The Orange Leader (Orange, Tex.), Vol. 58, No. 123, Ed. 1 Friday, May 26, 1961 Page: 1 of 16
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VOL LVHl—NUMBER 123
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C m>l«> nia HrriCH
ORANGE. TEXAS, FRIDAY, MAY2M
1 i ——
. yw# Y
So® Sunday Spicel
Did Second Victim Go Over the Edge?
16 Pog«$ S Cents
MONTGOMERY. Alt. <AP) -
Four white college professors—in-
cluding the Yale University chip
itin—tnd t Negro student, among
U integratlonists jailed for chal-
lenging bus depot segregation,
* J *" eek release on
Seek Release Today
Their attorney said $1,000 bond
each would probably be poated by
the Rev. William S. Coffin Jr.. the
Yale chtpltin; the Rev. Gtylord
B. Noyce, assistant professor at
the Yale Divinity School; Dr. Da
vid. E. Swift, professor of religion
at Wesleyan in Middletown,
Conn.; Dr. John B. Maguire, as-
sistant Wesleyan professor of ic-
ligion. ind George B. Smith, Ne-
gro student at Yale'.
The attorney, Chirle , Conieyr
said the five have commitments
at school. He said the other six
may remain in jail until a hearing
set for June 16 before Judge Alex
Marks in the County Court of
Common Pleas. , , .„ -
All 11 integratjonlsts. including
three of the South's most widely
known foes of racial separation,
were charged with committing a
breach of the peace for trying to
eat st the white lunch counter-in
the Trailways bus terminal Thurs-
leaders held in jail w
the Rev. Ralph D. Aoernathy,
president of the Montgomery Im-
provement Association; the Rev.
P. L. Shuttlesworth, head of the
Alabama Christian Movement for
Human Rights in Birmingham,
••• ■ m¿i ;
LITTLE ROCK, Ark. (AP)~
The' Little Rock School BOtrd,
acting under the shadow of a fed-
—Leoá*r photos by Bfrt nrum
TK00PH5 CHECK rüT ANÜTHH
Force of Impact Shears Heavy Metal Guard Rail
integration, will desegregate four
unior high schools and the city's
ast all-white high school next
The board Thursday night as-
signed 25 Negroes to four of the
city's five til-white junior high
schools. At the same time, it
upped from 11 to -24 the number
of Negro students in once-white
high schools and desegregated all
white Technical High School.
Action on the assignments un
der state pupil placement pro-
cedures was swift and appeared
routine. There was no"discussion.
death of t scantily dad. 26-yv r-
old Nederland woman, today fol-
lowing an early morning accident
on the Interstate 10 Sabine River
Charlotte Ann Hall, t carhop for
Drtke's Driveln in Groves for the
put six years, was found dead in
wreckage en the bridge at 3:15
t.m. She was clad in a blouse,
bra tnd while ankle Socks, inves-
tigating troopers said.
A coroners inquest conducted
by Mrs. Emmie K. Fountain, jus-a second victim having been
- - • thrown into the Sabine River.
By BERT BREWER * uy u.. ruu„„,„,
An air of mystery surrounds the fee of the peacr of Precinct 1;
returned a verdict of accidental
death ax the result of a car wreck.
The point of collision originated on
the Louisiana side of the bridge.
Investigating Louisiana state
troopers were unable to determine
if Miss Hall was alone in the car
at the time of the accidént. Cir-
cumstances surrounding the acci-
dent coupled with the jagged
edges of tha broken guard rail on
the bridge, prevented troopers
from eliminating the possibility of,
Heavy Voting is
$4.75 Billion Effort
Kanaedy asked Congress today for
* drastic overhaul of' the foreign
aid program, t, $4.75 billion aid
effort for next year and a multi-
billion loan system for future
Kennedy said the proposed K">ng-
range program is of "paramount
importance" for protection of th>
free world against the Communist
The President made his propos-
al in a letter to Congress trans-
mitting the legislation he wants
A number of Influential legisla-
tors have shown coolness to parts
of the Kennedy package, however,
tnd what type of. bill Congress
wjll finally approve remains un-
In what would be the most dras-
tic shakéup since the aid program
got under way on a large scale
after World war II, Kennedy pro-
posed establishment. of. a single
aid organization combining pre-
viously separate units.
The new master aid agency
would be called A.I.D. (The Agen-
cy for International Develop-
ment). Its head would have under-
secretary of state rank and would
report to the secretary of state
tnd the President,
for the program in the fiscal year
starting July 1: .
