Galveston Weekly News (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 13, No. 9, Ed. 1, Tuesday, May 20, 1856 Page: 1 of 4
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GALVESTON TEXASTUESDAY MAY 20 1856.
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Q. a.SJ il- - JV ' ( v 1 - - !tii S"" . - -r- - -- . .- a m
f RICHARDSON. CO' ' V a1 $r '- " The WU1 of the people Should Rule." - &. . "'
SV. - - Jt - fc S - - ' - - -.-... - ------------- - -r-rjv.a
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- - rCBLISHED ETDEtY TUESDAY
vv ' --. w"'
gfacn-UDSoy .ya WCHABDSOX:
o" m-'U inncnic l nnrr
DrroT-DloOenPi-l New. ToreUm iud Domestic; to
'ortteomtmifmilyw " "SSJSTi
t ComniercUl prospenty; to Politics only w for Im-
ledriolIi8ceUjineoartk:lMinreii'niicetootirp-st Ruchalowniour of rain which hxyaimosx
VKSlKanWhoA intermiw.on been fallingiin torrent
t on print1 r iuunu:r(
t - '- " 1 irnotiM-dwlttiln Blimonthn 4 00
j dedoclion of SO per cenLiriU tw ftlkin-pd Post lus-
ters who act ft aeentfl In rracnrln; fral-cnptkmft ami
raukhiff remiosnoei. - ". .
SlBffta fiabSfTibrrs -t a di&taace niay. at their plea-
- procure- sscfa priv-te conTe7iuices tber or hare
oonAdenoe in. ns beinc lth sale and expeditious.. .
ir i ' " -
tV4 'ADVERTISING RATES JA
-Kwwh ni4nr bn Imp nf mea Milten. one
'' dolUrfori llietirrtlniertion.and Cftj-cenU for each;
Aterr eonsWeraWt rrdoction Is made on hertlse-
A ments lnirtwl fjr three Mr o ta five rnonthv
STEAMBOArr BILLS POSTERS teL ( -
va. RxecAed wtth "nratnesB and on theniost liberal
aeparat. It hai teen recently nwirdouuled In its
su'.ajnnit ar tMHTitw. ppp---. c nxTinc how inn
n-auM .rJiITfnit bIep nti ktnJ to nult aiUbrfiit
SescripUons rwark. benid4.1arce.poTr prM.
rith any In the Booth. In point of extent and variety
"-of material as ell a in Jte npenortjie of wort
and the dispatch with which It h executed. Frioc
c Mi thii jnhi miv win nnw mrara c in i .niv .
have also Aieen. maten&uy cnuncu. utiuk xarrij
wtuak ana mnA vnrllv IntnV1)inll III XcwiWpMII
ti" We f nrtte a eomparim with other offlcei in and out
j - w r0P. v IDA. s shjhooi 4 wisa to cauuie
' "!c 5atlUoof. parents and .gnardiins to 'the
'-I'Vbove school ma highly 'deMmngtronage
V PtoTaV: has ieea on! v ashort time in GalveA
" n- hwt 1i )ibb o4vn the -Toatfvtt Rati&f action.
adl arn sneatinc Trlthin boanda when il Bay.
Uon toepo'rtment anathM.ttte faculty of
j A simplifying anbjectsto.the.nnderstandingof
thyonngTicholJiri vera inmodern
'languages heU perhaps iuperior to any other
teacher in the State and his lady and daughter
H . iaTimnt-Tt-nrr1it!n-ttiP 1-Hit fTRale RPinln.
arleiJTheyjtnjoyea it high TepuUtion in ew;
11 Orleans where IX hare hearf themj highly
"'TpraiseiK -in; these yJpyewtprTinfor-
j. .; Wli. .-Klin ans alnw . f0 MMIffTIIFa
- imlertmeritin withonLpfL
VinaL'srauthoriuTl faatwmi the liberty
of laying; "mfeir vonb iVr him Jajidl ns-ould
recommendthose whosecMldren are'notinat?
2g saljRractory progressj'io give mm raai.
StjTjw x T- .j. vj;"rlr
J' J AMlCaArrAIM .IK.THB BRITISH E-
ivereiMit'to Lord PALVEKSToVin'thetBriUah
jHouMttf .CoinmonB relating to the elay'f
iJf Asthe aeitwhic prapo
j (4io4Hr.GiJLDstoXK'enuiredaBto the state
oT negotiations sna'wiahedthe' correspond-.
enpiuMil -He eUtedhifirm conviction
heard on these jquestionBjji wUl h heard jn
- -a ma'nner fcalculated to promotctheinteresta
-of (peace and good neighborhood betwecn'the
two countrieiT' 'Ie therefore racked of i Lord
Pjluieestok to" give Information to the House
"whether tn the present state of the diplomatic
s i!"tioiis between the'two 'countries thereia
-'o possibility or likelihood of farther communl-'
V cations taking place between the two Govern-?
raentsaiid whether as regards the contested
claims In Central JUnerica fie etill. entertainj
the" hope that a perfectly good nnderrtancting
may be establiahed between Great Britainand
'ineymtedistates-j . j 2i
fon1 PAT.vrTtffToV-? rrnlr w jht' Sj...
m auuuhjii- J yided giving
any opinion In regard to the settlement if the1
JTntra)lmericandifBcaUy jia J treatl- Mr.
CrahftoVs omission as a matter of no ioiror-
tance as Hr. Marct; 'he'said i aires dy knew
the same fromlfr.-BucHAicAx.;
"Tlnu'it Is that the British statesmen quibble!
-proposition of arbitration was Irregularly
and Terbally made? to ilr. Buchakax who
replied that -H wis too tbdefinite and could
writing Jt was sent to" the. British Minister
In Washington who suppressed it; vand in the
mean time Lord Clasevdox stated! in the
'House of . Lords; that arbitration habeeh
offered. Mr. Bcchaxax met thls statement
with a denial'and nowwhen it is" asked why
Mr.CBJrroNleptrthe" despatch back-Lord
Palhtrston says itfwuniinportantinas-
tunch'as the proposition had been" made be.
fore. m v
The Indications to which we have heretofore
referred ofthe settled purpose or theBritish
Government t6 maintain its own construction
of the ClaytonBnlwer treatyby thefdecreeof
the Crown inrefennce tothe island of Ran.-
. Y . j- . 'A. '-(- ..-
iau soowutai we neea not nope lor apeace-
able settlement of tlie Central American tiueti-
uoo.irum uie a AiatKsruija.imstrj uui.wc
'mayjhope that the Commons willnbt permit
the Cabinet'lo involve that1 country lri war
with theTInited States. HoweuTr; it'Vtint
rtoo tree that theT oligarchy. of-England 'rule.
: Jheimasse.vwith allbat absolute poweri and it
isalso true; thar-this oligarchy islnimicilPtb
the United States. '.The jiower and influence
f the nobility has been fully exemplified in
tbe'war with' Bussia and though the disasters
miamanagement and mistakesin the beginning
of that war were chargeahle-'totaristocratic
rontrol though the ".British jiresa Andpeoplet
hadto admit the deficiencyjnf every requisite
for jiacccssf nl warfare" except brave soldiers
Tn the ranks reform "itjtf Becms Sir oh; and
the incubus of la bloated nobility continues to
hang Cover the government and legislation
of England; imbecile and gouty old fogies pre-
bVe scions of aristocracy occupy her places' of
honor and profit. i
A conflict with'the United State or the
danger or fiuchawar.'will however rousethe
'people of England and we incline to the opin-
ion that the p'ower of the oligarchy will not
be Bufficent to induce a contest which would
be attended with so great 'a sacrifice of "inter-
ertVo.the masses. The Commons wih see
danger in the hungry mouths 6frUanchester
should the animosity of the aristocracy be
gratified by a war with this country. They
will seethat they hare' nothing to gain and a'
great'deal to (loserf for we do not fear the
. powers of Europe in regard to taking from us
any portion of onrterritory while the British
hold on Canada would certainly be severed.
But the danger to the aristocracy themselves
should deter Lord PALKEKSToK'and his "col-
leagues. It will be impossible to conceal the
fact that Ube" war would bcoppdsedrtothe
interests7 of the country . The manufacturing
4 millions would cry aloud and-a'convulsion
might ensue which would shake "the British
constitution from its base to its crown.'
Another' phase of this ' Central American
question which must be apparent to English
statesmen is that in a commercial point ; of
view it would be to her advantage were the
whole of those States peopled by North
Americans. She cannot colonize them her-
elf and seems to entertain the .opinion that
no other power can; but if Walker's attempt
shbold'succeed it is evident that England- by
encouraging it might raise np for herself a
good and profitable customer' and do a profit-
able iraa with the new republic. This would
he the view that commercial England would
tae of the matter she would look to the
prospects of trade and the gain to the world
by an industrious race supplanting a semi-
barbarous illiterate and worthless people;
bnt aristocratic England jealous of the spread
of republicanism inimical to our institu-
tions and enraged at our example of pros-
perity would frustrate every effort and annihi
late every attempt for the extension of repub-
We can see a great distinction between the
English oligarchy and the English people and
there Ha probability that the latter will re-
fjuire Lord Palmerston to vacate his posi-
tion when they discover his shuffling and
double dealing towards this country.
Fall- of the Moxthorekcy Bridge.
Loss of Live. A Montreal despatch of the
30th nit says :
The new suspension bridge over the falls of
the Montmorency river gave way this morning
and the structure together with a man and
woman and a horse and cart was carried over
the falls. The bodies of the unfortunate per-
. ms hare not been found.
rEOllorlal Cttrrespwndmce.' t -
Hocstos ItatOth. 185Ct
For several ilays" past Honston'has'becn
mming la mud m that it is alinoit iinpo:
1 ntble to get abont eren'on1 the side'waltf'
len liwa inr lack to.Ix-hetf; anting" wet
wtathcr bat I never before rememwr peeing:
for the past fniiriaVB- Everything of coarse"
i ... -
. looks gloomy and In-smew i liarUally;'Rns-
j pendtfdj owing to the condition of the roads
which prevent me wagon nui vuuufi .
