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Can Folk Be Saved Out of Church?

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. Using this particular sermon chart, as the preacher reads down the pages, first the left, then the right page, he traces the meaning of identity in the people of God. He moves quickly to the church, citing Ephesians 1 and Colossians 1. This sermon explores, if only in a basic way, a common understanding of ecclesiology, or the doctrine of the church, among Churches of Christ. By employing imagery of the large book, presumably a Bible, as the backdrop for the chart contents, the preacher reinforces a notion that he speaks only from the Bible. In this way the chart reflects both a doctrinal commitments, but also a persuasive rhetorical strategy.
Date: [1900..1960]
Creator: Villines, Frank (1899-1979)
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Can All Understand Bible Alike

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. In this particular sermon chart, affirming first that a "guide [is] needed" the preacher stresses the Bible is intended for "plain" or "common folk." Confident of humanity's capacity to "understand" and given the simple nature of the Bible, he stresses therefore that "God demands" humans to be "of one mind" as was the "early church." If his hearers will reject "prejudice," "creeds" and their "lack of study' they too can be "one."
Date: [1900..1960]
Creator: Villines, Frank (1899-1979)
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Christian Warfare, Armor

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. This particular sermon chart uses the image of a Christian as a "good soldier" (citing 2 Timothy 2:3), with the preacher describing the armor, weaponry, enemies of the Christian soldier. He also clarifies the nature of such warfare, and finally elucidates enlistment procedures in a transition from sermon to invitation.
Date: [1900..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Christ's Coming-How?-What Will Occur?

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. In this particular sermon chart, the rationale for the green and blue lettering is unclear: in some cases a subject is highlighted, in others a textual reference. The red-lettered words seem to function to grab the hearers attention. The sermon's plan is clear: present biblical data about the return of Christ, from its nature and character to its timing and results. In what appears to be the climactic illustration of the sudden and dramatic nature of the return of Christ, the preacher refers to "children looking for parents---Johnstown Flood." The Johnstown Flood occurred 31 May 1889 in Johnstown, Pennsylvania; one of the most severe floods of its kind, it claimed the lives of over 2,000 persons.
Date: [1900..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Evolution and Bible

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. Though the first section of this particular sermon appears in two columns, it does not appear to be a contrast in substance. Rather the preacher applies selected Bible citations (eight, in red) to certain elements of "evolution." A clear contrast follows in a series of "chasms they cannot bridge" followed by two questions about "missing links" and "new species." Finally, the preacher assails additional aspects of evolutionary theory; a contemporary reference that evolutionary theory is "taught in schools, and Bible not?" may indicate a date for the sermon in the 1920s or after.
Date: [1900..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Do Christ and Apostles Contradict

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. In this particular sermon chart, the preacher offers a way to understand sixteen (these sub-headings are in red) contradictions between Jesus and the apostles. These subheadings are either Bible verses (John 3:16, Matthew 18:3) or topics (Works, Obedience). The chart cites 92 Bible verses.
Date: [1900..1960]
Creator: Villines, Frank (1899-1979)
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

God in the Affairs of Men

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. In this particular sermon chart, using green textual references and red summaries, the preacher utilizes Biblical examples of divine-human interaction to motivate his hearers to place themselves where God can "use [them]." The theological bottom line is the chart's closing line: his sermon addresses that which "mold[s] destiny and reward." The question for the hearers is whether they will avail themselves of the preacher's message.
Date: [1900..1960]
Creator: Villines, Frank (1899-1979)
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Compromise--Types

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. An eight-point sermon with forty-seven citations of Bible texts, this particular sermon chart develops several aspects of "compromise." The root issue for the preacher is the distinctive identity of the Church of Christ: separate from the "world," "human machinery," "union meetings [with other religious groups, specifically "Jews, Catholics, Mormons"]" and "pleasures." The sermon is addressed to church members and therefore is hortatory: do not "compromise." Yet the sermon ends with an evangelistic thrust in points VII and VIII. The preacher appeals to men who say "let women & children go." He appeals to any hearer to "take your stand" before it is "too late."
Date: [1900..1960]
Creator: Villines, Frank (1899-1979)
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Compromising