$1.69' billion for economic aid to
countries around (he world. The
sum includes $500 million for a
presidential Contingency fund for
flexible use in emergencies such,
as recent developments in South-
east Asia, twice the amount Ken-
nedy estimated for that purpose
J 1.885,000.000 for arms assistance.
This is the amount Kennedy men-
tioned in Thursday'# message
which outlined much of the pro-
gram presented today,
$900 million in borrowing au-
thority for funds to mate iong-
(See KENNEDY, Page 13)
H ★ ' ★ V ★
Judge Fountain, commenting cn
the inquest Jtoday, . said, ''The
#;rl's body was badly mutilated.
The left side of her face was
crushed and one arm Was almost
levered. .She had apparently been
thiown from the car. become en-
tangled in the wreckage and, in
all probability, was dragged for
an extensive distance."
Troopers tracing the' path of the
death car, said it first sideswipedj
the north bridge raffing some M0.
feet from the state line as the ve-j
hiele traveled west toward Or-I By mary aÜCE LAKEY
ange. Officers estimated the speed Wi|j there be a heavy vote to
of the vehicle on-initial impact c¡ect a ¡senator tomorrow? Yes!
with the bridge rail at near 00 cm,„ty political observers can't
miles per hour. Several beer cans agree> however, on an estimated
wire scattered around the *cene' fiRure on the numb r of oer« >ns
officers said. | <yvill vote on U.S. Sen. William
Following the Initial sideswip-|A. Blakley and John Townr, D rn-
irg. the car continued west some 0crafic and Republican standard-
400 feet, crossing the esplanade, -
and crashing through the south
guard railing on the bridge.
The vehicle miraculously stayed
on "the bridge, flipped over on the
driver's side and then onto its top.
skidding sortie additional 180 feet
back across the" esplanade to halt
60 feet inside the Orange city
The body was found entangled
in pieces of the wreckage some 20
feet east of the main hulk.. It was
removed from the-scene by "Clay-
bar ambulance. v
Speculation aS to a second pas-
senger and a possible second car
was being checked out today by the
Louisiana state troopers. Wreck-
ing yard attendants who removed
¡he vehicle following th"e accident
TRAFFIC VICTIM DRAG SED BY SMASHED CAR
Only Twisted Wreckage Remains After Bridge Wreck
The only poiN on which ob-
servers agree H that there will be
a big Republican turnout. Tower
polled 1.035 votes In Orange Coun-
ty in the April primary, while
Biakley, t" Democrat, polled only'reasoning behind opinions: -
637. . J, Republicans see they have a
^ However ..observer point out chancc in lhc|r bid for a two.
that the Democratic votes were,party system statewide. They will
split because Qf the lsrge ballot of f,ave a concentrated vote in Qr-
The estimate of two obsm-ers
as to the possible number of bal-
lots which will be cast in the
county's 3i boxes is "between
5,000 and 7,000." The total num-
ber polled in . the first primary
was 4,852 of the county's potentlal
Why the incresse? Here Is the
Here's Where You Vote
The cñmty's II voting boxes,
locations and Ibdgfei are listed
below. The individual voter'
precinct can be determined bv
checking the number on the poll
Precinct 1, County Courthouse,
Mrs. F.lmer Harmon.
said a piece of chrome from a 1952;
node! e.r ■«., f«md ft. KM. '^tJSSi'SSSS
(See CRASH, Page 13)
Under Kennedy's bin arms aid
would be separated from econom-
ic tld In the future, tnd would be
treated as part of the regular U.S.
Data Fran U. s. Weather
Oottepk Cloudy, cool
Outlook tomorrow — Ftlr, cool
High tomorrow __
Sunset tomorrow —7:10 p.m.
Sunrise tomorrow ^1.. 5:17 a.m.
WiNO —Srtoll tron -hov# 6MB
IWMS fcr fnwttv Win*r 1Í
W Udo*/ occof<<>«otlv rMcMno *
ft IS m.#.h. W lKovl«r «Howtn IW* W-
IfeaSJgW rs AJtft
Bitter Fight Expected
Heads for Showdown in house
WASHINGTON (AP). - Presi
dent Kennedy's $2.55 billion pub-
lic school tid bill, having vaulted
the Senate handily, heads todáy
into an expected bitter showdown
in the House. •
The Senate passed the measure
Thursday night 49 to 34, climax-
ing eight days of debate. It is
one of the "big five" bills, in Kerv
nedy's 1961 legislative program.
expect „ ... . .
the House by a slim msrgfn. al-
though it may be trimmed before
All In all. federal aid to educa-
tion advocates, believe this is the
best chanc^xfhey have ever had
to get socfl legislation enacted.
