The Wylie News (Wylie, Tex.), Vol. 16, No. 15, Ed. 1 Thursday, August 22, 1963 Page: 4 of 6
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THE WYLIE NEWS
Published Every Thursday
BY DON OAKLEY
The cold war and nuclear bombs all to one
side, most of us fortunate enough to live in
America are possessed of an easy optimism
regarding the future of the world.
We are the inheritors of Western man's de-
votion to progress and the optimistic outlook
which has been fostered by science. We know
there is no problem that men cannot solve by
the use of their reason.
We know, as surely as we know anything,
that the world is a better place than it was in
any previous century or any previous genera-
As far as one-half the world—Europe and
America—is concerned, it is a better place,
even despite the great, resource-sapping wars
of the 20th century.
Yet consider this:
• It is a fact that there are more hungry
people in the world today than at any time
• It is a fact that every day—not every
week or every month, but every day—96,000
people die of starvation. This is equal to the
population of Wilmington, Del.
• It is a fact that in modern-day India,
every second death is a child under 10 years.
As reported in CIBA Journal, in an issue
devoted to the World Freedom from Hunger
Campaign, between 300 and 500 million peo-
ple, for at least part of their lives, do not have
enough to eat even in normal times. When
floods and droughts and other disasters strike,
the result is widespread famine, for there is
no chance to build up local food reserves.
In addition to this half billion human beings,
there are another 1 to IV2 billion who suffer
from various forms of malnutrition. They die
—maybe younger, maybe older—not from
starvation but from diseases caused by the
lack of essential nutrients: pellagra, rickets,
nutritional anemia, blindness from vitamin A
According to standards set by the U.N.'s
Food and Agriculture Organization, Europe,
North America and Oceania have a supply of
more than 3,000 calories per person per day—
about 20 per cent more than the basic 2,300
calories required for health.
In the Middle East, Africa and Latin Amer-
ica, the supply is equal to needs—2,400 cal-
In the Far East, calorie supplies are only
2,050, or-11 per cent beneath minimum re-
Were the problem merely one of distribu-
tion and improving production, it would readily
yield to man's skillful manipulation of his en-
vironment. "But the world food problem is not
static; it is a race.
At present rates of population growth, there
may be a doubling of population in Africa, a
trebling in Latin America and a 2V'2-fold in-
crease in the Far East and Middle East by the
end of the century. World food supplies will
have to be more than doubled just to maintain
the same level of nutrition that currently al-
lows 96,000 people to die of hunger every day.
Launched in 1960 by the FAO, the Freedom
from Hunger Campaign is attempting to win
that race. Projects totaling $20 million have
been initiated in many parts of the under-
developed world aimed at raising production
by the use of modern methods of cultivation,
buying seeds, fertilizers and equipment, train-
ing native experts in agriculture.
This $20 million, all private, voluntary and
nongovernmental, is about 1/2,500th of the
amount spent annually by this country to buy
the weapons that could end the population
problem in a way nobody wants.
This Call Collect?'
It may be slightly premature to worry about
it, but communication is going to be quite a
problem when men start setting up housekeep-
ing on the other planets of our solar system.
It's not so much getting radios to work over
long distances—Mariner II proved we can trans-
mit at least as far as Venus—but that light (and
radio) waves are so pokey.
Sure, light moves at 186,000 miles a second.
But distances are so vast between planets that
an earthling talking to an explorer on Uranus
would have to wait as long as 12 hours for a
reply to his opening "Hello."
Even with next-door Venus, it will take two
minutes for a question to get there from earth,
two more minutes for the answer to come back.
That's when Venus is close to earth. When it's
most distant, the time lapse stretches to 14
One suggested solution is that both sides in
an interplanetary gabfest merely keep talking
steadily. That is, rather than wait 12 hours for
an answer to a specific question from Uranus,
just go on to other matters. It would still take
12 hours to get an answer, but once conversa-
tion had begun, it would go on continously.
Hmm. On second thought, considering the
amount of yakety-yak that's carried over the
air waves already, maybe we should be glad
that this problem is still in the future.
Religion in Action
30 Days to Better Grades
Study Your Teacher Too
The South African Government
is in the middle of a flve-year
plan calling for the expenditure
of 57 million pounds sterling
($159,600,000) <m) to speed up
its apartheid policy of segrega-
By the time the plan is com-
pleted in 1966, the government
will have erected 35 new Afri-
can towns, housing almost half
a million Negroes. All these
towns will be inside the borders
of the Bantustan native areas.
