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[Pictures of Presidio indians in a museum]

Description: Photograph of images hanging on a wall in a Presidio museum. There is a painting of an Apache Indian on the left and a photograph of an older Indian seated among desert cacti and brush on the right. Text is printed below the images, but is not readable. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "After the death of the Apache chief, Victorio, the Big Bend was relatively safe. Fort Davis was decommissioned in 1891, after outliving its usefulness" (p. 5).
Date: 1969
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Stone tool artifacts]

Description: Photograph of several large rocks including ancient mortars lined up on the dirt to the right of a long, white wall. Several of the flat stones have small, smooth stones on top and one of the mortars has a pestle. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "[The Jumanos] Indians were primarily farmers, whose filed lined the banks of now dry rivers and creeks" (p. 3).
Date: 1969
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Canine artifact]

Description: Photograph of an oval, white soapstone Indian artifact carved with the shape of a small canine. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The first tribe of Indians to be recorded were called the 'Basketmakers.' They quickly faded into the background with the coming of the Jumanos" (pp. 2-3).
Date: 1969
Creator: Edwards, Nancy
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Indian artifact]

Description: Photograph of a white stone Indian artifact in the shape of a man, or an ape. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The first tribe of Indians to be recorded were called the 'Basketmakers'" (p. 2).
Date: 1969
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Museum display of Jumanos tribe life at Big Bend]

Description: Photograph of a Big Bend museum display titled "Raiders from the North." Clockwise from far left corner: photo of Indian standing; small map of Texas with Jumanos' paths outlined; picture of Jumanos Indian on horseback; picture of Indians on horseback; tall leather moccasins; knife and woven knife pouch; horse saddle; picture of people sitting and on horseback. A small display of a bow and arrows are in the far left side of the photograph. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "Comanche and Apache raiders enslaved the peace-loving Jumanos, and the Jumanos disappeared as a distinct tribe" (p. 3).
Date: 1969
Partner: Marfa Public Library

The Indians of The Big Bend Country

Description: This is a research paper written by Nancy Edwards for an American History Class at Marfa High School in April 1968. The paper discusses the various tribes in west Texas and how they lived, artifacts found in pueblos and caves, historical descriptions of early Spanish interactions with the tribes, and relationships between the tribes. It covers popular legends of some tribes and legends surrounding the Marfa Lights.
Date: April 1968
Creator: Edwards, Nancy
Partner: Marfa Public Library

The Indian Mummy

Description: This is a research paper for an American History Class at Marfa High School in 1967. It describes the discovery of two mummified Indian babies from 1200 or earlier, found near Pinto Canyon in 1952. It describes how they were preserved. One was sent to the Smithsonian Institute and the other was on display at a local motel. The paper also mentions other artifacts found in the cave.
Date: 1967
Partner: Marfa Public Library

Then Came the Indians

Description: This is a research paper written by Richard Hewitt for an American History Class at Marfa High School on December 10, 1969. It includes stories about Indian attacks in west Texas, the location of petroglyphs, and descriptions of different arrowheads and their uses.
Date: December 10, 1969
Creator: Hewitt, Richard
Partner: Marfa Public Library

Indian Stone Idol

Description: Photograph of Indian stone idol from the Presidio River in west Texas. This photo was included in a research paper by Nancy Edwards for an American History class at Marfa High School in April 1968.
Date: 1968
Partner: Marfa Public Library

Indian Cave

Description: Photograph of Indian cave in west Texas. This photo was included in a research paper by Nancy Edwards for an American History class at Marfa High School in April 1968.
Date: 1968
Partner: Marfa Public Library

Indian Cave

Description: Photograph of Indian cave in west Texas. This photo was included in a research paper by Nancy Edwards for an American History class at Marfa High School in April 1968.
Date: 1968
Partner: Marfa Public Library