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McKamy Springs, Richardson, Texas

Description: Natural spring, with a stone and concrete structure built around and over it. A half-dome stone-trimmed 'grotto' covers the spring. A man-made canal channels the visible water. A plaque is set into a stone/cement low monument inside the canal. It reads: "The Yoiuane tribe of the Caddo group of Indians lived here as early as 1690 to 1840. They hunted buffalo and deer on the prairie. They used McKamy Spring as a watering place. It was from these friendly Tejas Indians that Texas got her name." The spring is located within a 2 acre park, called McKamy Spring Park, in south-east Richardson. Native people last known to have camped at the spring were of a Caddoan-speaking tribe. The Bowser family once owned the property, and then T. F. McKamy (1925-1927). Part of the old stagecoach route extending from Breckenridge ran near this site as well.
Date: 1920/1930
Partner: Richardson Public Library

Midland County Courthouse, historic plaque on grounds

Description: Photograph of a historical marker in Midland, Texas. It reads: "Midland County (created and organized, March 1885). First known as the junction of many trails and site of the last Comanche raid into Texas. In 1881 the Texas and Pacific Railroad was built; equi-distant between El Paso and Fort Worth, this became known as Midland. First settler was a sheepman in 1882. Cattlemen came with Herefords in 1888. Water wells and windmills lured small farmers. Became headquarters for 1928 Permian Basin oil discovery. In 1945 its first well came in. The "Midland Man", oldest skeletal remain in North America (18,500 B.C.(, was found in 1954. (1967)"
Date: August 6, 2005
Creator: Belden, Dreanna L.
Location Info:
Partner: UNT Libraries

Historic Plaque, Cherokee Couny

Description: Photograph of a historic marker. It reads: "Cherokee County has a rich and varied history. Spanish and French explorers of the seventeenth century found Tejas and Hasinai Indians living in this area, and Spanish Missions were established in the region. Driven out of the United States, the Cherokee Indians migrated to this area about 1822, and were here at the time of the Anglo-American colonization in the 1820s and 1830s. Under the administration of Republic of Texas President Mirabeau B. Lamar, the Cherokee were expelled from the area in 1839. Following formal creation of Cherokee County from Nacogdoches County in 1846, settlement of the area increased rapidly. Family farms and towns soon sprung up throughout the county. The building of roads and the advancement of railroads and river navigation contributed further to settlement. The chief economic base of the county from its beginning, agriculture remained a vital force as industrialization and business interests developed. The establishment of schools and churches formed the basis for the area's social history. Cherokee County has been the birthplace of two Texas Governors, one Governor of Wyoming, and one Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives. Texas Sesquicentennial 1836-1986."
Date: October 26, 2005
Creator: Belden, Dreanna L.
Location Info:
Partner: UNT Libraries

Ann Whitney Memorial

Description: Photograph of a memorial for Ann Whitney. It says, "In Memory of Ann Whitney. Born in Massachusetts about 1835, massacred by Comanche Indians, July 9, 1867 while protecting her pupils. Miss Whitney's grave is located 5 blocks north in the Graves-Gentry Cemetery. School was located 7 miles northeast of Hamilton on the Juan de la Garza Survey. Sponsored by Hamilton Kiwanis Club, 1858. Donated by Riley-Gardner Memorial Service Co.
Date: March 1, 2006
Creator: Belden, Dreanna L.
Location Info:
Partner: UNT Libraries

[Comanche Family Portrait]

Description: Photograph of a Comanche family. There is a man sitting in a chair in the center of the photo, there are two other people standing behind him, and a child leaning on his lap.
Date: 1890~
Creator: Irwin, William E.
Partner: Clay County Historical Society