A more mieral'le upectacle thaa Houston
now presents to the eye out of. door can
scarcely be Imagined and bnt for my mishap
:ir l-i ..-.:ntiui tafjrnrlhihn9t which
in OT1UE wubiiuuhk .--.-
-left this. evening I hhonld have been' nearly
half 'way to Galvestonj. ) v
On'Thorsday the' WaahlngglUnarda
ftplelirated their first 'anniveraaryinwhich
they were. joined by our GiJvestMCity
Gaard-"wbo arrived eorly-pin the TOoraing
onder.commana-i ien.-n-.uu uu -
'promlneiit part in tthe day proceedingsj
which passed off with unusuareclaC consider
iniritne. state 01 iue-.weai.iier oj wuic "
take when theyairived."-!?!!
WUICII uau.oeen cuaricivu bitcimuj;i "iiujj
them uptho H ouatoiCompany liad dandedj
ni mtiM nnt.-K mntre 'intime to Teceire
-. r-.: .:;'. -iil.i;
mnca regreueu;uy me ciiuseas.gcu-iaiijn
well as the Company4 vhich"had been waiting'
fortwo'bours'previousana only separated
vn'on ;rvaTitnnTtMlrnolHuit wa'coraine?-
When 'her '.whistle v-was heafttf"0-
':- ..LuTl IntahJuJ ttTVan tmn'rtlo.
aUQ CIICUlUWUt:y IKKHUHl "fT" JS
played waa;"lotrtioming and jttctpj
town had capitulated; bnt before they-Ttached
the Ctuii tol It commenced graining! as "iVonly
does rain.in Houitonandln less than an hoof
theedge ofJvtown? but Rowing :owthc inelemen
cy-Ol.l-ue weauierfi" wu tu;uc'aiMuuiwcu
and" the woessio'n.tafterSnaixhinE .through
sneiierin ine lapiwi wnero a aompmouavui-
jnadeappropriate to the occasionwUchnn-
hearing beingi unaware -of the "ehangesthat
Wd been made in the order of the $rJJlJT
TAAFrE'Esqi'a'jouiig laWyerof ne talents i
wud uas-TtceuuY nunc' umaiaBuiagie:ju
Houston; was elected rthel orator Jflheday
and acquitted himself-rouch to the.atiaf action
s't i. ---..:.':
mrnt and tinre eloanence. is Raid to have snr-
'fiassed all his former l&vtaVA
Dy nw couneoasaeineanorsana1.genHenian-'
ly deportment HhelGeheral tnjariablywina
hostetof friends" wherever'hei goeai Jand-ve
UIliB KUUU ICUUU M U IIWUU W1.UI1U A3 U tlU'
-- S- iiwf -k. -ss - - - - m
ten as well ns the fine compauy he commands
which1 fwere' highly V.complimeaiKdorfieir
8oUieT'like"bcaring-1 -TietWashlngton Light
Guaru commandedfby CaptT .Edwards and
theGerraan Rifle Company under CapfHAAS
afso'presented'a ine.appearance andteliclted
tbTadmiration of all present; Hhongfi"the"iini
ft-nil1n utitjinf tliiT-fl tTu' W1 ai"rill "jal.
cnlated to ihrowa damper onlhepToceedings.
Several other speeches were made and toasts
ilrAhVAnd respoaded.to'whenfthe company.
atetedi to Daeetggaln in the evening at a
was.' af-rill SntwrWaSd awaS imp imnw-'iC
n i-wgnaedHmmMrm 6aVheeiVeS!lkicTei
poured In ItdTrentaithe1 whole ' evening;
ivhichbroughteTeryTehile in town?into
requisition J-jThe room was tastefully decorat:
ed and. dancing kept up vrith'iMch .spirit ur
Galveston friends who' wcrecompelled .to
leaveat an early Jibnr' haying the privilege f
were. piesentlind4herc4mi'Mon presented a
scene of lieanty and fashibnfcuch asBonston
mightLwell be t proud ofBright eyesrand
festive sceoeX The music under thnianage
mentof lEKRr sovell and favorahlyinown
for.his" skill in the tcrpsichorean art: botiilin
)?- -rfk('"-- v rtrfv- -e;' Wi3f-ii iv
vurenon anu uousion was excellent; anaau
kn imnffAtnonta m ion mnC(inTnTiTiit' Vnflaitt
ed good tastein'ithelr elections Hbsrt.Is
ItnriT fn'lni tn 1)ia Hvitif nf iMnDtaHiV !(
thorough knowledge of dancing- qualifies ilm
ut iaKe i tie parinsnauy asaigncu-io-jum on
such occasions.. TheJJtXthavingto return
at half past- twelve v o'clock sapperwasnj
nounceAtanearly hjour;and the tablefoad-
eddownVwith a profusion of 'laxuriesj were
soon crowuea oy me company wno ciu ampie.
justicejo the"good( things placed before thenL
pertineni remarks on. -thV eventVhicjTthey
L. .1 1 ..1 1- ir t. la. 3 a-' '4t-"V t.
Gen.McLKOD for a 'toast which hev'gavein
his usual happy style; prefacingit by a short
speech in'.whlch he paid pome flattering'com-
puuiran mi t-uu lames reierrjng id-glowing
terms of eloquence to thejnfluence ithey had
wielded In ancientj as welUasmoderntimeB.
He' touched also npon foreign' politics .and
woundup by giving as a toast woman1 which
yasreceived.with'lo'ud applause and respond
etttoDymany tenaer iooks ana winning
smiles for which our. Galveston4boya came in
for-their 'full 'share. 4The houn o'fijilepartnre
havingvarrivedj our little band1 took their
leave" accompanied by the.warmesi wishes for
their safe returniandaspeedy reunion tinder
niiBnif.aa a fa r Ai. Til a . rto tlina rTifAli lildl
brought them together that night '
;Snch interchanges .orsociality and 'good
fellowship will it may be-hoped lead(toaf
letter underotandingibetween the citizens "of
uuofioD anu (uatyeionwnose interests are
so identical . VJii:
AVAsuiiOToN May 7th. The Democrata'of
Mayor and Councilmen " " !
The State Demnrmti- HnnvonHnn nfAw
Jersey have elected Buchanan delegates to the
. Peircc Is declared the. first choice of the
jeuiocratic convention or aoutii uarolina:
Boston Mayi 7th. The American "State
Councllihasptabled a resolution repudiating
Fillmore.' t -
A portion of the delegates b6lted and held
a meeting repudiating the .action of the ma-
jority in endorsing the nomination of Fillmore
audtappointingdelegatea totthc 12th' of June
Convention" ' "
.The majority for-Vaux Democratic candi
date lor juayor oirniiaacipnia is aew. Both
branches of the' Council are largely Dem-
ocraticA . - t
The Ei-hthLContrrebsionaLDIatrict of Vir.
glnla Ex-(Jovernor .William Smith's j-has
eiccteu iougias ueiegavcs 10 me democratic
New To.K7?May 5. Mr. Haven the .late
copartnerof Mr. Fillmore ' in the-practice of
the law luswrittenaletter iniwhichhe de-
nies the report that Mr Fillmore has declined
the nomination and says that he will certain-
ly accept. r '
Important front Kniisas
New' York iMay'5;-41espatches received
here from St. Louis thisTmorning give an ex-
tract from a letter written at Westportwhich
says there Is hornet hopeof the recoveryof
Jones the sheriff whose wound has heretofore
been announced as mortal.' S
Col. Sumner 'with his whole 'command was
'at La wrence"and would remain there until all
the arrests were made and the parties sent to
Lccomptc. The deputy; sheriff Tof -Douglas
county was occupied in making the arrests-
and had writs in his possession against one
hundred of thecitizens'for violating the Ter-
Some of the populace have been firing into
the soldiers1 tents" and Col. Sumner was com-
pelled to put a stop to it by threatening to or:
der out his men in case of its repetition j; Gov
Robinson charged the actto.thenro-slaverv
Sarty which 'was at once denied by.'CoL
omner who said he would very soon settle.
it 11 toe uovemor wouia aiiow ninu
Evading Sc.vday Laws. In Columbus Gai
they have established a sort of post-office
fixture situated In a bar room with boxes
and keys which arc rented at a certain rate
per month; the holder of each box leaves word
on Saturday night how much and what kind
of liqour he wants in his box on the following
day and a personal visit will satisfy yon that
his wishes are wall attended to.1'
first seiftooYx-a KouiV&wndVwaffbyrnfr
means flattering. juowever theyhrayed(it
likesoIuiere; andcoompanieajiijr. tneir own
wbAC tthednpjthe street' jnst as" if-the
f J abetter front WashUigton.
- ' V ' i ' imZ ' 11
EditobsNews Gentlemen: ' There is noth-
r - .-. t '
log of very great importance going on in Con-
" . -11 " t: t' ti . -
cress: Much of the time of both Houcs i
I : j Xt J. i s-.:--i uino .
consumed InTdiscussIng national politico the
ir;-...-. -i-- ti-. i.nr- ih-v
jaxik of Louisiana made a martprfy effort ?n!ion is of Eat iniportance and can-
npon 'these' general subjects to-day. Itwas t be too thoroughly invesUgated. The pub;
t . " JV" Hi rnln.t clinnl.l Ant Hi. all infptTtijt tin
listened to with marked1 attention hy an Im
mense crowd of ladies' and gentlemen. He
skinned Seward from head to foot andwhen
that prosy slovenly-looking individual got up
to reply uch a getting ttertcn stairs yon never
did sce.r The ladies began to swarm like bees
from a hire; one remarking as she 'started
that she had no desire 'just then to listen tn h
sermon The presiding Vfficer'Mr.j BaiGiir
endeavored to keep'orderxbut it was no go
Ahe people would leave andthey did leave.
Hr;BESJAsiiN Ua man of-fine appearance
fine voice 'ami -fine talent. He is really an
eloquent and elegant' public speaker far snpe.
riot to what I had expected to find hinu Every"
cV; V"U"J7 J i-lPT-
with the speech.. General Cass took the floor
'--- t?- . . v ' ; it
a jnomenteto award him a proper enlogy. He
body except Sewakd and blsclan was pleased
saldeverylovcrofhlscountryi.hoaldbeproud w' inS T J 'it - i"
v .-J." . - '.." The Ifavort CWy is printed on the press and
of snch a man and such a speech or words to j.-..- . r "i f? ' i
"-.'.L. ... ; with the materials r thej oor. and will
to that effect; And every proper lover of H fc - . r . ..- s.c l
- v.i J - r carry out the contracts of the latter for ad-
country was proud of it. . . "!T;W .''!-'v1T T r"-. ..
i ct .T- B'ninD'tfenTlTti Jyfirtirtng and. subscription. We wish its pub-
In Seward I amatogether dlsappointed-rft . . . . ; -ltC; . -v-rS .. L
In my mindhad fwuTedandea- (for. mbs.
he was a fine scnsiHc looting man or genteel j! . it - . .