The bflfi Síftifé sponsors *
me Din s
„ ■(■! PP^II! I , RHP ^
vote. It was lower than they had
" expected because of many ab-
inted in the final
the House, its sponsors- concede
that the funds for teacher salaries
provision may be knocked out:
If this should happert, the basis
for a possible compromise was
laid, in Senate . debate. The bill,
as it reached' the Senate floor,
made (h$ grants available fbr
teachep--salaries or school ctin-
A floor amendment, accepted
T . ÉnnHnri.r. the admif-lstratlon, broadened
t0 iac,ude sPend'ng for such
pect tne school bill ti tear operttjng expenses as school bus-
es, textbooks and libraries.
.."The bill passed by the Senate
authorized $850 million a year in'
grants for the next three years
to try to help states equalize edu-
lL.t.!$o wtends joiLthtee more
trs ffie impacted area program
of tid to school districts with en-
rollments swoiler. . because of
Mrs. Dewey Beta. .
Prednpt U Bancroft School,
Mrs. George Hare. /
Precinct 5, West Orange1 High
School, Mrs. Ed Tonejr.
Precinct «. Orangefleld School,
Mrs. Rafas. Webb. '
Precinct 7. Duncan Woods vot-
ing box, J. M- Peveto.
Precinct 8,. Doty voting box,
jf. H. Kirkland.
Precinct I. Pine Forest Ele-
mentary School, O. E. Oklbury.
Precinct It, Vldor Sabcourt-
house. E. C. Penkert.
Precinct 11. Anderson School,
Mrs. Harry- Jame . ~
Precinct 12, Central Fire Sta-
tion, Mrs. Sam Maniey.
Precinct 1$, Cove School, Ver-
Precinct 14. Carr Junior High
School. Mrs. Eddie Frencel.
Precinct IS, Salk Elementary
School. Roselawn, Mrs. H. A.
Precinct II, Bridge City
School. J. P. LeBiánc. y
Precinct 17, Tllley School, Mrs.
Grady Maxwell. y'"*
Precinct 18, Mahley School,
Mrs. D. H. Askew.
Precinct It,'' Navy Park, 4f5
Precinct 20, Brownwood vot-
ing box, Mrs. S. W. Mulhollan.
, Precinct 2), Little Cypress
. School, Mrs. George HUllard.
Precinct B, Weet Park at
Youth Center, Mrs. John Hicks.
Preclntt 2J, Winlree voting
box, Mrs. ^Laurence Winfree.
Precinct 24, South Vldor at
Vidor School, Mrs. F r a t Is
Precinct 2$, Rose^ City voting
box, Mrs: Juanita Long.
Precinct 21, West Orange Wa-
ter District office, Mrs. T. W.
Precinct 17, McLewls School,
Mrs. M. T. Snider.
- Precinct 28. Bridge Clty FIre
Station, Julian SartTn.
Precinct 2t, Jones. School,
Q B. Culpepper.
Precinct M, Burton Avenue
Fire Station, Mrs C. C. Clark.
Precinct II, National Guard
Armory, James Matush.
Voting Way be done between
g a.m. and 7 p.m.
The tally would have been 90-41
if all 100 senators Had been pres-
ent to vote their announced posi-
tions. As it was 14 Demuci ats
and 1 Republican voted for (it, 22
tions. As it . was 41 Democrats
A similar bill has been ap-
proved by the House Education
and Labor Committee. It may
nearby federal installations. Pay
mehts under this program next
Ironworkers Slate Vote
On New Contract Today
. 2. A Saturday vote always pulls
more ballots thai% a Tuesday vote^
Tuesday was the day the Aprif
primary election was held.
- 3. The two candidates have ere;
ated riiuch interest in thfc race be-
cause of their actiyo campalgning
across the stat^'through TV
medium, and. public appeatances
In this ite^"
4. In /the general election, the
big ot'llot was confusing and
mtrty votes were Jost, and" in
.many instances misplaced on the
ballot because of name similarity
of some of the candidates. Tomor-
row's ballot will bear only two
names. Voters have only tó scratch
out the name of the candidate they
do not want.
Republican íóhn Tower, and
Democrat William. Biakley wind
up their U.S. Serate campaigns
Friday with last-minute appeals to
Both will close their bids in tele-
Biakley will speak from bailas
and Tower from. Fort Worth Fri-
Ten. members, of the Texas
House of Representatives planned
to move, through Fort Worth Frl
day on what they called a "victo-
ry march for Biakley.'!'
„Gov Price Daniel said at Austin
that Jf there is a Urge turnout
of "voters Saturday. Biakley
will win the election by 55 per cent
of the votes. The governor ssld
that Biakley could Jose to Tower
If the Democrats become.."over-
confident and Indifferent."