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. In this particular sermon chart, it does not appear that the items on the left corresponded directly to each item on the right column. However, a contrast appears to be in the preacher's mind as illustrated by Biblical examples of moral or spiritual compromise and temptation. Next is a survey of the contemporary Christian landscape with critiques of, among others, creeds, "church and human organizations," Holy Days, societies, conventions and the Mourner's Bench. Rather than show "weakness" by "lack of conviction" the preacher urges listeners to "stand firm for God and divine pattern."
Date: [1900..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Divine and Human Sides of Salvation

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. On this particular sermon chart, the left column develops the initiative taken by God for human salvation. Drawing from several texts, the center of gravity in the preacher's thought appears to be 'grace.' The human side, in a word, is subsumed under 'faith.' Two ideas recur in both columns: one, a question: "Does grace forbid or demand obedience?" while the other states God "is dependent/depends" on humans. In his "grace" God offers a "plan" by which in "faith" persons acquire salvation. In the sermon's inner logic humans depends on God for grace, and God depends on persons for obedience to his plan. Together, grace, blood, faith and obedience secure salvation. The conclusion ties these concepts together.
Date: [1900..1960]
Creator: Villines, Frank (1899-1979)
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

General, Future, Final Judgment

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. A sermon in ten points, this particular sermon chart straightforwardly lists various aspects of judgment. There appears to be no unifying theme running through the ten categories that demands of them their particular sequence. The preacher cites seventy-two total Bible passages.
Date: [1900..1960]
Creator: Villines, Frank (1899-1979)
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

The Gospel Paul Preached

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. Using bold black letters with red Bible citations and gold highlighting, this particular sermon chart outlines the essential characteristics and contours and content of Paul's preaching. The sermon moves from the divine origin of Paul's message with its cross-centered focus to delineate its several aspects and implications. The right column transitions to a presentation of the 'plan of salvation.' Grounding it first in the "blood of Christ" and in the proclamation of the gospel (rather than any "direct work" of the Holy Spirit), the preacher "persuade[s] all to be Christians." Marked by gold flourishes, the preacher emphasizes the plan of salvation, especially so concerning baptism. He concludes by inviting introspection, asking "Is this what YOU did?"
Date: [1900..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Little Red String

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. This particular sermon chart is very likely designed to attract attention and pique interest, and the "little red string" becomes a metaphor for the importance of precision obedience. The central motif "marks of identity" is especially important to the preacher; his wish is that his hearers "hang up blood line in our life, Eph. 1:7." Just as Rahab (see Joshua 6:18) obeyed using "not white [or] yellow [but] red string," so modern believers must likewise precisely obey God in the matters detailed on the chart's right column.
Date: [1900..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

The New Birth

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. Using John 3:3-8 as a key text the preacher uses this sermon chart to discuss physical and spiritual birth, noting that a "coming out of" water is as natural for spiritual birth as it is for physical birth. Accordingly, for any "new birth" to be valid, a person must experience baptism following faith, repentance and confession. Further, just as physical birth does not produce "full grown" persons, so spiritual "babes" are to grow by obedience to law.
Date: [1900..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Love For The Truth of God

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. In this particular sermon chart, the story of Ahab (King of Israel) and the prophet Micaiah in 1 Kings 22 form the introduction to this sermon. In it Micaiah speaks truth to power, inciting the king's hatred. Citing numerous examples from the Bible wherein, like Ahab, truth was despised by some character in the story, the preacher affirms "truth is important." He relishes from the Psalms the beauty of truth, working ultimately to the conclusion that the Bible "all the truth" as given to the apostles. It remains then to "obey it to be saved." The chart's backdrop, presumably an open Bible, adds strength to the sermon's persuasive power further conveying that the Bible is truth and that the sermon is derived solely from the Bible.
Date: [1900..1960]
Creator: Villines, Frank (1899-1979)
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Resurrection of Christ

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. This particular sermon chart illustrates a sermon in four points. The main thrusts of each are: Jesus was "really dead," the tomb was empty, if the resurrection was a "vision or hallucination," and the many witnesses of the life and ministry of Jesus. The final point transitions into an appeal based on the evidence presented. Affirming from the four points that Jesus' "right to authority" is unquestionable, the preacher finally "declares our faith" urging hearers to "...obey him...live for Him and be Ready."
Date: [1900..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Supreme, Universal, Final Authority of Christ

