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Improvement in Cotton-Gins.

Description: Patent for the improvement of the cotton-gin by the arrangement of two cylindrical brushes and rollers to reduce damaging the staple of the cotton, illustrations included.
Date: April 19, 1859
Creator: Gottheil, Edward
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Excavating and Grading Machine.

Description: Patent for a cultivating machine that pulverizes colds of soil using a revolving cylinder of blades, including illustration.
Date: July 19, 1859
Creator: Morrel, Z. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Cotton-Scrapers.

Description: Patent for the improvement of a cotton scraper "for general cultivation of drill-husbandry" (lines 17-18) and cotton crops, including illustration.
Date: February 19, 1861
Creator: Shepard, Josiah
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Wheel-Cultivators.

Description: Patent for the improvement of wheel-cultivators, combining a plow and cultivator. It includes a description and illustration.
Date: September 19, 1871
Creator: Viars, John A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Bale-Ties.

Description: Patent for "a new buckle or tie for holding the ends of the bands of cotton-bales" (lines 18-19) including instructions and illustrations.
Date: December 19, 1871
Creator: Brown, Floyd G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Methods of Forming Saw-Teeth.

Description: Patent for "a rule for giving to the backs of saw-teeth such an angle as will allow the teeth to be made of proper strength and at the same time to be chambered out and pointed so that they will cut the wood like chisels instead of scraping or tearing the wood." (Lines 14-19) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: December 19, 1871
Creator: Littlepage, Caleb V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Saws.

Description: Patent for improvements to circular or straight saws that steady the saw and prevent vibration and buckling. Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: December 19, 1871
Creator: Littlepage, Caleb V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Soldering-Irons.

Description: Patent for "an apparatus to be used with the common soldering-iron, whereby the same can be heated and kept heated continually while the iron is used." (Lines 6-9) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: December 19, 1871
Creator: Williams, Joseph
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Hand-Vises.

Description: Patent for hand vise to use as a tool for mechanics to hold small articles, can be attached to bits or augers for gauging the depth of a hole bored, and also for countersinking such holes for screws.
Date: November 19, 1872
Creator: Overton, Thomas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Plow-Couplings.

Description: Patent for a new and useful Improvement in Plow-Coupling including illustration.
Date: August 19, 1873
Creator: Thrasher, Thomas L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Corn and Cotton Planters.

Description: Patent for a new cotton and corn planter, including illustrations.
Date: May 19, 1874
Creator: Griffith, William Harrison
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Insect-Destroying Compounds.

Description: Patent for "a mixture of the arseniate of soda and water, or arseniate of soda, dextrine, and water, prepared in certain proportions of the respective ingredients, for the purpose of destroying cotton-worms." (Lines 7-12) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: May 19, 1874
Creator: Braman, John D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Scissors.

Description: Patent for "scissors for the use of dealers in dry goods; and it consists in providing an ordinary pair of scissors with an extension at or near the end of one of the blades, having an entering point and an eye to carry a thread, and designed to serve a convenient purpose in tagging and retagging goods." (Lines 14-21) Includes instructions and illustrations.
Date: May 19, 1874
Creator: Waldie, Samuel H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Construction of Jails.

Description: Patent for improvement in construction of jails; in which a system of flues in between layers of a double floor provide ventilation through grates in the walls and upper layer of the floor, without compromising security.
Date: October 19, 1875
Creator: Seeber, John A. & Croxton, James C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Cotton-Presses

Description: Patent for a new and improved Cotton-Press. The invention relates to the press on which a Patent (No. 150,573) was granted May 5, 1874, to William B. Hollowell. It consists of a duplicate master-wheel on the drum for working the follower; also an improved contrivance for connecting the pitman to the lever and to its pivot, whereby the machine is rendered more efficient and may be lighter for a given strength.
Date: September 19, 1876
Creator: Horn, William H. & Willim Henry Horn
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in land-drag and clod-crusher.

Description: Patent for an implement to crush clogs of dirt. Designed to be an improvement on the clod-crusher and drag for which Letters Patent No. 177,476 was granted.
Date: September 19, 1876
Creator: Crockett, John M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Stalk-Pullers.

Description: Patent for an improved stalk-puller for use in pulling cotton-stalks in preparing the land for another crop.
Date: September 19, 1876
Creator: Brown, Robert D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Board Roofing.

Description: Patent for a new design of roofing board. The wooden boards are designed to "contract and expand with changes of temperature" (para. 3) and to allow rain to run off without seeping into the joints of the boards.
Date: December 19, 1876
Creator: Zimmerman, Arnold W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Wagon-Brakes.

Description: Patent for a foot operated wagon braking mechanism, including illustrations. Patent for a better alternative to lever brakes on buggies and wagons as the braking mechanism is "out of the way, and not noticeable or prominently visible from the sides of the vehicle".
Date: June 19, 1877
Creator: O'Neall, James M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Wheel-Plows

Description: Patent for a wheel plow designed to be simple, durable, easily controlled, and of light draft.
Date: June 19, 1877
Creator: Amonett, Ammon A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Motors.

Description: Patent for power-operated motors used "for operating churns" (lines 13-14), with the option of using spring-power, including a detailed explanation and description of the illustration.
Date: February 19, 1878
Creator: Cummings, James K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement in Plow and Seeder.

Description: Patent for a plow and seeder that has an added "rotating flanged drum composed of two perforated cylinders" (lines 10-11) including a detailed explanation and description of the illustration.
Date: February 19, 1878
Creator: Elliott, Pinkney H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department