Pi1!? Hf - 'Thb Fi.uitVal-Jgenbet of 'ladies
being ..?. ftW atthe
thi Senate. He is rather slenifer.Tnth3 fimalL 1fi .'..v .-- :-." . .'
""-'. .- I ' m J-i?-'.-'iT :.i... i;'"s
5 l. H ?S?VirvlW '5 h
tte probawo ..cUon or.tfc Uncinnatlon.
KfTSWSy V " J".'."-;.".'"'"1."
amintrtn'rnn as Auiinilenendant candidate.
s - v- . i -.-' '-ira". '" uanasome amount was
cuuuucuvra m- aiicAiv. line ui: hod LuiUg vu ". n ;. -. ..
i . -. ' -;l .t-r.w. ?r Uof fteBaptnit Churchi
imarh iprmnn ""It Am aetnnidhftrVto hp-lrtf "i-'f . j .
-rr. -k "-JAiu js?k-.'-'- it confection arr' were exeellent. :inl thi ladips
that a man of .his inferiorjappearance'has K07 '-- . '.... .
n- . ---; Sa w j'very beautirul andl attentive so that purcha-
mochfluenceinNewAork.CW JU . Jfci?- Jvv.rv: '.-. ...
LQ-v-..- ?. N"'--t"-; -A-tant mayDC ortener repeated the "widow's
Iliia is certain unless he changes his notion foM ;j.: ..- . . . ..
?...- '- v j ..-.-.. - iv i - - - mite should'beas acceptable for the purpo-
hehasxaiuso tomanvf I heardhinvsay sot-- -?- " - . :. .. . ..
'--'. "- v-t- ses 01 xeugion ami cnaruy. as me uonars oi
"myself.fHe may possibly drive IJ&FzlLmorbV.. rr ?-. - . "i ?. i .1 -t
fcVb !t " tooard also that those
.the tra'cVand yet'make'a pretty fair'n
' I am not well and have no time to write you
-. -v;-- .- ': J - '- .
'tThVsubJoined letter from Uen.iWiLKER of
Nicaragnawas read in the. Senate on the
itsjreference lot'" British intervention Mn be-
half of Costa Bica. " 'LTw 1
?jj Geral$raUer t Senator WelterS vj
$" GRAJCADAf Apnl 15 ISoB-j
Ho1r.bnVBTwEti.ER US..SenateL J
ltMvDAK SiRBy the last papers' from New;
Tork I learn;that"whenIewasdenounced in
the Senate for the conduct Nicaragua has pur-
sued towards the Transit Company yon.we re
logenerous as to undertake to defend me from
me aspersions oi.mcu uuenv iKuursmui mj
nli.MtM- 1 inncariTiinra nf tliia T tn1rr thn
liberty of writing some facta in relation to the
prove not unimportant to.the Government of
thnTInlteil BUteMTJ J f" r " "'
i-Yoa have donbtlesss" learned from the news
papers-how paaoewas tne-poiicy Nicaragua
projiilneulO'purHiit:fnwi.TA vue-wuici omica
overtures of TieaceVthe neighboring' Govern
menu e now eu iueuiae.tcaii uukpusimcij at
least negatively hostile to the actuals dminis-
tration of XicaraguaV If was consUntly as
sertednot'only here but throughout Central
Americavthat the States" were-stimulated;to
this conductbyiEnglIsh'and French agents
But it was not until the correspondence of fthe'
Consul General of o3ta'Kica in London-was
intercented bv me a few weeks 'airav that posi
tive evidence was afforded oLtheactive sym
pathy the British Government manuestaaor
those who'oppose the Americans in Niciragria;
The" MrrestMindenet shows-thatEncIand i
furnishin charms tcnrenenHe"inaJLtb-
ron is sent to Ban Jnafl aellfofte in order.that
the moral weight of the ; English Government
may be thrown into the!" scale-against our
Republic- . " Ijfe" ' 1
iIdo not know-how: these facta may appear
to the people of-the United States but to me
they seem directly at .variance .with 'American
principlesandAmerican Interests. These
facts arepatent'-to-allandttheir significance
is apparent to(.themostTsuperficIalobserver.
There are othercircumstinces connected witlT
thepresentfwar 'waging in this State and'In'
Costa Rica '.which may require interpretation
in order to jnake their importance- felt.)
The- Government; of Costarica 'has -never
vet declared war'a'gai-Bt'the Government of
Nicaragua1; yet tit has invaded our territories
neyer.forfeitedithe- protection of .the .United
States Government; JThisJiaB been "done' en
der cover of aTdecree .issued 'bv the President
ofjCosta Rica; declaring war against the Ame
rican forces inthe services of Nicaragua: To
declare warj'a gainst ;the' forces: in the service
selfis to deny; in the most positive and offen-
sive manner"the right of Americans to engage
has this declaration' of warj been made In this"
onensive ana nnnearu ol manner out anomer
decree has-been published ' ordering J allthe
'American prisoners'; of? war taken .byCosta
Rica'forcesltoiibeshot.KThis Is to deriyUo
Americaiis;cngaged in.aforeigntservice the
common. nguts 10 wnicn soiuiersvare entitieu
byhe laws of .war. Such" decrees as those I
have mentioned not onlv throw Costarica as
I 'conceive beyond the pale' of "civilized na
tions unt iney uirectiy anecc me nonor anu
dignity or the United States.i
e $JThey (the Costa Ricans) attempt to control
the American people and keep them 'vwi thin a
HmHwhich' the AmericantGovernment has
never prescribed. Costa Rica says Americans
shaU not emigrate to Nicaragua and take
arms In her service. It remains to be seen
whether she can sustain herself in'so singular
apposition. 'In "such a.waras they are now
wagingagainst us; there can be butlone rc-
sult.f' They' may destroy my whole . force-a
circumstance I deem almost imnossible-they
may killevery American1 nowiin .Nicaragua
but tile seed is sownand not all the force of
Spanish America can prevent the;fruit from
natureof.thewar)rtheyi.wage'against us the
more certain the result the moreterrible the
consequences. 1 maynot live to see. the end
bntl feel that my countrymen will not permit
the'result to be; doubtful. Iknow that -the
honor and the Interests of thegreat country
engaged in I still love tocall my own are in-
volved in 'thef present struggleThat honor
must be preserved invlolateuand thosej Inter
estsmnstbe jealouslymaintainedJH' '
So far we have had great moral odds against
us. The Government towhich we all natural-
ly look for'aidCandcomforthas' treated us
with'coldnessanddisdainj There' has been
no GovernmenUto encourage U5and;bidrus
3! God speed." Nothing but our own sense of
the justice of the cause we are engaged In and
or its importance to: the country oft our birth
have.enaoled usUo struggle on asfaras we
haVe'done. vycinayperish.iiiftiiework we
haveundertaken and our cause may be' for a
time losLt Bat if we fall' we feel that ittt3 in
the'path of honor! "And 'what is life or what
is success in 'comparison with the conscious-
ness of having performed & duty and of hav-
ing co-operated no matter how slightly in
thecause of 'Improvement and progress?' I
begin however to leave facts and therefore
will concluded " - "
I remain with high regard :your obedient
servants .T w ' WM..WALKER.' '
In the ilatiotrnV liueUigeiieer from' wmtb.
paper we .take' the above Uetter of Gen.
WAtEiBf we ffind the following decree from
Republic op Nicaragua Gbinada r
j -' March 22 1850. j
t2ot?te Vrefeet of tkelDejtartmtni of ' :
!-Ve-Supreme'Executive"Power has" deter-
mined to issue the folIowiniT'dwree;
'The Provisionary President of tthe Republic
in Nicaragua 10 its inuaDitants:
.Considering; that" the- urgencies of the mo-
ment demands the levying of a forced loan
which shall be returned with security as soon
as possible; 'and seeing that'in order that the
division should be fairly 'made it is proper
that the proprietors themselves should make
buoLAii.uii.Liuu umecutive irower mere-
fore in pronouncing his authority
Art.1. There Bhall be raised in.this city a
forced loan of height thousand dollars divided
among "those" proprietors' whose productiblc
capital may exceed two thousand dollars:
;Art-j2. A commission 'composed of three
persons who shall be nominated for thafpur"
poser shall proceed .this very day to make the
division and the list having been formed it
Bhall be handed to the Sub-Delegate of the
Treasury in. order that he mav inform the
parties mentioned in it of the amount set oppo
site tneir names ine amounts snau oe paia
in tnree equal installments me nrst online
spot and the two remaining after an interval
of i five days each. ."
Art. 3. The Sub-Delegate is authorized to use'
such means of .constraint in the collection as
he.may judgejnecessaryj considering the pub--lie.
orders' upon 'one-half of the product of the
maratime customhouse of San Juan del Norte.
.Art. S.' Communicate; tfca "
SiUKASj'itc "" ' Patricio Rivas.
-vy ' r
The Caitcls. In consequence of the rough
sea the U. ' S. ship Supply has '.not been able
todischarge the camels .off Matagorda bar
and has proceeded in company with the" stea-
mer'JiwAwMi to tiie Mississippi for1 that pur-
pose. Jne Fashion wiir then take the camels
ot Indlanola so aayathe Bulletin
- THURSDAYMAY16 1856;
QSTue several communications in onr
t- -.. " - .
present paper leave us no room.nor'lndeed
much occasion for any comments of our own.
? ;.-.. f? - r - ' ;
We intend to give the advocates as well as the'
j - 1 f .
opponents of the Loan Bill a fair show. The
lie mind should not only be well informed on
this subject but shonld be made known
through the medium of the press previous to
the approaching session We have no private
interests lo subserve on the snhjeetof internal
improvements and wemnstsaythat we think'
'It would tend greatly to promote the cause of
truth In the discussion of "this qnesfion if no
sucti Interests existed.
