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[Canine artifact]

Description: Photograph of an oval, white soapstone Indian artifact carved with the shape of a small canine. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The first tribe of Indians to be recorded were called the 'Basketmakers.' They quickly faded into the background with the coming of the Jumanos" (pp. 2-3).
Date: 1969
Creator: Edwards, Nancy
Partner: Marfa Public Library

Diedrick Dutchover and the Overland Mail Route

Description: Research paper written for a history class at Marfa High School about the first San Antonio-El Paso mail run, which required thirty days to cover 673 miles by stage coach and heavily armed frontiersmen of ward off attacks. Diedrick Dutchover was one of the soldiers that accompanied the stage coaches on horseback to protect the mail carriers from threats.
Date: December 10, 1969
Creator: Arriola, Conrado
Partner: Marfa Public Library

The Dutchovers

Description: Research paper written for a history class at Marfa High School about Diedrick Dutchover, his wife, Refugia "Cara" Salcido, and their ten children. The author discusses the origin of the name "Dutchover," Diedrick Dutchover's job riding as guard to mail coaches, and the establishment of the Dutchover ranch.
Date: 1964
Creator: Arriola, Emma D.
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Indian artifact]

Description: Photograph of a white stone Indian artifact in the shape of a man, or an ape. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "The first tribe of Indians to be recorded were called the 'Basketmakers'" (p. 2).
Date: 1969
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Pictures of Presidio indians in a museum]

Description: Photograph of images hanging on a wall in a Presidio museum. There is a painting of an Apache Indian on the left and a photograph of an older Indian seated among desert cacti and brush on the right. Text is printed below the images, but is not readable. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "After the death of the Apache chief, Victorio, the Big Bend was relatively safe. Fort Davis was decommissioned in 1891, after outliving its usefulness" (p. 5).
Date: 1969
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Stone tool artifacts]

Description: Photograph of several large rocks including ancient mortars lined up on the dirt to the right of a long, white wall. Several of the flat stones have small, smooth stones on top and one of the mortars has a pestle. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "[The Jumanos] Indians were primarily farmers, whose filed lined the banks of now dry rivers and creeks" (p. 3).
Date: 1969
Partner: Marfa Public Library

[Museum display of Jumanos tribe life at Big Bend]

Description: Photograph of a Big Bend museum display titled "Raiders from the North." Clockwise from far left corner: photo of Indian standing; small map of Texas with Jumanos' paths outlined; picture of Jumanos Indian on horseback; picture of Indians on horseback; tall leather moccasins; knife and woven knife pouch; horse saddle; picture of people sitting and on horseback. A small display of a bow and arrows are in the far left side of the photograph. The image accompanied a written speech, with the caption: "Comanche and Apache raiders enslaved the peace-loving Jumanos, and the Jumanos disappeared as a distinct tribe" (p. 3).
Date: 1969
Partner: Marfa Public Library

Espejo in the Big Bend

Description: Research paper written by Florian A. Kolodzie for a History class at Marfa High School on January 19, 1948. The paper is about the Spanish exploreres, especailly Antonio de Espejo, in the Big Bend area of Texas.
Date: 1972
Creator: Kolodzie, Florian A.
Partner: Marfa Public Library

Old Fort Davis

Description: Research paper for a high school American History class at Marfa High School on January 12, 1964. It tells of the first explorers in the Big bend region of Texas during 1583 and the establishment of Fort Davis in 1853 Her paper describes the Indian attacks by the Apaches and the end of the military's use of it. Now it is open to the public.
Date: January 13, 1964
Creator: Sanchez, Mary Helen
Partner: Marfa Public Library

Grave of Indian "Emily"

Description: Photograph of the grave of Indian "Emily" She was a young girl in a legend of west Texas that was raised by a white family at Fort Davis. She warned them of an Indian attack as she was dying of a mortal wound.
Date: unknown
Partner: Marfa Public Library

Chaney

Description: Biographical paper by Dolores Navarette about Chaney, a well-loved African American man who lived in Marfa from 1932-1972. This paper was written for an American History class at Marfa High School in February 1978.
Date: February 1978
Creator: Navarette, Dolores
Partner: Marfa Public Library

Indian Artifacts

Description: Photograph of Indian artifacts: awls, fiber rope, grasses, and lechuguilla cuds, belonging to the Buddy Webb family. This photo was included in a research paper by Nancy Edwards for an American History class at Marfa High School in April 1968.
Date: 1968
Partner: Marfa Public Library

Indian Artifacts

Description: Photograph of Indian artifacts: a gourd filled with corn and two unfinished baskets, belonging to Mrs. Buddy Hewitt. This photo was included in a research paper by Nancy Edwards for an American History class at Marfa High School in April 1968.
Date: 1968
Partner: Marfa Public Library