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Compensating Pump-Spring.

Description: Patent for improvements in compensating pump-springs by “storing up in the downward or idle stroke of the suction-rod, a power which is expended during the upward stroke to assist the crank in lifting the rod; and at the same time reducing the power required to drive the pump, equalizing the resistance, increasing the efficiency and generally prolonging the life of the entire mechanism.” (Lines 36-40) Illustration is included.
Date: April 21, 1891
Creator: Black, William L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Railroad-Gate.

Description: Patent for improvements in automatic railway and farm gates by using a combination and arrangement of two supporting-frames, two sliding gates, a diagonal rod to secure the gates; with three levers each having its own functions, and two friction rollers. Illustration is included.
Date: May 12, 1891
Creator: Wood, Horace Overall & Smith, Sanford Sanders
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Soldering-Tool.

Description: Patent for an improved soldering-tool by having a reservoir for gasoline or other light hydrocarbon, a burner-tube, and a valve for regulating the combustion of the gasoline and heating the tool continuously and uniformly, without a furnace. Illustration is included.
Date: February 17, 1891
Creator: Barber, Edwin L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Washing-Machine.

Description: Patent for an improvement in washing-machines by using a novel arrangement of the rollers, the tub-supporting frame, the horizontal swinging rubber, and a series of closely arranged longitudinal spiral springs; so that “the pressure upon each separate article can be adjusted or regulated by the judgment of the [operator].” (Lines 12-14) Illustration is included.
Date: April 7, 1891
Creator: Bennington, William J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Washing-Machine.

Description: Patent for improvement in "the construction of washing-machines and increase their efficacy and produce a thorough rubbing of the clothes and to prevent the latter being torn or in any wise injured by the rubbing action," (lines 11-15) includes illustration.
Date: February 24, 1891
Creator: Walter, George P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Washing-Machine.

Description: Patent for improvements in washing-machines by using a combination of adjustable stationary rubbing-board and a rotary rubbing-cylinder to regulate the pressure on the clothes and at the same time, clothes can be cleaned without injury to them. Illustration is included.
Date: April 7, 1891
Creator: Polk, Kindrick Ford
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rein-Holder.

Description: Patent for a rein-holder that is made with one piece of metal which can be attached to the dash-board of a vehicle, includes illustration.
Date: March 10, 1891
Creator: Shurmon, James D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Animal-Trap.

Description: Patent for an improved animal trap for “catching small animals in a trap which will be ever set and in operative position for catching an animal and which will be automatically reset” (lines 10-13), illustration is included.
Date: March 17, 1891
Creator: Bassinger, Stephen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Thill-Coupling.

Description: Patent for improvements in thill-couplings by using a combination of forward extension arms, having each near its forward end, circular shoulders, adapted to engage the ends of the shaft-iron; the spring-catch for holding the lever arm in locking position and, for retracting arm when the catch is released. Illustration is included.
Date: March 17, 1891
Creator: Bryan, William L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wood-Working Machine.

Description: Patent for improvements in wood-working machine by using a combination of a toothed bar, a retractable slotted bar, a weight attached to the frame and a revolving wheel. With each single revolution of the drive-wheel, the slotted "bar is fed forward the distance of one tooth, and thus the cutter is gradually embedded in the material being operated upon at the same time it is rotated at a high rate of speed," (lines 94-97) illustration is included.
Date: March 17, 1891
Creator: Walton, George Washington
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Window-Curtain Holder.

Description: Patent for improvements in window-curtain holders,in which the curtain holder has a upper and a lower socket, “with the lower socket having a central opening and mounted on a base-plate, of the upper socket having a side opening and mounted on a base-plate, and the U-shaped clasp pivoted at its lower end in the lower socket and having its upper end laterally bent and designed for insertion in the side opening of the upper socket” (lines 84-92). The curtains would be retained and giving them the proper draping and prevent them from flapping and tearing, includes illustration.
Date: March 17, 1891
Creator: West, Eugene B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Plotter.

Description: Patent for an improvement in "surveying-instruments, and has for its object to produce a simple device whereby certain information can be obtained without the necessity of auxiliary calculations,” (lines 12-15) includes illustration.
Date: March 24, 1891
Creator: Smith, Valentine Hartgroves
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Shirt-Starching Machine.