: a '
TnEBAYOLJ Citv. We have received the
first number of u paper with thistltle pub
lished iniHoustont by-Mesrs. TaikbairkjA
SIcClellan.- it'is to be "free from 'politics
and sectarianism f 'it will aim to give gener-
al information' and be Christian and literary
--TOcatlng-the principles' of the Protestant
l.". . - . v.- '-.r
faith and endeavoring i to apply science and
Vi--..;C 7-iV- -r"
1 -- "S7 ""- ? "- - -f
ir m iiortan wauyesierday evening and a
w - - t - ?! - - - '- - rf. -.;
realized tor me ucnent
The ice-cream and
- - roYe'ii)(.M1.. InJecl e bcIi(!T( tho
re mo moderate than u.oal on such
- o&Snni we think thb an improve-
wcnL ns.thcsecntenainments if not exorbl-1
.1. . . 5". . . .- j I
who have the misfortune to be poor shonld be
entirely debarred whatever of pleasure or en-
k VlL - - .
'joyment these rennions afford.
l .Hos.Leslie A. Thohpsox. Our readers
'are aware that this gentleman is a candidate
for'the Legislature"' at the election on Monday
lhext. 'Much interest) has been felt in Judge
(TsrOpiniotf on rte. subject of Internal im-
provementSt 'and faVnumber of our citizens
; propounded rinterrogatorles to him which
uiuucui vut a nil aaiumvtuir itiiij iu kiic
lasi. u trin a 1112 regret mai wc cuuuut nnu
space to-da-y? for this correspondence but the
substance'of JudgeT's reply is thathe Is oji-
pqaeUj tonne loaning policy and in favor 01
the StatetPlan 0 building railroads; but
shouldfthe latterfall be will "support such
other measures aYhc may think liest to accom-
A Terrible Tornado. Mr. M. M. Miller
of Pleasant RunDallas county is now In our
city having "an-Ived by the r steamer from
Houston this 'morning' We have not seen
Mr." Miller' but the account he has given to
omers 01 a lomauo'tiiaiiooK place in rieas-
any 'we.' have' ever heard or in Texas. The
tornadoblew from the south and commenced
about "an" hour' before son set on the above
'day- Mr-Miller; wasthimself. absent from
Tiome 'J. ' -
He says every building he had was carried
away; and not a vestige left. His partner
whose name we have not learned was killed.
ttnnjiiu'wiin'i itini 11 - ninu nan ihu cuiiuren
making five lives lest on his own premises.
There were also four other persons killed in
(tiieimmediat'ej' neighborhood making nine'lh
all and some'six or eight wounded. Some of
his goods were carried 'to a distance of fifty
miles in Tarrant county; and one of the chil-
dfen wasfound''deadhalf a mile distant from
the'house This tornado extended about IC
mileRprth andSouth. .being from 200 to 300
yards in iftdt6vlr'this tract the tornado
swep'carrngUway or prostrating every
thing in its1 course; killings horses' cattle.
hogs "and other animals. Without Lbelngv able
to see Mr.-MiLLERj we cannot attemptto'state
CKVps.urre:changcs";rrom the interior
continue togiye very favorable accounts of the
wheat cotton and corn crops. " 'l&l f
Katner more ram.than was necessary has
fallen insome sections and planters'will have
t rotajile lx1cepin ott li the 'grass yet all
things considered; their? prospects are highly
Killed Mr. R P. Williams farmer- to
the Toncahna Indians on their Reservation
was killed in .the latter end of April by a
Boldicrof CoLJohnsok's near Fort Belknap.
Cosvictios fob Murder. We learn that
Alios Adeinsox wasitried and convicted 'at
the last term of the District Court at Wash-
ington for the murder of Thomas Harrison
in Bellville Austin county last December.
An appeal was taken to the Supreme Court.
San Axtosio. The San 'Antonio Reporter
notices several robberies in that city notwith-
standing the patrol kept up every night. One
man sued the corporation for services he was
compelled to render one night on patrol and
obtained a verdict for two dollars.
QP"The steamer GhpesiotamX four flat
boats arrived at the mouth of the Trinity
River on the 13th with cotton. The 'river is
reported ie good boating order.
CC?" Two men says the Dallas Herald were
killed in a street fight at Leona last week.
Pistols were the weapons used. We have not
learned the names or particulars.
Q?"The U. S. Surveying Schooner Aragot
Lieut. DeHaven commanding arrived to-day
from Matagorda bay officers all welL
$&" The Brownsville Flag of the 30th ult
states that the steamship Nautilus was to
make two more trips from New Orleans to
Brasos Santiago touching at Galveston pre-
vious to being laid up for repairs.
A Humbug. The Statesman notices a per-
formance in Waco by the Dwarf Sisters who
have been making a tour of the State. The
only part of the' exhibition worth anything
was the exit of the troup from the town with
out paying rent for the Odd Fellow's Hall
.which they had hired-'
j Kansas. Telegraphic despatches state that
Sheriff Jones had attempted to arrest a man
named Wood but the Free State menbarri-
caded the house in which Wood was concealed
and while the Sheriff was waiting forrre-in-forcements"
he was shot in .the back. United
States trdop3were on their way to Lawrence
'the seat of the disturbance'.'
. . .
Shaving Made Easy. Wet your shaving-
rosh in either'wann or cold water pour on
'two or three drops of "Balm of a Thousand
Flowers" rubthe'beard well and it will make
a. beautiful soft lather much facilitating the
operation of shaving. Price only Fifty Cents.
Fetridge & Co Proprietors New York
For sale byyJ. Wright & Co. 21 and 151
Chartres street New OrleanSj and by all
H?"The railroad from Houston is progres-
sing atTthe rate of half a mile per day o
'. says the Bayou City.
D bat u op a'Distingui'shed NewYokkek.
We regret to see the announcement of the
death of Ogdex Hoffman Esq. one of the
most distinguished jurists bfNew York He
died In that city on the 1st tnatl '"
.Suicide jkjKew Orleans. The -New Or
leang Delta has the following item :
1 A' German namedG-stavus Frank who
resided a long tune in Texjs and who was at
one time a member of.the Texaa Rangers cut
his throat this" morning with a razor" in his
room; at the St. Louis .Hotel 'while laboring
under a fit 'of delirium tremens. He was
about thirty years of age and was a member
of .the Masonic; Fraternity. His regalia has
been deposited with the W-M. of the G.L. of
Louisiana. The deceased was once in very
easy circumstances but became reduced. An
Inquest was held on the body and a verdict
iu (Hjiuiuauce miu m- iavn rciurocu.
-..-- -"--- .---w.... nw .bh.1 .U ..-
To the Holders of "paid" or' ficti-
Gentlemen t Pardon my presumption in
thus addre.sslng a fraternity so numerous.. I
have been read out of the Democratic party
through your influence. Yon will allow me
lo speak u.word that may possibly lead to
an explanation of our relative positions.
Whenwecome to a proper understanding all
round I irust It will be quite as well for the'
public There Is nothing like having an 'op-
portunity for appreciatingthe conduct of men ;
more especially when their hidden motives
are the real insteadnf the ostensible cause of
attack. Ihave"'been watching you closely for
a long time.. I have not only expected but
have" known that you wotild be down upon me.
I have known also that your ground of attack
"would be fabricated not real. I caught you
arrtngtngJjour plan of attack more than a
year ago and could only laugh at the silliness
of yourtactics. You will do me the credit to
acknowledge iiowcver th.it I have not shrunk
from 1 the"" encounter;' nor manifested timidity
at your assaults. You have made nigger
polities yourtilting ground. Will you now
teii me people woat that has to do with the
Internal Improvement policy of the State.
There arc iVo prominent 'and distinct pro
jects before the people: The State SrsTEMT
and the loaning policv added to land
bonuses. The one or the other must prevail
The two are'entirely antagonistic jn their
principles ; and! will assume would be Im
menscly disproportionate in beneficial results
to the country-. The one proposes" to make
use of our common property and common'
means for Jhe 'general benefit and by porscv
vering with tic system to give as equal ad-
vantages to the interior and back country as
are acquired by the coast sections. It proposes
to employ the only agency or power nowcam
petent to earn it oat the State itself! This
proposed plan has Leen much discussed. In
no instance h-ve'the arguments in Its favor
been elther.inel or shaken.
.The antagonistic policy (if 'policy it can
be. called) has 'very different objects in view:
It is'based npoi the' idea of enriching individ-
uals. It has m origin in individual specula
tion and this paramonnt to every other oK
ject. The greatest profit to the few to be
achieved by an 'appropriation of the public
property the pijbllc'raoney possession of the
public treasury (Connected with exorbitant
and unending enactions ou productive indus-
try are the chief elements that enter into iti
calculations. II y object in this communicar
tion is. not to appeal to your sense of patriot-
ism where the idea of money is in the oppo-
site scale ; for that would be useless. I design
merely to show.jthat .whilst your Individual
purposes are faliacionsyoa are' pursuing a
coarse calcalatedto retard the prosperity of
the state and tins Inflict au injury on the
public that Is entirely unpardonable. To get
at a fair view of taesnbject let us take a look
at the condition of your proposed roads.
First the Lay Charter or Galveston
Houston & Henderson' Road. This route con
templates a road 'about 265 miles in length'.
At $20000 per mite a-low estimate if we in-
clude crossings ani equipments would cost in
round nnmbers 5 1 nitlians. I have on another
nrcastion. alluded to the contract between Mr.
