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Railroad-Tie.

Description: Patent for a railroad-tie that improves on a patent granted to John C. Lee (No. 513,792). The improvement that simplifies and makes the tie stronger and uses less materials.
Date: November 5, 1895
Creator: Mansfield, Robert Allen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Method of and Apparatus for Treating Mineral Pitch.

Description: Patent for an "improved method of and apparatus for treating mineral pitch and similar material to readily separate the asphalt and asphalt-oils from sand, bituminous rock, and other impurities contained in the mined material and removing the sand and impurities" (lines 12-17). The method circulates the material in hot water to separate the asphalt and asphalt-oils from the sand and impurities. The asphalt and oil rise to the top of the water and the impurities sink.
Date: November 5, 1895
Creator: Sellers, Harvey Lee; Conyngton, Hugh Ronald & Conyngton, Thomas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Street-Sprinkling Appratus.

Description: Patent for an inexpensive street-sprinkling apparatus. It can be steam, electric, cable, or horse powered, and can sprinkle a wide or narrow street. "The invention consists in a vehicle preferably running upon a railway-track and provided with a water-tank and with independent sprinklers or final-distributors or sets of distributors, the one located at an end or the ends of the vehicle and discharging by gravity, and the other at the sides thereof, toward an end or the ends, and discharging under pressure or by force" (lines 24-33). Water is pressurized in the tank, and uses the force of gravity to distribute it.
Date: November 5, 1895
Creator: Campbell, Louis W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wire Stretcher and Tightener.

Description: Patent for a wire stretcher and tightener meant for wire fence rails. It is easy and convenient to use, and consists of a lever with a fixed pulley on one end, a rope or chain passes through the pulley, and the rope or chain has hooks attached to its ends.
Date: November 5, 1895
Creator: Farmer, Francis Marion
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gage.

Description: Patent for a gage that has a beam with a saw kerf at one end, a clamp made up of a tube with parallel wings that are inserted into the kerf, a scribing point in the tube, "and means for clamping the separated ends of the beam tightly against the parallel wings of the clamp" (lines 57-59).
Date: November 12, 1895
Creator: Holmes, Elijah H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Attachment for Penholders.

Description: Patent for a simple and effective attachment for penholders. It is "readily and easily attached to a penholder, and which is adapted to protect the fingers of the hand and prevent them from coming in contact with the pen or with the inked portion of the holder" (lines 15-19).
Date: November 12, 1895
Creator: McDonald, Michael Shaw
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pruning Implement.

Description: Patent for a simple, inexpensive, and efficient pruning implement meant to prune trees, cutting brush, and trimming hedges. It has a reciprocating knife, an improved hatchet-blade, and an extensible saw-blade "which is seated within a groove or recess in the shank of the implement and capable of being extended and held in operative position by means of a retaining-spring" (lines 16-20).
Date: November 12, 1895
Creator: Baiey, George M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Washing-Machine.

Description: Patent for a washing machine that has a cylindrical drum with heads, slats, and openings, a door with slats and cross-pieces, a stay that is attached to the bottom of a cross-piece, and a thumb-screw that is countersunk in the stay and holds it in place.
Date: November 12, 1895
Creator: King, Theophless J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Seed-Planter.

Description: Patent for a seed-planter that can be used with corn, peas, and cotton. It has a changeable gear, an upright frame, an axle and supporting-wheel, a crank shaft, vertical slots, a toothed disk, and a hopper.
Date: November 12, 1895
Creator: Mabry, Davis L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electric Switch.

Description: Patent for an electric switch meant for the Edison three-wire system. It provides "means whereby the translating devices on either side of the middle wire may be supplied with electricity to the exclusion of those on the opposite side, the return-current from said translating devices being transmitted by way of the middle wire" (lines 11-16).
Date: November 12, 1895
Creator: Mottram, William T. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Plow.

Description: Patent for a plow that has a revolving moldboard and parts for using and cleaning the moldboard.
Date: November 12, 1895
Creator: Sevier, Samuel G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lantern.

Description: Patent for a simple and inexpensive oil lantern made to operate in strong winds. It is "easily handled and manipulated for adjusting and fastening the several parts thereof properly in position" (lines 17-19).
Date: November 12, 1895
Creator: Holden, William G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Clothes-Pounder.

Description: Patent for a clothes-pounder that is simple and effective with the operator using the minimum amount of energy. It is conical with a smaller cone inside it. A diaphragm is between the cones and the brace, and an is air vent inside it.
Date: November 19, 1895
Creator: Bain, WIlliam W. & Bain, William M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Axle-Box.