At the same time, the govern-
ment is inducing local and for-
eign investors to set up indus-
tries near these towns — but on
the white side of the border.
These border industries are a
key part in the scheme to par-
tition South Africa into a
checkerboard of black states
whkh, the government says,
will luially achieve full autono-
my from the white central gov-
Basically the idea is to drain
off all but the essential black
population from the white ur-
ban and agricultural areas.
Right now the population of
about 11 million blacks is more
or less evenly split into those
in the cities, those on white
farms and those living in the
tribal reserves which are des-
tined to become Bantustans.
The government is consider-
ing legislation which would lim-
it the number of black domestic
Eyes of the church world will be on Roches-
ter, N.Y., Aug. 26, when the Central Committee
of the World Council of Churches meets at
Colgate-Rochester Divinity School.
This is the first time since 1957 that the
committee has met in the United States.
This 100-member policymaking body in-
cludes Protestant, Orthodox and Anglican
church leaders from all continents. Its purpose
is to formulate policy for the World Council
between the Council's assemblies.
It is unlikely that the committee will meet
again in the United States before the next as-
sembly of the World Council in 1967, or later,
according to World Council spokesmen.
The Roman Catholic observers will be
named by the Vatican Secretariat for Christian
Unity to attend the committee meeting, which
closes Sept. 2.
Lutheran churchman Dr. Franklin Clark Fry
is chairman of the Central Committee.
The World Council of Churches embraces
more than 200 churches, with members in 90
By The Reading Laboratory
FAR, we've been discussing the ways in which you should
accommodate yourself to your courses—how to develop a
constructive attitude toward school and how to pinpoint the
purposes behind each course. But for every course you take,
you also take a teacher, and until teaching machines take over
the classroom, it's important to study your teacher.
The old cliche says, "If you can't fight 'em, join 'em," and
since there's no point in working at cross-purposes with your
teacher (he marks you), learn how to work with him. Working
with a teacher is not the same as apple-polishing. You have to
work with people all your life; start making a science of It.
Here are the major things to look for when studying a
• What part of the course
does he like best? What part
does he like least? Watch out for
small points that your teacher
spends a lot of time on—he likes
those points. They may be
on a test. If you catch your
teacher supplying a lot of seem-
ingly unimportant background
material make sure you learn
that "seemingly unimportant"
material. If you can give it back
on a test, your mark may soar.
• Does he like argument in
the classroom? (Not fights, of
course, but intelligent discussion
of both sides of a problem.)
Some teachers don't—usually be-
cause they're pressed for time.
But try yours out. Bring up a
question that contradicts one of
his own statements. If he likes
it, do it again. If he doesn't, it
may be best to keep quiet when
you disagree. There's no point
in irritating him.
• Does he mark for class
participation, or does he just
count tests? This will usually de-
pend on the size of his class;
the best way to find out is to ask your teacher. If he marks for
class participation, whenever you feel you have something to
say, say it!
• Does he like to give pop quizzes? If he does you'll have
to prepare for class every day. Whenever possible, check for
this with older students who have already had your teacher.
• What kind of tests does he give? Essay questions? True-
False? Multiple choice? What kind of answers does he like?
Good understanding of main idea? Tiny details? You'll have to
adjust your studying to his tests; it can save you a lot of un-
necessary work. You can check this out with older students.
• See if he has "good days" and "bad days." Mondays are
just as rough on teachers as they are on you. Don't go out of
your way to give your teacher a hard time on his bad days.
• Make a private appointment with your teacher. It can
be helpful to both of you. He'll be glad to see you but be sure
you have something specific that you want to talk over; he may
not have time for just small talk.
(NEXT: How to disagree with your teacher and still get
BY HAL COCHRAN
Never expect the worst if
you want expectations to be
most of the joy of living.
A doctor says that looks,
to some extent, are deter-
mined by diet. Look out for
plain food, ladies.
It's funny how you become
a much better driver on the
Centipedes are typically
carnivorous in habit, run-
ning after their prey. The
victim is seized and poi-
soned by venom injected
from the tips of the first
pair of claws. Centipedes
have a world-wide distribu-
tion. Tropical varieties may
attain a length of 12 inches.
highway when a police car is
right behind you.
A junk yard is where old
autos are taken to rust, in
OUTDOORS IN TEXAS
By VCftN SAN FORD
Family campers during1 1962
increased so rapidly many of
them gave up in disgust be-
cause they could find 110 place
to pitch their tents.