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. On this particular sermon chart, the stylized hands flanking the cross, with fingers pointing to it, emphasize the sermon's main point. The colored lettering emphasizes, strikingly, the same point. Setting up a contrast against the three branches of the US Federal Government (Legislative-Judicial-Executive), the preacher declares Christ is "LORD of ALL" and "HEAD in ALL."
Date: [1900..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Spiritual Growth

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. In this particular sermon chart, it appears the preacher assumes the hearers are Christian, that they have, as in the introduction from Matthew 25:1-13, assumed the role of 'wise virgins' and from 2 Peter 1:4, partake of the "divine nature." The preacher's task, therefore, is to explore what constitutes Christian "Spiritual Growth." The several texts with direct explanations provide opportunity to develop this theme.
Date: [1900..1960]
Creator: Villines, Frank (1899-1979)
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Baptism--its Action and Purpose

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. In this particular sermon chart, using Acts 19:1-5 as a key text, the sermon begins with the matter of definitions; first transliterated Greek words, then Webster and finally an array of Bible citations to arrive at a definition of baptism as "burial, planting, washing" (as highlighted in red in the left column). This point is further stressed from Romans 6:17-18 and 1 Corinthians 15:1-4: that the "D.B.R." (death, burial and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth) is foundational Christian doctrine expressed in the life of a believer in immersion in water. The right column explores the purposes of baptism. For this preacher apparently the fundamental purpose of baptism is to (in red letters) "obey God."
Date: [1900..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Anything in a Name?

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. In this particular sermon chart, the preacher's chief concern is the name by which a local group of Christians is known. A fundamental point underlying this sermon is the conviction that "Bible names unite -- human [names] divide." A name is not a small matter for the church, just as it was significant for Israel. The call, therefore, to hearers is to utilize only 'Bible' or 'Biblical' names for congregations.
Date: [1900..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Chain of Salvation

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. Organized in four distinct sections, this particular sermon chart pursues a golden chain through thirty-nine Bible references. The red-lettered one-word themes progress from the Trinity (Father, Son, Sprit) through the grace and the death of Jesus to the proclamation of the gospel. The chain is complete upon the reception of the "Plan of Salvation" in the life of the believer. It is unclear what "D.B.," "D.M.," "H.B.," and "H.M." represent.
Date: [1900..1960]
Creator: Villines, Frank (1899-1979)
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Saved by Grace-Eph 2:8

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. In this particular sermon chart, the preacher understands grace to be the organizing principle undergirding the seven means of salvation cited in the upper left column. Each appears to emerge from grace. Next the preacher presents the plan of salvation ([H]ear, [B]elieve, [R]epent, [C]onfess, [B]aptism) as it was also practiced by the Ephesians. Further, Paul was also "saved by grace" in this manner. It appears the second set of abbreviations stand for faith, repentance, baptism and obedience in the grace and blood of Christ. The final appeal, "Why should his great love -- grace -- blood be in vain?" draws the hearers to the point of decision and closes the sermon on an evangelistic note.
Date: [1900..1960]
Creator: Villines, Frank (1899-1979)
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Salvation: Past, Present, Future

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. In this particular sermon chart, the preacher establishes in Point #1 what it means to "be saved" or acquire salvation. Thus acquired, salvation as presently enjoyed (Point #2) consists of an awareness, vigilance and determination (A) coupled with an understanding of its eternal nature (B). In his final point the preacher emphasizes and describes the nature and quality of future salvation.
Date: [1900..1960]
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library

Worldliness in the Church

Description: A bed sheet with text and/or artwork used as a visual aid to a preacher's sermon. In this particular sermon chart, which employs a compare/contrast model, the preacher places "Devil, World, Flesh" to one side of a large golden cross and "God, Church, Soul" to the other. Aimed at church members, the sermon reinforces Christian morality by grounding its exhortations in Biblical texts and examples. The questions at the bottom of each column express the sermon's leading thrust.
Date: [1900..1960]
Creator: Villines, Frank (1899-1979)
Partner: Abilene Christian University Library