Spain, 1808-z939. By Raymond Carr. (The Oxford History of
Modern Europe, edited by A. Bullock and F. W. D. Deakin).
Oxford (Clarendon Press), 1966. Pp. xxix+766. $12.50.
This volume is a much needed survey of the economic, social,
and political origins of modern Spain. Painstakingly thorough and
based on broad research, it provides a reliable guide through a
region which has gone largely uncharted. The author explains
the contradictions in and failure of Spanish liberalism partly in
terms of the tradition of military revolution and partly in terms
of the heterogeneous nature of Spain's economic and social de-
The book is part of a series designed by the editors to em-
phasize internal developments of European nations, and con-
sequently it is concerned almost exclusively with peninsular af-
fairs. Another section of the series covers international rela-
tions in Europe. The author briefly treats the revolt of the
Spanish colonies as the inevitable by-product of the crisis of
18o8 and the War of Independence and is only interested in
the effects of this loss of the American empire on the mother
country. Yet even if the student of Latin American history
finds little in the book directly relating to his field, he will rec-
ognize in this study of Spain's problems in achieving political
stability, themes which have had their echoes in the turbulent
republics of the new world, including Mexico and Texas.
University of Texas NANCY N. BARKER
Vocabulario, apodos, seuddnimos, sobrenombres y hemerografia
de la Revolucidn. By Arturo Langle. Mexico (Universidad
Nacional Aut6noma de Mexico, Instituto de Investigaciones
Hist6ricas), 1966. Pp. 151. Bibliographies.
This book on the vocabulary of the Mexican Revolution is
one of the volumes in the University of Mexico's Series in Mod-
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 70, July 1966 - April, 1967. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101199/. Accessed February 12, 2016.