The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922

THE
SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL
QUARTERLY
VOL. XXV JANUARY, 1922 No. 3
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsbzlhty f, zews expressed y
contributors to THE QUARTERLY
THE LAST TREATY OF THE REPUBLIC OF TEXAS1
W. P. WEBB
I
The Republic of Texas enjoyed a separate existence from 1836
to 1845, a period of nine years. It was bounded on the north and
east by the United States, on the south by the Gulf and Mexico,
and on the west by a region practically unknown and inhabited by
numerous tribes of wild Indians. During its existence, the Re-
public was concerned primarily with three great problems: how
1This study is based on original sources. , The documents are to be found
in the State Library at Austin, and are entitled "Indian Affairs-State
Papers." A word about this collection of documents may prove of interest
to readers. It consists of several thousand papers, including letters,
diaries, reports and treaties, covering Indian affairs in Texas from 1831
to 1860. The documents are in a fairly good state of preservation. Prac-
tically all of them are written in long hand (none are typewritten and
only a few are printed). In some cases the writing has faded; in many
cases it is almost illegible. To read land handle these documents is to feel
one's self carried back into the atmosphere and spirit of the Texas border.
In the particular period with which this paper deals, certain strong and
rugged characters emerge from the frayed manuscript and become real.
Such white men :as agents Williams and Eldredge, who faced death and
wrote about it with delightful unconcern, such Indians as the crafty Dela-
ware guide and interpreter, Jack Harry, or the reliable Waco friend,
Ecoquash, or the constant enemy, Pa-ha-yu-ca, chief of the Comanches,
these were the men of the frontier. Back of them all, wrapped in the mys-
tery of his own character, dominating and guiding all, stands the sardonic
yet kindly old Texan, Sam Houston.
The references in the notes are to the collection of documents described
above, unless otherwise indicated. The date will serve in each case to
locate the particular document. Since many of the Indian names were
rarely spelled twice in the same way, I have adopted the spelling which
appears to have been most common.

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101082/. Accessed December 24, 2014.