The Republican state chairman,
Tad Smitn of El Paso, had praise
for a group of Harlingen conserv
ative Democrats who said they
"planned to participate actively
in the Republican Party."
The Fort Worth Star-Telegram,
an independent Democratic news-
paper, came out Thursday in sup1'
port of Biakley.
The newspaper said editorially
that Biakley, "by virtue of two
short periods as Interim senator,
has the edge in senatorial expe-
rience over Republican Tower .. .
and that edg? is important."
Jr. voted against the motion t«
approve assignments at all school
Later Cottrell would > aay. only,
"I object to 25 assignments Jo the
junior highs." —.' , ."—
Board action came only four
¡days before t U.S. District Court
hearing under a ruling by the 8th
U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
which suggested that Little Bpck
expand its desegregttlon efforts.
The board sent 12 Negroes to
West Side Junior High^t 900-stu
dent school only fouf blocks from
Central High School, where vio-
lence followed^the first court-or-
dered desegregation lh- 1957.
Nine Negroes were assigned to
East/-Side Junior High, while
Forest Heights and Southwest
nlor Highs were each assigned
Board members said no Ne-
groes applied for admission to the
other junior high school, Pulaski
.All the Negroes assigned to
junior highs will be eighth
graders .next fall.
Eighty-four Negroes applied for
admission to once-white junior
highs, but 59 were assigned
to all-Negro Dunbar Junior High
School. They may appeal theirras-
signments to the board .under' the
state pupil placement law.
tnd the Rev. Wyatt T. Walker of
Atltntt, executive secretary of the
Southern Christian Leadership
"Freedom Riders" Intensified
their asaauir on segregation both ^
In and out of court, with some of . '
thel& leaders in jail and another
tmbuahed by rifle fire.
A spokesman predicted a mas-
sive demonstration, against bus
station racial barriers in waiting
rooms and restrooms when No-.
gro college students start for
nome In the next few days. •
Segregation-challenging bus rid- -
ers waited for a hearing on a
federal court suit filed here on V
Thursday to block enforcement of
racial barriers in interstate term-
The suit seeks an Injunction to
prohibit Montgomery police from
arresting Negroes for violatiiig-
segregatton laws or for violation
of n state. court ordc against
continued "Freedom rides."
Another Negro minister, this
Rev. Solomon S. Seay Sr., S3.
still haa a bullet In his wrist. He
T7 who raced past nil
home at high speed.
The executive secretary of the
pro-integration Montgomery Im-
provement Association said only
the fact that he was picking his
teeth kept the shot from striking
him in the face.
Adjutant General Henry V. Gra-
ham. In command of National
Guard troops enforcing martial
rule in the troubled- city where
bloody race riots exploded last
weekend, ordered tn intensive in-
The suit to sweep aside racial
bar. ~ —
nounced in Washington by this
Justice Department although it
was filed by the Rev. Mr. Aber-
Mthy and six freedom riders.
Justice Department attorneys
est of U.S,
"rank M. Jo"
mont cajled by Federal Mediator
Ray Majare. Some ^14 members
of the local who work Jo the. Sa-
■iiem unuri mis uiu^ram nmi muni lu Tuvr un a new tunmu .. , _ .. „ j- i_, ,
year are estimate at $10 million, proposal from the Sabine Area bine Are* would ^ *
~ • - ■'"* " * -i - ... - new contract.
If latest contract
Members of Ironworker* Locil
12S wili meet today at 8 p.m.
at the union headquarters in Beau-
mont to vote on a new contract
son Jr., to step into the esse as
a "friend of the court."
Directors of the State. Chamber
Of Commerce and the Montgom-
ery Advertising Club condemned
recent racial unrest and mob ac-
tion but made It clear at tha
same time that they resent the
segregation challenge which had
touched off the rioting.
Recorder's Court in Birming-
ham ordered fines — and In one
case a jail term—for three .white
men arrested while a white crowd
surrounded the Greyhound but
station in Birmingham Friday,
night while t racially mixed
group of Freedom Riders was in-
side the station.
Judge C. H. Brown fined James
L. Jones, '22. $50 and sentenced
him to 30 days In jail on a charge
of loitering after warning. Jones
also was fined $15 on a charge
of. carrying" f concealed Weapon
—a knife. ...
Charles L. Green, 22, and H. s.
McKirey,.28,were fined $25 each
for loitering after warning. All
three live in the Birmingham
area. ' ■
Gov. Daniel Soys
AUSTIN (AP) — Gov. Pricé
Daniel said today if the Legisla-
ture passes a satisfactory tax bill
before Monday night '.'there will
be'no special session this summer
or anytime soon."
