The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 32, July 1928 - April, 1929 Page: 77
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Tadeo Ortiz and the Colonization of Texas, 1822-1888 77
To the first settlement he succeeded in founding he gave the
name Hidalgopolis, in honor of the hero of the Mexican revolution.
This town, established in November, 1826, was soon self-supporting
and produced in addition fruits for Vera Cruz and vegetables for
the older neighboring towns. By December of this year he had
made beginnings at the settlements called Morelapolis and Mine-
apolis and had engaged a number of families for the settlements
of Allendepolis and Abasolopolis, where he had cleared the ground
and had erected a number of temporary lodgings. He finally suc-
ceeded in inducing a capitalist, Aisn6 Villeveque, of France, to
undertake the settlement of French and Swiss families in that sec-
tion rather than in Texas, which had been the capitalist's original
idea. However, Ortiz soon broke with the agent placed in charge
of the undertaking and determined to visit Paris for the purpose
of convincing Villeveque of the danger of sending out families
during the season when sickness was prevalent and before the
proper arrangements had been made for their reception. How-
ever, upon his arrival, in the capacity of Mexican consul at Bor-
deaux, he learned that many families who were not at all suited
to a frontier life had already departed. To prevent others from
being deceived he went so far as to prepare a statement for the
press and to advise certain capitalists to transfer their base of
operations to Texas. Throughout the dispute, however, he main-
tained that the sufferings of the unfortunate French families who
had attempted settlement in Goatzacoalco were due to willful dis-
regard of the colonization laws and of the express stipulation of.
varas linear measurement. The dimensions were fixed for irrigable and
non-irrigable estates and farms, for pasture lands, and for estates with
The machinery for the administration of justice was to be that re-
quired by state laws, the government naming the asesores. El Correo
Atlantico, May 23, 1835, Vol. I. No. 7.
'See Ortiz's proposal for settling soldiers in the Isthmus of Goatza-
coalco, El Sol, August 19, 1823, pp. 262-3; his report of progress, Ibid.,
February 1, 1827, pp. 2389-2390; the law for colonization issued by the
congress of Vera Cruz, Ibid., June 20 and 21, 1827, pp. 3042-3043, 3050-
3051; and Bases sobre las que ha formado un plan de Colonizatidn en el
Ysmo de Hoazocoaleo 6 Tehuantepec, Mexico, 1823. His plans for col-
onization work in Texas and his untimely death in 1833 are set forth in
the following document. M. A. H.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 32, July 1928 - April, 1929, periodical, 1929; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101089/m1/81/: accessed April 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.