Description: Patent for improvements in shirt-starching machines by using a combination of a shirt holding device having an oscillatory motion for one-fourth of a full revolution, and a semi-cylindrical starch-holding receptacle with longitudinal rubber bottom; when the shirt-holder is turned, shirts are crowded into the compartments, with the bosoms and wristbands hanging outside. When the door is closed, shirt-bosoms and wristbands are thoroughly starched. Illustration is included.
Date: March 24, 1891
Creator: Herndon, William S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Car-Coupling.

Description: Patent for improvements in car-couplings by providing "a coupler which will without any adjustment couple two cars whose draw-heads are of different heights.” (lines 17-19) Illustration is included.
Date: March 24, 1891
Creator: Thompson, James A. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fastener for Fish-Plates for Rails.

Description: Patent for improvements in fasteners for fish-plates for rails by using a combination of fish-plates, washers placed in between the plates and rail, a slotted bolt, a wedge-shaped key with thin bendable portion and a washer on the bolt between the key and fish-plate to “firmly hold the plates in position but will serve to deaden the noise caused by the fractional contact of the parts,” (lines 18-20) includes illustration.
Date: March 31, 1891
Creator: Gary, John S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bracket.

Description: Patent for improvements in brackets that used to support shelf or for other purposes by using a combination of hinged brackets, a longitudinal wire formed with bends to receive the inclined portions of the brackets, and with hooks at its outer ends; this improved brackets “can be folded in close contact with the shelf, so as to occupy little space for shipment or storage.” (Lines 17-19) Illustration is included.
Date: March 31, 1891
Creator: Porter, Charles
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tire-Tightener.

Description: Patent for improvements in tire tighteners by using wedges with longitudinal ridges, longitudinal tapering ridges or webs, together “with a wheel-rim, clamps arranged in pairs upon each side of the felly-joint, the clamps consisting of plates have a fluted or corrugated inner surface …., the extension of the registering plates being connected by transverse bolts.” (lines 37-45) Illustration is included.
Date: March 31, 1891
Creator: Reeves, Alexander Marion
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Railroad-Track Lifter.

Description: Patent for improvement in railroad-track lifters by using “the combination of a base, a upright, a lever and two pawls engaging notches of the upright” (lines 97-99) and “hand mechanism for operating the pawls,” (lines 1-2, p. 2) for easily raising sections of railway-track. Illustration is included.
Date: March 31, 1891
Creator: Brown, Hiram David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Piston for Pneumatic Pumps.

Description: Patent for improvements in pistons for pneumatic pumps by using a combination of a tubular shell, a cylindrical valve, a conical aperture and a conical projection to fulfill the conditions required of a piston in pumps. Illustration is included.
Date: March 31, 1891
Creator: Robinson, Charles H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rub-Iron for Wagon-Beds.

Description: Patent for improvements in rub-irons for wagon-beds by “placing a [rub]-roller at the point of the wagon-bed with which the wheels come in contact when the wagon is turned." (Lines 23-25) Illustration is included.
Date: March 31, 1891
Creator: Nelson, George A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Apparatus for Scouring Water-Ways.

Description: Patent for an improved apparatus for scouring water-ways by using water-discharge pipes and air-discharge pipes arranged at each side of the vessel. When “vessel is slowly moved forward while the water and air forcing pumps are working,..... direct force of the water-jets and air-jets will agitate and scatter and lift the dislodged particles and float them much higher and longer than would be the case were the water-jet pipes alone used.” (Lines 63-75) Illustration is included.
Date: March 31, 1891
Creator: Holden, Elbridge G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Axle.

Description: Patent for improvement in axles by using a “combination of a bar, two skeins and means for holding the skeins in place upon the bar,” (lines 17-18) includes illustration.
Date: March 31, 1891
Creator: Stewart, John A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Convertible Mop and Brush.

Description: Patent for improvements in convertible mops and brushes by using a “combination of the fountain-handle, the bail/frame secured thereto and provided with a rubber strip at its lower edge, and the mop secured to the bail/frame.” (Lines 3-7, p.2) Illustration is included.
Date: April 7, 1891
Creator: Bagby, William H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Quilting-Frame.

Description: Patent for an improvement in quilting-frames by making one roller adjustable in which it can be turned in either direction from the opposite side of the device. Illustration is included.
Date: April 7, 1891
Creator: Martin, Enoch
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department