Lacy and those wio became associated with
him under. bin charter. That contract provi-
ueu in suostance ioat jn.iv.UAg v was to nave
one fifth of the road when bnilt. This was In
consideration of his-charter and the land bo-
nuses and donation! and his services in obj-
taining them. HerL then was an ideal fund
or profit of about neven hundred thousand
dollars. Who were be the recipients of this
fund if ever rcalizedJNot Mr.LAcr alone
but his agents re timers attorneys and ac-
complices. a Inside aid outside help must nat-
urally come In-for a' iHre. It is unnecessary
to conjecture as toitno are to be the' recipi-
ents in part of mismimficent bounty: Those
who understand the"oture of these cases
will readily enough infer that Mr. Lacy act-
ing alone? would nothaje the remotest idea tf
his power' to achieve 'strcess.- The delusion
mustvbetpartitioned. (Again who do you
think ingoing' to pnt in money against thte
fictitious stock? .Do vm1 think von" will snV
ceed in roping tiie city" q Galveston into t the !
concern (QUituacuuieeirouau anutmase
another trial. Comegeitle'men telfus'wliat
representations yon riadi in Europe andwhat
faLse'pretences' you pit lorth'in'ordec'to'ok
tain thesm'all loan yon'etrected!!. Then if you
please7tellns'how.nuch of the loan came to
handj afterpaying the Jueoimts shares ahd
commission1.-'' A. goed '"cause gains'much bya1
fair and aiinr(A atiijmiBTi nf ttn stKaIa ana
But this is a small cmcern let us'come'to the
ffr; B "
About one yearago! published a communi-.
cation nder "the hod of - Falbe PibiiTicAii
Economy.1 repbllsh ar-shoftparagraph
from that article; foithe sake of an allusion to.
the State Gazette m 'an authority The parar
graph was as follow:' r"TiP"
i I must now male onr Friends of the State
" Gazette respossfblt for the troth of their pub-
" lication. 'jlnefirence tothe arrangement
" by those to whomlthe'Paciffc Road Contract
"was awarded it.jas alledged that' $200000
" of' paid-up stockjwas itooe Issued to each
" and a further arrmgement'contemplated by
" which H.waB to m'increased to $G00000." I
" do not' recoIlecVihe number of contractors
" nor how many tley designed to associate in
this part oftiie eiterprise;'nor do 1'remem
"ber whether' if lajuld have required ten or
"twenty millions tt hare satisfied this offering
" to corporate patrutlsmr My only business
Is with the fact ether it was contemplated
" to make exactionjupon the productive Indus-'
"trvof the conntviin'orderrtomake It'vield
" dividends to the jolders. If so' our people4
" may now review tne poucy 01. putting tneir
" Internal Improvenenta on such a foundation.1
"They can.'calmlj reflect npon 'a (project
"fraught with: suclt designs and estimat&.the
soundness or thai i political enconomyjthat
" would give twerty sections of land to the
" mile in order to jbuy our citizens the privi-
" lege of payingatitrffn on fictunu V.
Let us look" a Htle'to what. "Walker'
" Kino" and fDiMiND" say in their circular'
issued from No. G3Beaver street N' Yonthe
3lst of January 185.-In'addrcasing the stockh
noiaers 01 meiraciic uompanyime ocssex
Iron CoMrANT"1 Itqck havlng-beenj at' this
time repudiated pj the GovcrnorJ.with aTview
to pursuade themti transfer their paid stock
from the former1 company to the ITexas
Western" they me the following language..
"We have stateilour anxiety that you should
"convert your stock on the terms now offered;
5'and have givenrjonJhe.rcasonsfor .ucha
" course; but it is oir duty to state frankly.to
" all who do not comply .with this call; that It
will never be in onr power' again to '.enable
i them to transfer tleir .stock from the Atlan-
tic and Pacific charter 'which must be"aban-
'doned to .theTexaS Western charter. Byno
"fault ou vonr nart r'ours. all that) his been
."paid tri be lost unless now transferred to the
"Texas Western Company." Q?" Yes all that
has been paid ! ! !
In the same circular Walker Kino and Di-
moxd parade a delusive calculationefore the1
puDiic intenaeaio convince me creumousas
to how much money they are' to make by their
appropriation of the public property of Texas.
Without wading 'through thetr'long state-
ments I give the following "short extracts as
the result of. their expectations t
"Torecapitnlateil oar estimates and those1
of our engineers are light as to the value of
our lands; the cost of our road and its net
Srofits the account would stand as follows :
or stockholders at a coat to them of $5000-
000 would own a road yielding at least seven
percenton.S20.000.000. or-twenty-eight per
cent per annum eventtally to each stockholder
onhi3 investment an a surplus in addition in
caaniromme ianaiundoi92oit4uw --
crediting the amounts paid by 'you .your first
and future payments' Will be very easy; and
we have limited the future call on you; in any
event to 5 perceat of the amount of stock
retained t)y yon and fixed the future calls
upon this 5 per cent at distant periods.''
U itemembcr this all future cans in tne
aggregate limited to 5 per cent! !!
I publish the following short extracts in or
der to exhibit home of the opinions of the
"The Pacific bubble.
Thr ttnv-ul Ttumrri. a twt nabllshed at Ctnci-
OLOhla is stmt decided advocate of the Texas
ite to the Pariflc Zeal without knowled-Q is aene-
raur considered as dangerous om mera 13 anoiner
tlna of zeal that Is stlti more reprehensible the zeal
that goes contrarr to knowledge and troth. Mesrrs.
Walker.KhiKttCo. the leader in the great Pacific
scheme. haTedartairthe-iBtyear.opemted under the
Texas Western Railroad" charter. The ahreveport
T.il TV-in-t tiatiiitrltrin tiw of this mad. and
takes all propar occasions to brine the matter&vorablr
pcwrc uie imuiiCr iu iuuuhiu v" hi
number of that paper however shows it is not uis
yvgcu iv ku luiMiti iuu vji-j u ......
The extract from the Shreveport Democrat
"Twoorthreeweeks ago we penned an article m
MtfAHnju a ihi. maH u-htak ttrA Sitrl nttnn AiaiitinA.
tion to be Incorrect In several particulars. The charter
as published in the Railroad Beeoru Cincinnati states
that the company have tenyeara to complete ten
miles of the road. This la IncorrecL It Is only five
hence they have only one year in which lo complete
ten miles of the nwid. How the error crept Into the
Becord we know not ; we trust It was not by design.-
Again ; instead of one hundred and forty bands there
are only twenty-nix it work as we have been In-
formed. The statement made by ns in our former
article was derived from a respectable gentleman
from Texas who wo haw no doatt was himself dece
T.We have no wish to throw suspicion over this
enterprifP as we rincerlr wish it success ;i oar only
wUhistobtate Cuts as they are. In order that the
public may judge tor themselves in reference to It.
Mi apprehend Vtat ana eamnmif vrOljind artnt dfft-
eutty in apuattng voder this charter: thrawmat of paul
stock it $n large-isturd vntiout rahd cmndrratian a In
constitute a tmauM olalnctc to sueem."
What the Confederate says :
"VVe clip the above extract and comment from the
columns or our neighbors of the Civilian. We entlrelv
accord with the suggestions expressed and implied
1 cBirviamK mis luKui iiiiriuer in iimnenion Wlin Its
Wftemt"'-71te 'ielaburfr and EiIUm" or the morp
recent cognomen of ftmlfrm Iftafie Ifrad.'' In all
its changes of mmc as well as in potting out or
taking in -11 (ellowOt has maintained with marked
eontu'.taucy it whol. platlorm fir deception and
the Legilatnre and now in the hands of the Qove-
nor awaiting his approval or rejection turns over the
concern with all "rights" and accmuI.ited "contractu
in the lino of Its descent to the new company. We
will not pnrmlwrwtnwheter the Governor wiU veto
the Dill. We ehall leave that question to the conjec-
tures of those wboknow the Executire Itetter than we
Of all the projects in Texas none perhaps has been
ttended with mi mnch scbemln-. ealtmlntPft tn nm.
dace vitiated Legislation as this Rood of multiform
eognomm. It ban een varionplj' estimated that its
wniflscmfuiswr imiuun hiuck rapjjeu Bouiennere
fromteutotnentvmiUiuna. Itnould seem as If the
politicians or north eastern Texas had their pockets
"crflmmptl" with (t-ImkM(i b. ' tart nrinbll-fr It
other quarters. It bag been a nolens fruitful helpmate
lorotnerranwareperaiaiorsionnrgainmwiti. it has
itiCft lu first ail rent linen miuli thi louia nrmlittivllv
diseased combinations In the Legislature n bile those
combinations hare been palmed off as an ex-
pression of popular nentiment. While we join In con-
demning all the vitiated and dishonest sciieniing con-
nected with this "hombug" project we hare a few
qocptionstonskof our Galveston IteprcBentatiret In
the House and Senate: what coure thej- took in ad-
vocating or opposing the bill now In the hands of the
Governor? If we have the right toininire we will
Immedintely after the appearance of the
Confederate article containing the awkward
interrogations to our Galveston Represen-
tatives the following article appeared in
the columns of the Civilian.
Thern i an prrmom iranresitm in ra?in1 ( ta -nj
called IclfJcIt-ilroailBUC Two years ago a company
was chartered entitled In the caption the Texas
Western llallnarCompanr.' hut In tho body of the
bill it was called "the Vicksburg; hhrcveport and EI
Paso Railway." Thus there was a mistake in the title
The bill passed hy this Legislature simply substitutes.
a new name in each case to wit: "the Southern
Paciflc Railway and imposes some restriction on the
company not in the original charter such as re-
quiringits office and a majority of its directors to be in
Texas and declaring that under no circumstances
Bhall the compajr receive more tlian If) sections of
land per mile. - This latter clause was inserted in
consequence of some pretensions said to bare been
setup by some speculators in Xew York claiming
that by blending two chanters Into one. they could
claim ;S sections a claim too nonsensical to deceive
any intelligent person. . We have been credibly as-
saredthat ilr. Walker has nothing to do with this
road but that It Iscontrolled by citizens of Texas some
of whom bad their own negroes at work between
Marsh-ill and tho State line. If there should be any-
I received a letter a few days since under
date of the 7th of April 185C. It came from
an old gentleman residing at Hamilton New
York a man of prominent standing and who
was in the Legislature of New York many
years during Clinton's time. It exhibits
amongst other things the character of what
is called the Texas Western. The following
Is an extract from it:
There came Into my office.vesterdav. Clark'
Burnham of Sherburn formerly State Sena-
tor.. He has two thousand shares (two hun-i
dred thousand dollars) of the stock of the
Texas Western Railroad Company which he
wished to dispose of 'or a part it. The scripts
purport to be signed by L. IL Dimoxd Pres.
and S. Jaudon Se- on which the scripts
say $1.35 have been paid. On the back is an
endorsement stating that not over 5 per cent
shall ever be called for on any of those shares;
and the script says that the bolder is to be
entitled to an equal share or proportion of the
Road when made and all lands and other
donations to' the road."
"It appears that Texas has made two
grants of land to the Company to aid the con-
struction of the Road amounting to 15630
acres of land to each mile of road built to be
located as fast as the road Is finished."
"ilr. Burnhau informs me that a bill pass-
ed your Senate to pay to the Company $8000
in cash for each mile of road when finished ;
and that there was a certainty of that bill's
passing the other branch of your Legislature
and becoming a law."
He further 'assures me that two hundred
miles of the1 Road commencing at the cast
bounds of Texas and going from thence west
has been put under contract and men are
now at work at itn
"The company was chartered by your State.
and extends from near Shreveport on the east
line of Texas west to HI Paso on the Rio
Grande being over 700 miles In length."
"Will yon be so good as to adr.se me on the
1st. Has such a charter been granted by
2nd. Have such grants of land been made
to the Company ?