Daniel issüed the statement as
House and Senate tax bill ^egp-
tiators called a.2 p.m. meeting to
talk over multimillión ' doilar
revenue compromise. -
Daniel's , statement was in an-
swer to questions as to what he
Would do if nothing is accom-
plished on his pet abandoned prop-
erty bill, and loan shark legisla-
"A special sessidn for the
Escheat bill and other matters
could best be timed for later in
the year or early next year," Dan-
i "1 still have hope that the Sen-
ate conferees will offer or accept
some type of compromise so that
the tax problem, the school pro^
gram, old" age medicai. ca 1i-
nancing -and the general appro-*
priation bill be enacted before
I. a. . •
The grants in the general school; Construction Committee (SACC).
tld bill would be paid on t sliding1 An snnouncement on the mem-
scale, the poorest state getting; bership meet was msde yester-
three times as much as the rich- day afternoon by H.
-im mm «oily«f ana woor wmmuiev. u nipy- ine per pu¡|)i aiiotnxeni
¿wijíu i£T :is p.m. reach the floor in the week f; would ^>e $27.74 for Arkansas,
««.-¡June 4. "" ¡Mississippi and South Carolina,
Men n.i £ven a tht wu geU the smallest ~
■■P.. | H. (Arky)
MSthcws. business agent for the
largest local. Neithér Mathews nor SACC
"" officials revealed any details on
the proposed contract and wages
pending thf voté.
This meet follows s bargaining
sessionheld Wednesdr/ tt the
$t.25 for Connecticut. Ridgewopd Motor Hotel in Betu-
Texas would get the
amount of annual aid. $57,97.084,
Nevada the smallest. $1,038,379.
The Wrgest per pugll allotment
are approved, the only remaining
Sabine construction craft without
a contract negotiated through
campaign across the Panhandle-
• He urged at Amarillo that vot
ers turn out "in the cause of
good .citizenship and responsible
Biakley Was questioned about
the trade of tractors for Cuban
prisoners during his Panhandle
a contract negotiated inrpuRn prisoners uunng rus I dnnamm.
SACC is Orange Millwlrght Local tour. He said he doesn't like the
2484 " . 1 so-called "blackmail" aspects Of
Previously ironworker rejected, the dest which President Kennedy
a three-year contract patt-ifrrcdihas asked Americans to support,
after the 32l4rcent over-all wage Biakley questioned It as g doubts
hike-bssis of settlement for other; ful extra-legal venture dfespite its
i humantiarian purpose.
ees agreed to try again.
All efforts so far have failed.
Tax talk, took a back seat at
times as legislators tried to push
through htindreds of specisl inter-
est bills before special end-of-the-
season rules take effect at mid-
After Friday onlyt legislative
measures well atong the way to-
ward completion or measures at-
tractive chough to get top-heavy
votes for suspension of rules can
The regular session ends at mid-
, Late Thursday House members
got a progress report on the tax
biU negotiation* between Senate
and House experts. "No progress"
was the report.'
"We have reached no final con-
clusions as of this moment," said
Rep. Charles Ballman, Boiger,
head at the House conferees.
"However the spade Work is done.
We are too close to adding the
roof to topple the foundation."
The House then wound itself into- -
a complex argument over Ball-
man's report and carné up with
no definite decision.
"I consider, my committee a*
still uninstructed," Ballman sa""
Later. "I don't know what the
next step Is. guess we jtist wait
until we get the word from .some-
There were no signs of the com-
mittee meeting again at the capí-
tol Thursday nignt.
The House refused, 88-51, to
discharge Ballman and his four
colleagues. At the same time, rep-
resentatives could not agree on
what Ballman's next step should
- A resolution that was at least
(Sec LEGISLATURE, Ptge 13)
ORANGE JUICE |
HEARD YESTERDAY - At a
local cafe: "A garlic sandwich is
two pieces of bread traveling is
bad company." :m
SAGE OBSERVATION — From
Charlie Stewart of West Ortnge:
"A Germtn inventor once claimed
he had-perfected a machine ca-
pable of translating any language
into English—that would be Just
the thing to retd my insurance
% - i- ■:
Here’s what’s next.
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Reference the current page of this Newspaper.
Browning, J. Cullen. The Orange Leader (Orange, Tex.), Vol. 58, No. 123, Ed. 1 Friday, May 26, 1961, newspaper, May 26, 1961; Orange, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth143045/m1/1/: accessed April 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Lamar State College – Orange.