The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 64, July 1960 - April, 1961

Alew fersqey Pioeers i 'eras
T WOULD HAVE BEEN STRANGE indeed if the Burrowes and
Wallings of Monmouth County, New Jersey, had not been
caught in the tide of western migration in the decade of the
185o's. Then gold in California stirred thousands of Americans;
and scarcely less appealing were the fertile prairies of Iowa and
Kansas, then being linked by rail to the Mississippi River, and the
rich lands and cattle country of Texas.
If further inducements were needed, they might have been
found in the circumstances immediately surrounding these fam-
ilies. They were farmers: the Richard C. Burrowes homestead
was just outside the village of Middletown and the Walling farm
a few miles distant at Leonardville. Both families were large, and
as the older boys matured they looked to Keyport, then a budding
maritime center on the lower Bay of New York, for opportunities
in business. Keyport, in turn, was a few hours sailing time from
the bustling wharves of New York, where steamships sailed to the
Isthmus of Panama and the gold fields, and where the Hudson
River line and the newly consolidated New York Central Railroad
offered direct transportation to Buffalo, and via the Lakes, to
Milwaukee and Chicago. In a decade's span two Burrowes,
Thomas and Joseph, set out for California; three Wallings,
George, John and William Henry, and two Burrowes, Jack and
Edward, migrated to the frontier in Texas.
The Texas phase of this New Jersey emigration began in 1853
when George and John Walling, sons of Richard and Deborah
Burrowes Walling, set out for Galveston. They settled on Onion
Creek in Hays County, about fifteen miles south of Austin.
Two years later Jack (John Taylor) Burrowes, set his course
westward. Oldest of the five children of Richard C. and Mary
Taylor Burrowes, Jack had gone into business in Keyport. De-
tails are meager, but one enterprise was an oystering vessel in part-
nership with a Captain Mills. Possessing an outgoing personality

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 64, July 1960 - April, 1961. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed May 30, 2016.

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