3d. lias or wtu tne $svw Pr mile be
given by Texas to the Uompany ; or will such
a bill pass your Legislature
4th. What is your opinion or the prospects
or the road being built ? "
5th. Has the road been actually commenced
and to what extent?
Cth. Is not this whole matter a kite flying
concern a tub thrown to awhale a black
leg ' operation-a' perfect gouge game meant
to fleece us green horn back-woodsmen ?"
Well gentlemen of the "paid stock gentry
what do yon say to this? What answer
should we return to these inquiries ? Perhaps
the old gentleman thinks' there may be a spec-
ulation In hand for him ; and perhaps you can
tell him how he would come out with it By
the bye this man Btjenham understands'this
process oMoaningby the State and the result
of it. HeVoneof'the politicianswho figure
for the release of .the three million loan to the
posed loan as & gift and talks or it as such
trn.i-ni'r'-nl(a 'w!l'"' fruit1-. If nn Tjitalfltnr
can be foundnbscrvie&t enough: to make the
I6an another canibe found pliant -.enough to
release if Tlds is'the common iesuitmore
especially in cases where as lit Texascorpo
.V1 tTt ; (r;ii -.i?J
rations US V UCJUUUTV ua cV-ofvnir !
combine insttielr projects fswindling) the
State.1 BtTRNHAM has onlygot his)andand
money a little alwvelthe'figureAThmoney
it loaned would become an ultimate donation-
as well as t&landWAVn6ws I&ISa
spectacle yon are presenting ' before .the world
playing' pimp' to th.sVemnant.'ofIthe"'pId
.. -- - . js-t itiIv- z.r I if
tare charfering a 'company To build a1Pacific
Railroad through.Texas ?. Dpjron remember
tbe mocki parade of names embraced in the
bill associating all tbe millionaires of that
State and which took captive so many of the.
politicians' of Texas? What an exhibit you
made trailing" after those seedy; fellows who
came out here and laid the plot' to build the
road; not with the money of those million
aires but wlth'Mf-e per cent on the amount
of stock subscriptions. Whyfgentlemen this
five per cent would hardly pay traveling and
Irthv jtrnonaiu!!- What on 'earth then are the
officers at No. 63 Beaver street to build? the
roauwitn; it seems to me tney wouianeeu
Aladdin's Lamp before they get througbunless
they' can make their project availablelhy
piunuenng tuepuoiic property 01 xasas.
'ThisTaat project of plundering ourcom;
monwealth for the benefit of aUrainedanny
of speculators- is now culminating The
terrible set to. is soon to be made. The'.'In-
quiry as towhoare engaged 'in'lt-need lipt
beJ answered. 'They arc known almostas
well as'if. specifically designated. Theem-
bracethe. classesof men adapted to carrying
out schemes'ofi the kind. In'raakingchoice
ortheinstrumen?s Jo effect suchdeslgnsthe
plotteramake selection pf-such .men1 only as
they suppose willsnbserve their purposes. The
first object is tosecureenof talent of; ex
tensive political innueucej 01 (mercenary cnar
actcr added to "their known susceptibility "to
political' Immorality-nevr forgetting' to
take themmostlv fromithe dominant party.
Anomerclass'Tof vco-operators ' are'' selected
from the indecently unscrupulous wuo are
made the machines for doing the dirty work
and occupy! by analogy the position of a hang
man or executioner under tyrannical Govern;
ments- to do the infamous part which the
abettors do not wish to appear engaged fnj
Tne outer Class counten on u cuiupuseu Himui y
of honest but' unthinking credulous men ca-
pable of being imposed upon by an array'jof
disguised motives and' false pretences; The
"office begging" politician can .seldom be
counted on for either side- He merely jumps
to the platform that promises to come " up
permost" generally disposed to play the part
of a political hyena possum or pole-cat ac-
cording to circumstances. Now gentlemen
you have got your scheme laid your' forces
drilled your sentinels set in and about the
Legislature' and all ready to go to work. Do
YOU REALLY EXPECT TO' ACCOMPLISH YOUR
Do you denytbe truth of this accusation? I
affirm that not less.than fifteen millions of
"paid stocky" and "five percent stock" so
called has already been Issued. I assert that
arrangements exist for issuing asmuch more
as may.be aeemeu necessary to acquire in-
fluence' In making the plot' effective. You
are'now being exposed at every turn yon
take and it Is wholly useless to attempt any
farther concealment of your real designs.
1 on Know tnaj . ut.-r.jr uPo.
iuuucjf MU3ui1..hj . r- ". -a '7
nctutoua stocK. no roan wouia oe 1001 enougn
for that unless he was imposed upon. Ton
know again that with the roads of Texas
Sckuylerizeit ' In advance yon conld not
borrow a dollar of private Individuals.- Cap
italists never lend money von' such an exhibit
of affairs. You are therefore 'dependent for.
success on the project of plundering the comv
monwealth. Again L'askrdo yon'senoosiy
expect to accomplish yonr object ?
Allow me to appeal to your senslbilitiesy"f
yon have any. I do not now address myself
to the plotters of this scheme and their coadV
jutors out of the State ; but to our own citt-'
zens who have been drawn into the plot from
motives of gain. 1 do not wish to deny to
you the common feeling of patriotism; of
State pridea or desire for the public welfare.-
I know many of yon ; and know that you have1
been .as loud and apparently as earnest '.in
your declarations of attachment and love for
Texas as men possibly could be. I must ask
you how you can make up your minds to turn
in now and be made the political instruments
for defrauding the State mostly and mainly
ror the benefit of foreign speculators ? Have
you ever duly contemplated the only process
by which this could be accomplished? If so
you would see it tiro's:
First Laud bonuses 10240 acres or more
to the mile.
Second Loans by the State- of 'six or
eight thousand dollar to the mile to be in-
creased to ten thousand dollars.
Tuird A resort to borrowing on the credit
of the State after the present money gave out(
In order to continue and increase the loans.
Fourth After the public creditrwasfex-
Uauuteu postponement ui'we oianriicii im.
order to give precedenceby way of first mort
gage to" new loans from' capitalist 'who
would .refuse to lend without 1 such arrange
Fifth and lastly a general 4flettpIby
the speculators to induce the-State;-to relin-
-..iali Ira in-tns anil donate them to the Com par
nies. This would be the Jtnae&Werpjmi
visionary enough to 'snpposeyou 'could carry;
this out ? tan it oe possioie inat yon are uearx-
less enougn to persist in tne atiempi-j. jl i-au
upon yon to contemplate'in advance the prosv
pect of an army of foreign a'nd'jdomestlc
mercenaries continually atwork ineyerypart
of the State-political mtegty stricken'
down and made timid bythefabujejheaped
upon it every drift'made-to paclcajsnbser-
vient Legislature from session to session1; and
the Wnoie political aunoapueniwmwi ujr iuc
influence of foul projects" In Vombination.
Look at the picture as'you'mnsVcontempUte
it in order to see yourwayclearvMn-making
available that odd fractVon oijJxty-itvb
PER CENT. OF TOCR PAli-'lTP STOCKr
Gentlemen you havfrsedulotuly kepYout of
sight until recently'yonr pVojectfbf getting
possession of the Public TmBufy Youdire not
name it in connection witbryonri'patd stock
speculations. You knew thepeople would 'rej
pudiate it at once as'sbon as it became public
and you have therefore' gone .to work' surrep-
titiously tO get a GENERAL LOAN LAWpJSSed
which shonld bappljcabletoall the corpora-;
tlons in theState. ' Ton have undertaken to
make the Houston Road the HafrfsborgBoaaV
anu tne oanwoniu lvuau we puimiai; fa-
horses to commence"carrying thejmoney 'put
of the Treasuryfoplishly. thinking you conld
get your political pack saddles fitted for
a few "paTd stock'coadjntojoansiblycon-
nected with the Honatoni'Hanourg.-and San
Antonio Roads you haveno reliableTstrength
from the people on thW.routevto enter into
an nnprab-ewprthy combination. When I say
this I speakladvisedly; It is truethe people
on those routes 'as 'well as elsewhere1 In the
State areairbutdesperate forrailwy ac-"
commodation: Their- Ideas of loaning from
the State howeverjveln'baBedon.the
calcnl-tioir of pncnrtiiir goodfaith subscrip
tions to make two-thirds'of the. road and" of
honestly paying back to the Statethe loans' ad
vanced Asktthem.theonestion whether they
would go Into or allowithelr representatives
to eo.intoafonl combination.to'make'y0r
jfrtiriojWA'-valuable-by robbing' the public
'- -'-i - .-? . . -Lt.v r
property ana near wnai mey-wooiuayj
trust theirfanawwouldVbewhatnUghV be
expected of good citizens.- The.Houseof Re-
presentatives got'dn Jnkllngof lyouj projects
andthe extent. of them before'the1 adjourn:
mentaaleyidenced by.layingjhe Lban BUI "on
its'bac'by'a vote of fortyto twenty-seven".
The River IraprovemenCmen in the House1 had
the satisfaction otlhearing an open statement
of the attempted bargaiiTsonghti to be. made
with themand heard it as' openly" rebuked
Dyiue niemi rriuu-iiij-uu uuj-i.
patriotism 1 of ;me 'House and -alarmed the. I
memDersasittmnir into a ueterrainauan not
to commit the State to such a suicidal policy;
uiiiTO persist in. thuj nujust attempt
toirob'the'state'? AttaVla. to makethepublic
money andlpropertyorthe. State.build the
roadsand then virtually aive them'asa pres-
I ent 1DVVU(.VM .UBb.rVllUaii7wiikutEH-
Rant OI me 01a suoanyicgency sou i uuKi-
pieseninieaio suca a ooon irom eu3inuw
'dovou'tWhlcthe-people would -feel to-see the
railways huRJititeVowirmeans and then'
.turned pver.malnly" to 1 the proprietorship of
outside spculaton"andjfrom yearto year; op-
pressively" used1 "to ' tax".' the A industry' of 4 the
Stated in order to make dividendsor income' on
fictitious stock ? entlenMVyonhayea'job
before'yon toaccomplIshlhiwUlHot envy
you the reputation yon acquire nor themoney
youmakebut'of ill -Now) that -Jur-Pjojecla
are 'developed yonhave somethiDg'todobe
Slues suoonung presses apu leauiug puiiMciaiu)
You have got tb.buypthejbplet"Tott have
got nothing to'do that with unless perchance
. - ft ---i.?.- nlwi - - "r
you offer them a part of thelrown property.
