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Car-Coupling.

Description: Patent for "construction and arrangement of arrow-shaped draw-heads and lever-bars adjustable upon rack-bars for the purpose of raising and lowering the draw-heads" (lines 16-20)including instructions and illustrations.
Date: April 20, 1880
Creator: Gray, John D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Protractor

Description: Three-arm brass protractor (a) with extensions for each arm, and mahogany case (b) with brass fittings; marked “English ca. 1880” on tag, and “TRADE MARK LONDON”
Date: 1880~
Partner: Star of the Republic Museum

[Monkey Wrench]

Description: Starting at the bottom, the handle of the monkey wrench is a flat oval shape with two holes, it probably had two wooden pieces, one on each side attached with screws or nails. The neck has a vice that extends all the way to the head to the top of the handle. The head is rectangular with a sloping side. The back of the head is square and looks as though it was used as hammer.
Date: 1880
Partner: Fort Bend Museum

Spark-Arrester.

Description: Patent for concepts and designs used to improve performance of Spark-Arresters used in the smoke stacks of locomotives with illustrations and instructions.
Date: April 6, 1880
Creator: Wiggin, John E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

EARTH-AUGER.

Description: Patent for structural improvement in machines used for boring post holes and wells with illustrations and instructions included.
Date: April 13, 1880
Creator: Cudd, Decater P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Watch-Barrel.

Description: Patent for a winding mechanism for watches, related to the barrel and rachet of the winding mechanism, with illustrations and instructions included.
Date: November 5, 1880
Creator: Martin, Josiah
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Vegetable Grater and Slicer.

Description: Patent for an improvement on vegetable graters or slicers. The design allows for more efficient cutting of the vegetables and allows for gravity to feed the vegetables through the slicer and avoiding injury to the operator. Included are instructions and illustrations.
Date: May 25, 1880
Creator: Weitzel, Jacob F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rotary Cotton-Chopper

Description: Patent for "new and useful improvements in rotary cotton-choppers" (lines 4-5) that are of "the class of cotton-choppers which travel across the rows, and also to the class which use a revolving drum having blades or hoes spirally arranged on its periphery" (lines 13-17), including descriptions and illustrations.
Date: June 8, 1880
Creator: Lee, John C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mechanical Telegraph-Sounder

Description: Patent for "a sounder wherein a finger-lever and sounding-lever are combined together with a spring" (lines 13-15) and is "adapted for the use of learners for practicing the manipulation of a telegraph finger-key" (lines 8-10) including instructions and illustrations.
Date: June 22, 1880
Creator: Clopton, John B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rotary Plow

Description: Patent for "rotary plows for plowing land, preparing the land to receive the seed and cultivating the plants, which shall be convenient in use, effective in operation, and not liable to get out of order" (lines 19-23) including instructions and illustrations.
Date: June 22, 1880
Creator: Tally, Thomas Jackson.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

BIRD-CAGE

Description: Patent for a new and improved combined Bird-Cages and Fly-Traps. The improvements include the use of netting or wire gauze, making holes at the bottom of the cage to insert feed-cups or let flies in when the cage is used to catch flies, and placing a ring over the seed-cups in order to prevent insects or flies from getting into the cage when it is used as a bird-cage.
Date: July 6, 1880
Creator: Pinter, Francis T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

VALVE-GEAR FOR ENGINES.

Description: Patent for "a new and useful improvement in Steam-Engine Valve-Gears." The invention consists in "combining with a crank-shaft and a valve-shaft a lever, shaft, and two friction-wheels" (lines 4-9)
Date: July 6, 1880
Creator: Josserand, Peter
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CAR-BRAKE

Description: Patent for new and useful improvements for Caboose Cars' brakes. The brakes can be applied from within the car, and no strain is applied to the car frame or body.
Date: July 20, 1880
Creator: Dwyer, Denis R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Engineer's Level-Rod

Description: Patent for an engineer's level-rod which introduces a peculiar manner of marking the scale upon the face of the rod.
Date: November 30, 1880
Creator: Lynch, Michael L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Water-Cooler.

Description: Patent for an improvement in water-coolers wherein the vessel for holding the water is surrounded with fibrous material that is kept saturated with water, the evaporation of which will absorb the heat from the water contained in the vessel in a manner well known to science.
Date: October 20, 1880
Creator: Barber, Edwin Louis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[Surveyor's transit]

Description: Surveyor's transit, mounts with spring-action pin to tripod (1999.012.001b). Face is engraved with cardinal directions, with a star replacing North. Two bubble levels built into face. Degrees and minutes marked around circumference of face. Dial on side changes display on face to read numbers between 1 and 16. Manufacturer: T.F. Randolph, Cincinnati, Ohio. Patent date June 24, 1879. Scope mounts to compass body with screw pins from underneath. Needle tightens by screw action on "W" side of compass. Scope is mounted on a triangular support with single cross beam and center pivot. Focus knob moves but is tight. Surveying equipment belonged to Henry Hamilton Russell (1847-1932) , who came to Hallettsville, Texas from England before 1870. Russell was a surveyor for Lavaca County.
Date: 1880
Partner: Fort Bend Museum