: Patent for an improvement in washing-machines by using a novel arrangement of the rollers, the tub-supporting frame, the horizontal swinging rubber, and a series of closely arranged longitudinal spiral springs; so that “the pressure upon each separate article can be adjusted or regulated by the judgment of the [operator].” (Lines 12-14) Illustration is included.
Date: April 7, 1891
Creator: Bennington, William J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Washing-Machine.

Description: Patent for improvement in "the construction of washing-machines and increase their efficacy and produce a thorough rubbing of the clothes and to prevent the latter being torn or in any wise injured by the rubbing action," (lines 11-15) includes illustration.
Date: February 24, 1891
Creator: Walter, George P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Washing-Machine.

Description: Patent for improvements in washing-machines by using a combination of adjustable stationary rubbing-board and a rotary rubbing-cylinder to regulate the pressure on the clothes and at the same time, clothes can be cleaned without injury to them. Illustration is included.
Date: April 7, 1891
Creator: Polk, Kindrick Ford
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gate.

Description: Patent for a gate that is "a structure hanging and sliding by means of rollers on an inclined cross-bar, and so connected by ropes and pulleys to stationary posts that a person approaching it on horseback or in a vehicle may easily open the gate (without dismounting) by pulling the rope, and on releasing the rope the gate will close automatically" (lines 12-19); illustration is included.
Date: March 3, 1891
Creator: Smith, William H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Chicken-Coop.

Description: Patent for improvements in coops for fowls and other birds by using a combination of a cage with a door having a depending leg, a post and a lever for raising and lowering the cage; the cage door is “automatically opened when lowered and closed as it is raised,” (lines 75-76) "so that the young will be out of danger from attacks of rodents, collecting water, &c...," (lines 22-23) includes illustration.
Date: March 24, 1891
Creator: Harp, Charles A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cotton-Sack Carrier.

Description: Patent for a device that carries the sacks used in cotton cultivation, with instructions and illustrations.
Date: March 23, 1891
Creator: Warren, John & Johnson, William Oscar
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Whiffletree.

Description: Patent for an improvement in whiffletrees, made out of steel. It includes a description and illustration.
Date: April 21, 1891
Creator: Flatau, Louis S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wheel.

Description: Patent for "improvements in wheels particularly designed for use on harvesters in heavy or muddy ground." (Lines 8-10) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: March 19, 1891
Creator: Stroud, Wiley N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wire-Tightener.

Description: Patent for "an improved wire-tightener especially designed for use in the tightening of wires in the construction of fences and in taking up slack after such fences have been constructed, but which instrument is also capable of use in tying packages with wire, binding planks to posts, and in other instances where it is desirable to tighten wire and secure it when so tightened." (Lines 7-15) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: September 7, 1891
Creator: Flatau, Louis S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Churn.

Description: Patent for an improvement in churn by using a combination of a sliding bar, a cord secured to the dasher-shaft, and vertical rods to create a mechanical movement that would wind and unwind the cord in order to operate the churn. Illustration is included.
Date: March 3, 1891
Creator: Crouch, Riley
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Vehicle-Brake.

Description: Patent for an improvement in automatic vehicle-brakes by using sliding rods that are movable within staples or guides and a brake-bar indirectly attached to the rear axle by means of a coiled spring. When the brake bar moves forward, it forces the break-shoes from contacting the wheels. When the brake bar moves backward, it forces the brake-shoes into contact with the wheels, thus stopping the vehicle. Illustration is included.
Date: March 3, 1891
Creator: Gregory, Joseph Pinkney
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Plow.

Description: Patent for an improvement in plows by “employing a combined brace for the mold-board and a locking device for the share” (lines 46-48), including illustration.
Date: March 3, 1891
Creator: Hyer, Robert Stewart
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Plow.

Description: Patent for an improvement in plows by using a series of spring-tines that are secured above the mold-board, when in operation these independently-moving tines “serve to jar and break the clods, thus not only pulverizing the clods to a certain degree but also insuring the freeing of the tines of all dirt” (lines 90-93), including illustration.
Date: March 3, 1891
Creator: Ball, Alfred Fine
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Planter.

Description: Patent for an improved planting machine by securing a seed-plate with a central longitudinal slot, in the bottom of the hopper, a circular seed disk is placed into the slot; two pairs of gage-plates arranged at the front and rear end of said slot. These gage-plates can be adjusted to regulate the quantity of seeds being discharged when planting cotton. When planting corn, the rear pair of gage-plates can be brought closely together to prevent the escape of seeds. Illustration is included.
Date: March 10, 1891
Creator: Cayton, James Calvin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Plow.

Description: Patent for improved “reversible hillside-plows and enable the plowshare to be rapidly changed from one side of the plow to the other and to move in front of the standard and over the foot of the same and obviate the necessity of lifting the entire plow every time it is desired to change the position of the plowshare" (lines 10-17), includes illustration.
Date: March 10, 1891
Creator: Williams, Irvin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mosquito-Canopy Frame.

Description: Patent for an improved mosquito canopy frame using two different forms of locks and metal loops with screws or nails to increase the strength of the parts which “insure easy attachment and detachments of parts and at the same time preserve a close joint” (line 100-102), includes illustration.
Date: March 10, 1891
Creator: Jatho, Adam
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rein-Holder.

Description: Patent for a rein-holder that is made with one piece of metal which can be attached to the dash-board of a vehicle, includes illustration.
Date: March 10, 1891
Creator: Shurmon, James D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Garbage-Furnace.

Description: Patent for an improved garbage-furnace which consist of a chamber having a grate for the reception of the garbage, a fire-box at each end, and a sand-box between the fire-boxes below the grate, grate-bars are arranged over the fire-boxes and extending from the bridge-wall, when the fire-boxes are ignited, garbage is introduced through the feed holes, the smoke, gases, fumes & etc. from the burning fuel and the garbage passed through a channel leading to the chimney. Illustration is included.
Date: March 10, 1891
Creator: Brownlee, Alexander
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Animal-Trap.

Description: Patent for an improved animal trap for “catching small animals in a trap which will be ever set and in operative position for catching an animal and which will be automatically reset” (lines 10-13), illustration is included.
Date: March 17, 1891
Creator: Bassinger, Stephen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Combination-Plow.

Description: Patent for combination-plow by providing a plow with “interchangeable parts, whereby the same may be used as a double-foot plow, a middle-breaking plow adapted for deep and shallow running and a sweep-stock” (lines 10-13), includes illustration.
Date: March 17, 1891
Creator: Davis, William H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department