But you calculate erroneously whenypusup-
pose JOU can a.ccp uwtru wi-iituw' -;-
trayed people through the influence; ofa few
politicians.. Your success would depend .on &
steady subordinationofithe? popularwill to.
your dictation; andjr youthinkyon.canmake;J
" . L 1. M 4-W1...VI..1. a 4 fM4tl.M Sr .nilStv. r
your schemes triumph' agaln.sttbe ; jnst Indig-
upon and outraged" you may perhaps keepf on"
with your iemea;'atgentlemen my word
forit-i-you Tire just as .hear-theT' accomplish-
ment ofybur objects' now as youerrr will Se:
There are aithousand othert.moral 'financial
and political impossibilities in. the way which
it is neeoiess ior me 10 mention.-. 1 odcasjot
succeed. " r
Gentlemen you . have a deceptive way of
making' yourselves appeart formidable. One
ortwo hundred of you dispersed over "the State
and'makinir a howl in concert appears terrific
to timid peopIeJ Thty mistake yonr noise for
tne popular wuhiucui- uu nc'wiii iu
much real strength on the 'average through
the State as yotf have jnthU city. JWhafare
sevenfoVeight of "the "fictitious Btocktfgentry
-.'.v. "-i i;T;--;?.r1 ."ii. t'
realty-ana iruiy lntercsteu in u-iug uu we
honest and prudent aide of public.' questions ?
When men have scuffled withthe class towhicli
you belong as much is I have they will Jearn
"ncutiousstoca inyourpocaets aoutuvvuui-
monest manin the State is an overmatch' for
Ihebest of you. You are now exposed beyond
the powerof concealment and yonjrill Jie
snornoi.yourstrengta in prowriiumu jum
effortsto flounder through the. accomplishment
of your schemes.; Most of yon have talents that
ought to be put to useful and good purposes.
ldo not myselT fear your power or capacity
to inflict a permanent injury on the State.
The public wiiijpe prontea tnsome way. Dy
your exertions. Either you will abandonyour
visionary projects and enlist) yourselves .to'
promote a sound State policy j or yon will be-
come profitable subjects Jor political aissec-
tion andllustration; Do.1 not imagine that
you were made favain'Yon'will either 'do
your duty rto'thepublic directly and anTrrna-
tlvely; or' by.the oppositV course;.;you will
teach the-people' what; is their dutyf at the
same time you will stimulate them to the per-
luiuMMc "k "J ciiuuaut o sua re-
puuiatioB oi your acnemes.
" 'LpRENZO SHERWOOD.
v - -..'.';.
UOMMEXCIAI. AFFAIRS IN-tfcNOLAND. Ane
Londoncorrespondent of the New York- Com-
nairrinV AAtirtifr In IhIlotti' nf AnHl Ifl.
""- --"---i . -. .- .. w. r..- v
(by the Persia) says :
'Everythinggoes on smoothly and all that
is wanted in London to create universal buoy-
ancy. Is a' return of some of the specie which
has been uninterruptedly flowing out during
the past two years.
ThiBostoa papers state that great quanta
1 ties 01 caterpillars nave maoe meir appear-
1 ance on toe trees in mat vicinity.
' LAORANQRyTexaslfay 8th 1856.?
Editor? New? . lamyjast letter liproin
Ised'toadd aomething further in efenceof
.what Is known in our State'ar the. Loaning
'"Policy to railroads. But before entering upon
the proposed defence 'you must pardon a -general
remark or two by way ofa fort of sequel
to my previous letter? Inour early .history
there .was scarcely any divisionof parties. in
reference to the power or duty of the National
bovernment to enter upon a general system of
Internal Improvements. In'earlyjife even
the great and practical mind of Mr. Calhoun.1
who ever belonged to what has generally been
Known as tne atnet construction Hcnooi of
Politicians was rather inclineduo adopts and
art pnt the prevalent opinion of his day. VThe
great necessity which then existed for works'
of Internal Improyements'nnlted with the com-
parative 'absence 'of capitalMnt the hands of
individuals 'doubtless had a tendency to make
thedoctrinea'.popularone. Bnt theexperi-
ence of a few years and the increase of 'capi
tal in the hands of individuals soon corrected
this opinion And it may now be said to be
a Veil established maxim of republicanism
that the more yon contract the functions and
officers of government both National and
State tiie"letteritjbnth Tor the peopleani
the government i
But So. not understand me as intimating the
opinion that there could not arisean exigency
.which might demand of usr at. least apparent:
tyyio lay asioo annmare pruuent notions ot
the ; exercise of the functions government Des
perate' dise'aswnoi unfrequenIyrequire des
perate remedies; and1 this' fact 'doubtless Tur-
nishcB .a'phllosophicalsofution of the' popu
larity of whatwfcalleiljrth.e State Fbin"of
UHlua (UIJUUICUICUM.illUUU) lIC iuicuicui
and reflecting portion ofyour citizens.'1 But
whilst our previous Legislatures have not been
uisposeu to uo as mucn as tne exigencies 01 me
case may have'.demandedrat theirfhands to
wards' thebullding of' railroads yet Iam in-
uiucu m uiuin tuak tuc nicuuiuiiiuc aiaw
Plan; in f their great anxiety .to see- something
speedily done ! rellevethepressmg'rants
of .the.conntrv. haveonetto antte'the-oniwk
site extreme ":"ThIs "is altogeth'er'nainral'and j
rAfter the" foregoing' gencrafirellectionj let
ninovtA- nDiiairir.ana saaareivxto.ue
other means as we have at our disposal'' W0QW
nbVonly Werfor'theJS&Hut whether
it "would not at the same timebemore'api to
give"us speedily1-the facilities wesotmoch
need JorHhe development of i our natural re-
souoeV y tijs proposedV'by JheJIiTBilL' to
a It. a 1 a a TAnntrt a1 fwtrl i.rmnntd tA
HUtUUh4r. A.JUttU v iaVdu vvu..aiua.Bin.
thousand dollars permileand for every sec
tion" of ten milesj thereafte'rf a farther oanjor
loans of Blx;thoujanoljilollarsj per. mile tb
State taking a preferencemortgage'with ppw;
erbf -sale-not -"only to "secure the" paymentof
tne amount loaned 'witnma specinea4ume'
but; likewise 'tof se'cnrea.paymentof "the
interest annually accruing. Notwithstand-
ing the often repeatedpredictiont.orjrather
remark by your StaievPlanfnendsf that'no
sane man would expect";the amountvso loan
cu -cr Liiiucjmu ujr m-rvuuiyuuica jh tut
the life of mej I LcannoV imagine" how the. 'se
curiiy conld be'improveoL .The surmise that
llef Billpassedjby the Legisjatnret andthns
relieve themselves front" the. debt entirely Is
nothingmore nor less than'a 'merely gratui-
tous assumption. We might with equal plausi-
bilityj.forman. argument 'against the Credit
System saying it xnightbe dangerous for one
individual ; to extend credit to another for fear
that the Legislature might'ipass" av law pro-
WUIIUI5 BU& tutitbtiwu ui(ucut9aiugciucr UI
giving unreasonable staytVexecutions- Ad-
mlVfortheakeof'the argument that such
might be the resnlt yet is it not most clear
and palpable that the State would be the'gain-
er in adopting this plan for the building of
roads 'in preference to the bnllding of them
exclusivelywith her own funds? WhatState
has ever sold a work of. Internal Improvement
for scarcely more jhan one .half-the' coat of
me average cost of railroads 4'inThts State
where theyjnay be"' builta" cheap as in anjr
part of the worhivill not fall short of twenty
thousand dojlar per mile.- Judging from 'the
expericnce-br other States1 if tteState shonld
"undertake me wordirectljthherjown
means' it would not be an extravagant -calcu-
lauon 10 put apwn toe average cost at'mirty
orforiy thousand dollars TrTmile. K '
Bnwehave been told time and again; as a
reason why the" loaning; policy; would Jiuef-
ficient that railroads will not pay InTexas.-
ftom itsjrequentirepetitionthjahas become
assort of stereotyped argument fa the hand of
to ineon seeing;or hearing itnsedi that our !
iiiwu ncit uuiiuui anaicui iuc lacfc UlCy
were using a sort of wdged sword.'if rail-
twd'areltwoexpensiveo be erected v as
means for.trave! andtransportationby indi-
vidoals they would doufatlesVprove to be quite
too expensive jtjuxury for the State to indulge
ip.fThave3retto learnithataf State isany
thing else than an'aggregation of individuals-
.Thlsargnmenheni'.ifjt. prove anyhing
proves quite too muchpit J would drlve-us 'all
back to herding 'cattie and branding calves.aa
being the oniyemploymentwhichtheCod of
nature naa ever inteaueu lor icasos.
But ourStatcpIan 'friends will 'doubtfesa
reply that Inhere place afaleB"coIofingvupon
the argument use'd thai it was only intended
to convey Hhei Idea' that f railroads- in ''Texas
would not how pa jTajiividend IjTother.words
the" State onld betterafford to wait fori the
. - t - -
day of general 'improvement of ; the- country
much alive to their own interest as StatesVand
ever bring to thedischargevofa''giveni"ta8k
nmchj mbreTeconomy and "a -much larger
amAnnt AfanAiwan.l vr&11 Air ataA AnfAmiA&
amount f energy and well directed enterprise.
It'is.men'toeyonlytrne' philosophy for the
State to lend a helping handby furnishing the
required amount of assistance and leave it to
private enteprise to direct and invest it.
''But again how is this argument to .be re-
conciled with the charge we see so often made
that they are constantly in the" habitoLissu-
ing to themselves a sort of bogus stocky not
founded npon anything actually paid injbnt
which is only 'done with a view to absorb pro
fitSj.'andthua' prevent the rate of dividends
from running above a limited "amount- This
.objection "certajnly presupposesTtliat raibroadj
have been built which vpaid by their profits a
living rate of interest. f-
But lI haveheretofore remarked that 'the
loan bill; with one or .two adjnncts-vrouldvfn
my opinion prove altogether adequate to the
wants ofvme"country; -The preWnCschool
'fund .which it is proposed to loan amounts to
twoJ millions of dollars;! if to thisas added
another million of surplus now in our treasury;
asjs contemplated bya hill troduced' by
Colonel Dancy of this'conntyv and whicbTwas
left among the'nnflnished business of the late
session inthat'event the 'fund to": be loaned
lo railroad companies wouldamount' to "three
millions of dollars. We woald ; then have a
'fund whichjtt the rate of 'sixthonsand dollars
per mile; would be snScient to insure the com
pletion of five hundred nules of railroad- But
it win oe recoiieciea tnat;under our constitu-
tion;jone.tenthof'the amount of the annual
revenue derived amto be derived from taxa
tion 11 required to beiannnallyiadded to tne
Bchoolfund. I havenottbestatistics now be
fore me to enable" me to'makeanything like
anacenrate estimate but we know: fuirwell
that .with the general improvement of the
country and 'the 'Increase of the subjects of
taxation consequent upon even a limttea scaie
of railroad Improvement only a few years
would elapse' before another million would be
added to the fund.