This was true not only in
Texas but across the nation.
Also in Mexico and Canada.
According to figures recent-
ly released by the director of
national parks, camp-use days
in 1962 were recorded at 6,-
106,030. This is an increase of
14 percent over the previous
This year the peak will go
To date, very few landown-
ers have found a way to take
advantage of this new econo-
my. Some don't even want to
fool with campers.
Most of the state parks, na-
tional forest areas and othei
public lands have provided
camp grounds and camp sites.
These places usually provide
adequate water, cook-out spots
and sanitary facilities to make
While there is a craze for
primitive camping, most of
the campers demand some de-
gree of comfort and conven-
ience. They want to get back
to nature, but they want to do
it the comfortable way.
They sleep in their station
wagons, or on soft rubber mat-
tresses on good quality cots.
They want plenty of wood and
water handy. Some even cook
with electricity from outlets
provided in the public camping
More leisure hours and ad-
ditional facilities, plus a desire
to "rough it", are responsible
for this camp-out craze. Sum-
mer vacation periods with
camp-out trips by the Roy
Scouts and other organizations
also help the cause.
Most of the time it's just
that mom and dad have a de-
sire to give their youngsters
some of the camping thrills
they enjoyed as children be-
fore things got as crowded as
they now are.
In Texas it would be a good
project for some civic organi-
Midway to Goal
zation to try to develop camp
sites. Landowners could be
contacted and sold on the idea
of adding such a program to
their own economy A land-
owner with a good weter hole,
accessible lake or stream and
a wooded area might find it
profitable to furnish camping
Garner State Park is a typi-
cal example of the manner in
wh eh people will use available
facilities. It is practically im-
possible to get into this park
now unless you've made your
reservation well in advance.
Hundreds of persons pitch
camp there every summer to
enjoy the park facilities.
Landowners soon discover
they can make more money
than just the per day camping
fee. With a concession they
can sell food and drinks-—also
at a profit. The concession bus-
iness in most of the public
areas is a paying proposition.
It can be profitable to the land-
In many instances the camp-
ers themselves can be blamed
for lack of interest on the part
of landowners. Too many
campers are willing to leave
their litter for the landowner.
This is noticeable even in
roadside parks, where tables,
benches, fireplaces and trash
cans are courteously provided.
Too many users walk away
from their tables and leave all
the old scraps, sacks and cans
around to attract flies and var-
mints. And to mar the land-
Watermelon eaters especial-
ly are bad about this. They'll
buy a cold melon along the
way, then stop at the first
roadside campsite and eat the
melon. When through they'll
leave the rind and seeds, and
an extremely sticky table for
the next fellow who comes
If you love the great out-
doors, help preserve it in all
The way some people learn
traffic rules is by accident.
servants to one allowed to live
on the premises of his white
There are a number of rea-
sons for the speeding up of this
partition plan which was first
advanced by Premier Verwoerd
as long ago as 1951.
First is the growing inter-
national pressure from both
friends and enemies abroad
which makes it imperative for
the Pretoria government to
push the scheme into a speedy
Diplomatic observers here say
such friendly Western nations
as Britain and the United
States are finding it increasing-
ly hard to defend South Africa
at the United Nations.
"If this plan became a reality
and these states did achieve
self-government, it may be pos-
sible for the West to stave ofl
the attacks of the Afro-Asiai:
and Communist blocs," one dip-
On the other hand, Verwoerd
has intimated that if the
"winds of change" attacks from
an independent Africa can be
staved off long enough for him
to implement his policy, "we
may see a change In the atti-
tude of some African states."
The other pressing need for
implementation of the Bantu-
stan plan is the black popula-
It has been estimated that
the current black population
will have doubled itself by the
turn of the century. "This calls
for a tremendous effort on our
part to get these new black
states into economic shape," a
government official said pri-
See the World—Cheaply
by Polly Cramer, Newspaper Enterprise Assn.
DEAR POLLY—Last year our family took a
trip across the country to Oregon. We learned
a lot and are starting on our vacation this
year better prepared. We want to pass on to
others the way our dad and mom have worked
As camping stuff is used only once or twice
a year, we did not want to buy anything ex-
pensive. Dad built a small closed-in trailer to
pull behind a car. There will be seven of us
and space for all that we'll need was a prob-
lem. Mom and I made sleeping bags from old
quilts and lined each with an old blanket. They were folded in
half and sewed together on three sides. We used heavy nylon
thread. If the blankets are needed at home next winter we
can cut the stitches and they are still bed size.