Description: Patent for a simple, inexpensive, and durable wheel-axle box that is "adapted to contain a supply of lubricating material and constructed to feed the same continuously to the axle-spindle to prevent overheating, and furthermore, to provide means for preventing ingress of dust" (lines 9-14).
Date: November 19, 1895
Creator: Casto, Tony Lo
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Car for Pneumatic Railways.

Description: Patent for a car for pneumatic railways meant to "provide a car especially adapted for the [air-]tube, the same being constructed with track-wheels in the central line of the cars" (lines 12-15). It is also "a double car divided lengthwise centrally by a partition-wall, through which communication may be had between a car-section - that is, between the double car within the same - and to provide each end portion of this double car with a door" (lines 17-22). There are two track-wheels above the below the car and one above.
Date: November 19, 1895
Creator: Rush, Cicero Alonzo
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hame.

Description: Patent for a harness-hame and "contemplates the provision of improved means forming a part of the hames for securing the trace-chains thereto; also the provision of an improved trace-link adapted for connection with said securing means in a manner to insure maximum strength" (lines 15-21).
Date: November 19, 1895
Creator: Anderson, Lee
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electric Time-Signaling Apparatus.

Description: Patent for an electric time-signaling apparatus meant for use in hotels or other places where employees need to be alerted. The invention rings a bell and turns on a light when the signals goes off. "If the current of an incandescent electric-light system was electrically connected with a time-circuit, it would destroy the whole mechanism of the time-circuit" (lines 26-29).
Date: November 19, 1895
Creator: Todd, James T. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Combined Tabled, Copy, and Bill Holder.

Description: Patent for a combined tablet, copy, and bill holder meant to hold "file-pins in their operative and inoperative positions, to provide simple and improved means whereby a tablet or bills may be covered when not in use or when carrying the device, to protect the same from dirt, &c. and, furthermore, to provide improved means for supporting the holder in position for transcribing" (lines 12-18).
Date: November 26, 1895
Creator: Stuart, Benjamin Franklin & Willson, Frederick WIlliam
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Railway-Tricycle.

Description: Patent for a railway-tricycle that consists "of a frame carrying a front and rear wheel, a cross-bar mounted to swing on the said frame and carrying a guide-wheel for the second rail, and a handle-bar connected with the said cross-bar to manipulate the latter" (line 14-19).
Date: November 26, 1895
Creator: Mellor, William J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Umbrella-Stand.

Description: Patent for an umbrella-stand. It is meant to display umbrellas, parasols, walking-canes, etc. The frame is made from tubing secured by wire, a channeled plate along the sides of the frame, and the base is adapted to support umbrella tips.
Date: November 26, 1895
Creator: Perry, Thomas C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lumber-Trimmer.

Description: Patent for an improved lumber-trimmer that has "a suitable carriage or number of carriages for conveying the lumber a series of swinging frames, which carry belted saws and also supporting-wheels, which wheels, if not tripped, will ride over the lumber, carrying the saws up with them out of an operative position, but which wheels, if tripped, will ride over the lumber, but permit the suspended saws to remain in operative position to trim the lumber at different points in its length, as may be desired" (lines 23-33).
Date: December 3, 1895
Creator: Coleman, Thomas A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Trolley-Wire Crossing.

Description: Patent for "a trolley-wire crossing in which the bottom part of the cross on which the trolley runs is on a level with the trolley-wire, whereby all hindrances to the trolley are prevented." (Lines 13-17) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: December 3, 1895
Creator: Kinney, John C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pipe-Wrench.

Description: Patent for "a pipe-wrench with a pivoted jaw which shall rest at its rear end against a solid support when gripping the pipe, so that all strain shall be taken from its pivot, while the wrench shall also have a stationary jaw with two bearings for pipes of varying sizes to rest against and shall also have a setter to act against the rear of the movable jaw." (Lines 15-22) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: December 3, 1895
Creator: Riza, Mike Henry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cattle-Guard for Railroads.

Description: Patent for an improved and inexpensive railroad cattle-guard that "can be readily secured to the road-bed of a railroad, as well as easily removed therefrom, as in case of needed repair, or for other purposes" (lines 19-22). The invention provides an uneven surface for the cattle to walk on.
Date: December 3, 1895
Creator: Lee, Jacob M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department