As ancillary.tb the -same object I would
propose to stop atT the Trery earliest practical
day" the. present indiscminaWisfniing-and
iWion of land' certificates- Let our pablic
lands bV.snrveyed by-the SUte Government';
and require all failroadcompanieon receiv-
ing their land bonuses to locate their certifi;
cates uwn 'alternate1 sections ftreservingthe
remaining sections tolbe.soldby.the State
and' the proceeds to beradded'to.the School
Fund. By adopting this course we would
soon have a fund the Interest of1 which would
not only extend the blessings of an education
to all of our. children; bnt. hy loaning the
land itself to railroad companies we would
thufl'extendrailroad facilitieta' every bos'
fn -r)ia'flraf' n-m r Inu(T(f'to1
ment what would bei the "eflecfof this' course
of 'poUcyorf the priced or relative value of our
seCTlons pernuieamoaniHkto.sirceiy more
worth" fa'the'market about'i twenty-five centa
per acre: This reduced market.vaJueis''doubt-
Ifl mainly fl.iriDnxBDie... .. ." .
the mMkeronnne'iaiirrmieiita.'or'tlie sea
&iu'or ouPiegisiatirei y3P' 'coa"e
hereBSggestfioridf I ;"'!; 5-?f??-con1
denw'U-lBieJliy-woiiW very ioonarriye
vilnirtb Sftj Vmj setentjR'filf-.ent'i per;
uer raile.'whereas; if the public Iinte coald oe
appreciated in yaiae.'the same aonatioamlgat
bewortn somesixoreignt'tuuu-iiiu" -per
mile. TW would "then constitute some.-
thing of .'an indncement. foV capitalists to in-
vest their money la building Texas Railroads.
'But as an.adiUtiooar'adjnct'itothe plan
here proposed rwould suggwtthenactnient
ori'general law; Bomewhat analogous to theC
bilf irtr)fottU$'ii&ettenilionflj Mr.
or incorporatea jown. or w iaMU5D.atr'Mj
a direct vote of ite citizens; to tathemselves-notexeaTspulated-amoTO;sly
per cinJJe lerleandUertri 'during a
to the cornction-f suchfrailrpadorroada"
mejreeeipte'of thecoUectersbeing made
assignableand Jransfei.bleao that'wh'enever'
a number nght'bftprCTentedatTthcofliceiof
the company equal 'toone sre6fSteclL; the;
holder shoid beentUkoceivea share of.;
StocktThlwotldensureiJhey raising -of a
fund with whicn aBnroadJmpanrem'ight
safely guaranteed 'pionfptjpaymen
be created Ine'cbnstrncofitiwir roao-'J
all new enterprises be treqniredj.togpas(V to js
berr injillcatfxlt ktns-Uke 3'aninstance1 the. .
fromlthVtowntofBIchmoj cityof r
whilst quite '5&nnmber of oth'er. cotinttes are
morej remotely inwresieu.juiaametcju3iwH
would conaenttoa'ttVoi$hairof one per
tax -"as it "nuysttmould: rafse 'annually
aboutone hundred thoosanddonaiwhiclij in
five veantTwonld amonnt jto half a million. IT
joaeitluate thVaveragecosfCof PnUdlng the
per'ranV beingVlwnt'one;handrea.miIs yon
wouldthus hiveTtwenty; fiwjjerj cent-tofth
cost ofMnVtractionprovidedfori bythe pro-
posed tax. 7Add to thiaapprecated Talue
of tte;donations of JanUndyon'havTnore
than onehaif "provided for'bjWhat'wonfd be
fuTlyJtiuafto acash snbstionThmatter
and such indUvidnalsnbscriptions jxnddona-
tionC" asWghtibeobtalnedj'beingleft to"
make m thedeflclLf 'Re. 1? presented 'as" I
"a flnanciarl'basisVwhjch wpuld be altogether
reliable ' K
tBut 1 am spinning myyarn V toan nnbear-
i able Iength..iwili notice oneVurtherobjection
urgeaiotne laaauiu'siut uc"Jcv.;c'r .". jt
slumbers! It has been sahtimeandagaln
that an acceptance 01 toe 10a 9 oy companies
would embarrass Ahem having to give'a" first"
class mortgage they would thereby bejneapa-
citated'to obtain other loans.. This "assertion
haabeenperseveringly 1-adein tnefaceof
the fact that every organized company in the
SUtetwasvringtherecent sessionj-or the
legislature-urging ;thfr-passage oft the loan
bilLr It wpaid certainly not be a violent pre
sumption to conclude that railroad companies
understand their own interest quiet 3"weil as
disinrerested spectators? ItmayIii truth; and
In fact be" denominated te discovery ott the-nineteenthVcentitryvwhich-ouiitate'Pian
friends seeraT to havemadeymata'railroadi
company being able toborrowmoney from the
necessitate fV impair; theirj "general credit.
things generajereruade npofpartlcnlar-
WtnoughfjAs everfe tS A Rt G
.irtir--' 1 - "' - .
' .THEBEYVMrBEEEiyhM fbecome .a
garVPretending to teach chrlstiariity head-
rises war against the Sonthr her recommends
Shart's rifle as. an acompaniment toth(f bible
for the Kansas enifgrant;IheadTises''the use'
of. ginilthongh his fatherwas an apostfe; in
the temprance'canseiHe saya:. v -
No'tcmperance manshonId takea boat on
theOhio orMississipDi until ;h&;h- removed
his name from the pledge" for thoe two rivers "
are aa poison and death: from the first drop of
their head waters to me jasi eaay as me uuu 01
WluSacJ- uiiui nuiuvvuijiuauic. nuuB'wk-
corered his botanical variety or juniper 1
i 4.Wlth a flastof juniper in onr ppckets;we
defythewatersortJwwOTldyj ' r
There is reasonto suppose ihat the. preacher
was pretty Jweil s(ch)napped .whenhede-
Uvered WabWadviceIt w fiintedTthat the
Revd- apbstlr of gunpowdetand' gin is 'com-
nussionea dt DUAvrnauu tiris luuwt mcir
prodnctipM. j- VJ- vL'&rjk
4 FmncAo'orxssion.'i Mr.otrLKrm Jiia
recent speech In NeOTleansreferred tothe'
designs France had onuthe Island vof3Iada-
gascar The NjTp"Ci5rtayvitsteted
on good authorityhat thT French 1 are about
to'siexe this island;"nnder a trumped-up plea
osonftightVrenchraen being sold into
slavery but with the true plea as expressed
inthe leading" Paris" journal "that its soil is
peculiarly jadapted tithe raising; of .cotton
the cnltivatiori drwhich" is already: carried on
to a considerabIeextent;M and i'rates'of Jabor
are. very lowfouro eightJcents pef'day being
conmderhigb wages TMs ishntfts as
UieasTranceiand three times-as large as
Great BritianthTpopnTation of 'five mill-
ions: .France has always had aflonging- eye1
for this gemofthe' Indian Oceanl havingas'
early as 1642 attempted to make itoneof its
eoionies bnC abandoned it on account of sick-
nesa and removed to the hlandof'Bonrbon.'
Since the peace of WlSthey have had several
small jcolonles on the East coaitJhe gfniua
of tiie present Baperor will dmlrtlessomplete
to entire projecL1 and people the new domain
in me same manner as Algiers- ana .uajenu-
"Washingtox Gossip. The new steam frigate
Jterrimac wUi;it Is said; be ordered to proeeea
to the Pacific without delay-- We findValsa
thatmerloop-of-warvSt itary's wasat'
Guayaqnil on the 30th nit and rwould leare
fOTPanajwCon.thel5thinst. Shewasdaily -
looked for at last accounts. .In addition to.
thew demonstrations. JfrJ Herbert. of.Calt-
fornia; offered to the Honse of Bepresentatives
on the SOtn'nltja resolation;in9tructingitue
Committee of. Foreign Affairs fotoquire.lnto'-
the facts of the case with the view.of protect-'
Inr 5 hereafter onr citizens while crossiagThe
interference of .Franceand 'England fa the
quarrel between Nicaragua. and Costa .Blca
ill be brought up. in : Congress-jjrobaWrmv
the IsW by Mr. Humphrey; MarshalLv of Xean
tuekyand we are Infonned- by ounWash- "
lngton correspondent; that the Know-Nothings
held a caucus In that city on'.the ZOth to con-
mtAmr the Droority.Jof adopting some- specifi
cation as'a political partywitB-'xegard to
the Central American jraestioit ?Sd aaysthe
T T. Herald. !' ?-e T JY je
We are inforiil"tktllr;Dotb& hai Slib-'
factory reason to belien that the sloopC-var
St. Mary's fa.nowat.Paaama... Orders hare
been iftsaedwa learn' to the ;oflcer is cook
mand of that Tr 1 tore main in that port 10
long aa h any deem It nectsary for the pro-
tection or American' dtiaena. "A Tessel of the
Home Squadron will touch at'Aspbmll also
The. hope la indulged that the presence ot a
manf-var at Panama will check any attempt
at farther outrages on onr countrymen in that
region and reliere parogen from apprehen-
sion of tronble-
Otttf Whlppennan who "resides at Aliddle-
town; and near the scene of the late lamenta-
ble tragedies informs ns that quirt has been
restored and that the citizens hare succeeded
In organizing a company of fifteen men who
are to be on constant duty. In protecting that
section from Indian outrages. The company
was mustered Into service on the 8th of April
bylvBesuGeeceas4 commanded byJ W
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Galveston Weekly News (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 13, No. 9, Ed. 1, Tuesday, May 20, 1856, newspaper, May 20, 1856; Galveston, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth79856/m1/1/: accessed September 19, 2020), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.