Tapes were attached to the bags so they can be rolled up.
md stacked when not in use. Dad bought each of us an inex-
pensive air mattress and these can be used at the beach or in
fhe back yard later on.
Each child is responsible for looking after his own belong
ings. Mom made each of us a toilet kit out of an old shower
curtain. They are stitched in sections and each holds a wash-
cloth, soap, toothbrush, toothpaste and a comb. A cloth bag
lor each of us holds a pair of pajamas, a towel, thongs and a
short beach coat and the toilet kit.
The beach coats were made
from old, knitted slipcovers.
We use them for swimming
and for going to and from the
Already British and Austra-
lian firms have opened border
Industries In white areas touch-
ing on the Bantustans.
"Through this scheme and
others like it, we will build up
a solid Bantu middle class, peo-
ple with the dignity of home
ownership," an official govern-
ment spokesman said.
"The Bantu will commute to
work as do thousands of whites,
and will be encouraged to play
exactly the same part in the
civic affairs of their towns as
the whites do in their areas."
Several of the schemes al-
ready are a reality.
Standing 21 miles northwest
of Pretoria Is the township of
Ga-Rankuwa. meaning "The
Place Where The White Man
Used To Live."
It now has 1.500 houses built
by black artisans and contrac-
Even the bricks and other
building materials were bought
from black-owned and operated
Eventually the town will have
a black population of 60.000.
There are several newly-
established factories operating'
at Rosslyn. four miles across the
border in a white area. Only
Bantu living at Ga-Rankuwa
will be allowed to work in these
Meanwhile, other parts of the
five-year plan call for construc-
tion of roads and bridges in the
This and a scheme for im-
proved farming methods by
construction of irrigation dams
and canals form an important
link in the drive to eventually
get these embryo black states
onto a viable economic footing.
Since mom does not like to sic, in a teni. she made a mat-
tress for herself out of an old feather ticking. This, too, rolls
up. Pillowcases for the trip were made from dark cretonne.
Towels are also deep colors which mom felt were more prac-
tial than white ones. With a charcoal grille, aluminum foil, a
few pots and pans, paper plates, an ice chest and water jugs,
we are on our way. Even though we traveled 5,200 miles last
year, the trip cost very little. In three weeks this year we hope
to cover even more ground.—JILL
GIRLS—What lucky kids to have a mom and dad who go
to such lengths to make it possible for them to see their
country and have vacations they will never forget. Such
ingenuity can make a little bit of money go a long way and
they have my vote as our Vacation Famflv of the Year.
Such families are the true backbone of America and would
make our forefathers very proud.—POLLY
DEAR FOLLY — My pointer
is for the men. Take an old
plastic detergent bottle (the
large ones are better) and tie
a string to it. Then take a
weight and tie it to the string.
When you go fishing, you can
mark the place you fish by let-
ting the weight drop under the
water. The bottle will float on
top and mark the spot.—GARY
" ,n* 1 1
"Yei . . . but doet it have power atbtrayt?"
BOYS — and fishing
girls, too—Put the top back on the empty plastic bottle
so no water seeps In to keep it from really floating on top.
DEAR POLLY—Washcloths purchased from the store are
usually too small to enable one to wash the middle of his back
when taking a bath. Make two big washcloths by cutting a
16x24-inch terry cloth towel in half. Use one of these when
you bathe. You can grasp a corner in each hand and scrub your
back with ease.—ART
GIRLS—I doubt that we will leave this one just to the
DEAR POLLY—Add one or two tablespoons of glycerin to
lukewarm water when rinsing wool sweaters or other wool
garments. This will keep the garments soft and will help pre-
vent itching when they are worn.—MRS. P. B.
sf 'l first
* J 8.00
A large clear plastic bag is
for dry swim suits and another
for wet ones. Mother packed
hooded sweaters and warm
things in a large cardboard
container (a big metal lard can
would do fine.) This was la-
beled and put in the trailer. ,
Two suitcases then hold all our other traveling clothes TheJp
boys wear mostly knitted tee shirts. Dad p-it a clothespole inhr*-
the trailer for coats.
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The Wylie News (Wylie, Tex.), Vol. 16, No. 15, Ed. 1 Thursday, August 22, 1963, newspaper, August 22, 1963; Wylie, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth347411/m1/4/: accessed February 17, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Smith Public Library.